July 2010, thanks to enactment of the External Action of the State law and the map of officially discouraged red zones. That law enabled lawsuits against NGOs entering red zones if they fell victim to an incident requiring government intervention. In 2011, a Samaritan’s Purse employee sued her organisation in the United States after being kidnapped in Darfur the previous year. The first such case in Europe happened in 2015, when Steve Dennis sued

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

Consultation Process for World Humanitarian Summit ’, www.agendaforhumanity.org/sites/default/files/resources/2017/Jul/Restoring_Humanity_Synthesis_of_the_Consultation_Process_for_the_World_Humanitarian_Summit.pdf (accessed 9 September 2018 ). Whitman , J. Q. ( 2017 ), Hitler’s American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law ( Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press ).

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

civilian professions in the United States ( Stoddard et al. , 2006 : 4). Comparisons are not made with the risks faced by the wider civilian population. More generally, we know that civilian-protection activities are often targeted based on standardised categories of vulnerability rather than context-specific vulnerability analysis, and that national staff are frequently offered lesser protections than expatriate staff, even

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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

increase the responsiveness and effectiveness of humanitarian services’ ( WHS, 2015 : 130). These relatively straightforward and practical meanings contrast starkly with that used by the single largest donor (in absolute dollars) of humanitarian aid globally. The United States Agency for International Development ( USAID) (2016) refers to innovation as ‘novel business or organizational models, operational or production processes, or products or services that lead to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

Emergency Appeal for Syria, Gaza and the West Bank ’, www.unrwa.org/newsroom/press-releases/unrwa-launches-us-800-million-emergency-appeal-syria-gaza-and-west-bank (accessed 2 May 2018 ). UNRWA ( 2018b ), Health Department: Annual Report 2017 ( Amman : UNRWA ). UNRWA ( 2018c ), ‘ Pledges to UNRWA’s Programmes (Cash and In-kind) – Overall Donor Ranking as 31 December 2017 ’, www.unrwa.org/sites/default/files/overalldonor_ranking.pdf (accessed 10 May 2018 ). UNRWA ( n.d.a ), ‘ United States: A Long

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, though, by 1999, Russia was no longer the commercial gold mine it had been, owing to the demise of the lucrative suitcase economy, the CIS still accounted for 9 percent of Turkey’s overall imports – well ahead of the United States and the Middle East – and 5.6 percent of its exports. 24 This was not something Turkey would give up lightly. Nor was it all a one-way street. As Russia’s principal trading partner in the Middle East, Turkey helped shore up Russia’s faltering economy and Russia had every reason to try and expand its commercial links with Ankara even further

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

2504Chap13 7/4/03 12:42 pm Page 247 13 Reflections on Eurasian security David P. Calleo It seems an especially appropriate moment for American scholars to consider the long-term issues of Eurasian security. At this time, of course, it is not easy to have a long-term vision of anything. Since the atrocities of September 11 2001, the world seems to have changed for us in fundamental ways. Old trends, therefore, may no longer apply. It is not true, however, that the hatred of the United States that exploded on September 11 began on that same day. Indeed, even

in Limiting institutions?

2504Chap6 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 105 6 The geopolitics of Central Asian energy Jaewoo Choo This chapter assesses the rising geostrategic and geoeconomic importance of Central Asian oil and natural gas for China and the United States – the most transparent source of Sino-American conflict in this region. The initial rationale for Chinese engagement in Central Asia, despite the emergence of China as a net oil-importing nation in 1993, was not driven by the search for an alternative and secure source of oil and natural gas.1 Rather, Chinese policy reflected a

in Limiting institutions?

traditionally had been about the attainment of a well-defined political objective. The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, in contrast, appeared to be an attack on American cultural and political hegemony, and an effort to galvanise a new pan-Islamic anti-western identity rather than a serious effort to make the United States withdraw its forces from Saudi Arabia or reduce its support for Israel. Moreover, Bin Laden and al-Qaeda denied responsibility in the hope that anonymity would enable them to avoid retribution. All that was lacking from the worst

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Europe’s ‘zero hour’

1 1945: Europe’s ‘zero hour’ History teaches us that men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted 1 all other alternatives. (Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat) Summary At the end of World War II, Germany – formerly the dominant power in continental Europe – found itself under the occupation of the victorious powers: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and France. Although tensions would soon arise between the two emerging superpowers – the United States and the Soviet Union – and lead to the division of Europe into two hostile blocs, the

in Destination Europe