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The reception of Christianity not mysterious, 1696–1702

‘Knowledge’ in the Essay (Book IV Chapter xviii). Toland, on the other hand, was to collapse Locke’s distinction by the assertion that ‘Faith is knowledge’.61 Both men pursued a resolution to the perennial debate about the legitimate ‘rule of faith’ in questions of religious belief. Locke set out to resolve a specific theological enquiry with philosophical tools: his objective was to provide a level of functional theological certainty for the true believer. Toland, as we will see, was concerned with epistemological certainty too, but the context for the performance of that

in Republican learning

AR LIFE-COUR SE IMPER ATIVE 37 In Julius Roth’s study of the temporal experiences of patients in hospital, Roth was particularly interested in how the structure of time imposes certainty and predictability upon the trajectories of hospitalized patients: One way to structure uncertainty is to structure the time period through which uncertain events occur. Such a structure must usually be developed from information gathered from the experience of others who have gone or are going through the same series of events. As a result of comparisons, norms develop for the

in A table for one
Meanings, Limits, Manifestations

consequence of the subject's desire for confirmation of its independence and self-certainty is that other subjects it encounters will resist extending recognition, because they too wish to claim their own independence. Self and other initially encounter each other as adversaries. This mutual resistance first precipitates a ‘life-and-death’ confrontation by which each self-consciousness seeks the destruction

in Recognition and Global Politics
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documents and, amid the uncertainty of their new life, found certainty in religion. Most states across the region positioned Islam centrally, with the Sharia 99 The dawla and the umma 99 serving as a source of laws within constitutions, yet religion also plays an important role in regulating behaviour through the establishment of a normative code that believers subscribe to. To understand how religion is used within contemporary politics we must begin by engaging with a dichotomy that shaped interactions between Islam and politics in the formative stages of state

in Houses built on sand
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Some philosophical obstacles and their resolution

eloquently advocated; there is religious pluralism of the type developed in Locke’s famous Letters on Toleration, according to which even if there is religious truth it cannot be established with certainty, let alone enforced on those who do not accept it; there is the pluralism of tastes and preferences that belongs to the aesthetic and personal realm to which our moral values are conflated. But what is common to all these versions is that the toleration they call for is always justified by some form of denial or weakening of the objective MCK11 1/10/2003 198 10:35 AM

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
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liminal and uncertain social position. The liminal stage, as Turner (1969) notes, is characterized by ambiguity and inversion resulting from an anomaly wherein people slip through networks of classification. While marriage is commonly regarded as a charted and planned passage, permanent or prolonged singlehood is often viewed as an emergent, unplanned life trajectory. Thus, the above quoted paragraph conveys certainty and uncertainty at the same time. The writer predicts that it is just a “question of time” until she finds her one, but she has no knowledge as to where

in A table for one
The case of mitochondrial transfer

moral argument available in favour of the procedure. Taking this line allows the supporter of liberalisation to turn the claim about the role of the state in protecting citizens from risk on its head. The question then becomes one not so much of whether we should liberalise the regulations, as about what a reasonable level of certainty concerning the safety of the procedure is. Yet how we should establish what is reasonable is a puzzle in itself, there being no obvious rubric for settling the matter. One might be tempted to appeal to an ideal of open debate, the

in The freedom of scientific research
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3 Nothing has changed Mladen Dolar In Whoroscope, one of his first published texts, the poem which won a poetry competition in 1930, Beckett aims an elaborate blow at Descartes. There is the philosopher of the methodical reduction, the reduction of all supports in the outside world, in perception, in the body, reduction of all supports in questionable inner certainties, safe traditions and evident truths, reduction of both contingency and necessity, external and internal, in order to arrive to the minimal point of certainty, the firm rock of cogito, the prop of

in Beckett and nothing

nicely with Beckett’s musical tastes and his own aesthetics of failure. In Dream, two snippets of musical notation appear in the text, both slight adaptations of a phrase from the first movement of Beethoven’s Seventh Symphony. The extract comes from the end of the climax that develops after the exuberant tutti statement of the vivace main theme; it interrupts with a sudden sforzando low C sharp held by strings alone. Overall, the sense of propulsion is by no means diverted – the interruption is brief – but something of the previous certainty is lost: the apparently

in Beckett and nothing
Can performance care?

policies and practices. In particular, it challenges the primacy of a priori moral structures. In other words, as one who cares, if I recognise that I am improvising, even if I am doing so with great skill, I cannot be complacent or smug in moral knowledge as is the case for the epistemological and ethical certainty found in Western philosophy. Improvisational care implies a more egalitarian approach to the caring relationship just as it suggests humility and mutual respect. Caring improvisation is a means of describing caring practice, broadly construed to include

in Performing care