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Open Access (free)
The Second World War and the Balkan Historikerstreit
David Bruce MacDonald

the proposition that, ‘the conflict is constituted in the present, and that “history” is a resource in the contemporary struggle’.1 Peter Novick has also identified this process in his understanding of ‘collective memory’, arguing that present concerns, and not just the ‘past working its will on the present’, determine what aspects of history will be used by historians and when.2 In other words, history responds to present needs – there are no eternal immutable laws that govern how the process operates. Contrary to Anthony Smith’s position, however, history as a

in Balkan holocausts?
Martin MacGregor

of extempore verse which seem to have lodged themselves with proverbial force within the collective memory.59 Here 204 The genealogical histories of Gaelic Scotland we remember Màrtainn Martin’s observation on the Western Isles that ‘the natives are generally ingenious and quick of apprehension . . . several of both sexes have a gift of poesy, and are able to form a satire or panegyric ex tempore’.60 Alasdair Campbell also alludes to ‘extemporary rhymeing, a thing much in use among the Highlanders’, 61 and provides representative instances of rhymes and proverbs

in The spoken word
Open Access (free)
Ben Okri, Chenjerai Hove, Dambudzo Marechera
Elleke Boehmer

, travels to the city on a quest for her guerrilla son, and is killed, presumed murdered by agents of the state. Her prospective daughter-in-law Janifa mourns her, is raped and becomes mad. When at the end of the novel Marita’s son finally returns (though he may be merely an apparition in Janifa’s distressed mind), Janifa rejects him. In contrast with the brute reality described by these social relations, which occur both before and after the always implicit moment of Zimbabwean independence, it is evident that collective memory based in the oral tradition, and enacted in

in Stories of women
Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America
Jeremy C.A. Smith

phenomenological condition of solitude might be a kind of cultural endowment of the Conquest, religion via liberation theology could hermeneutically construct another collective memory, connecting the living in protest at the violent and disordered past. In this respect, liberation theology should be seen as a modernist movement relating past and present (Lowy, 1996). Liberationists expanded the repertoire of Christianity by stimulating questions of ethics in base Christian communities. Constant reinterpretation of scripture against the backdrop of present-​day conditions put

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Bill Schwarz

men’. 52 The contrast with Kenyatta is striking. From his first years in London, in 1929 and then again in 1932, Kenyatta adopted the role of colonial gentleman, aspiring to all things English. 53 By 1938, in a complex transformation, Kenyatta jettisoned this persona and refigured himself as Gikuyu native, repository of the collective memory of his people. This was most evident in the frontispiece to

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Potentials of disorder in the Caucasus and Yugoslavia
Jan Koehler and Christoph Zürcher

be shared in the future – in modern parlance, a ‘collective memory’ – is not necessary for reconciliation, and its expectation may in fact awaken counterproductive drives to recover a lost whole or to produce a harmonious community. Instead, in order to reconcile, different subjects must agree only to share a present, a present that is non-repetitive. Politics of intersubjectivity may be 18 Introduction reached through the retribution of justice in judicial processes holding perpetrators publicly accountable for their deeds. The case studies presented here

in Potentials of disorder
Problems of polysemy and idealism
Andrew Sayer

, Sage. Marquand, D (1988), The Unprincipled Society, London, Fontana. Marx, K. (1975), Early Writings (Harmondsworth: Penguin). Misztal, B. A. (1996), Trust in Modern Societies, Cambridge, Polity. Offe, C. and Heinz, R. G. (1992), Beyond Employment, trans. A. Braley, Cambridge, Polity. O’Neill, J. (1994), Ecology, Policy and Politics, London, Routledge. Polanyi, K. (1944), The Great Transformation, New York, Beacon Press. Rothstein, B. (no date), ‘Trust, social dilemmas and collective memories’, mimeo. Sanghera, B. S. (1998), ‘The social embeddedness of markets: the

in Market relations and the competitive process
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

peers was extremely limited. The party had also been severely affected by an incident in 1988 which was to spell the ultimate demise of the political role of the hereditary peerage. The incident entered the collective memory of the Labour party so that, when they returned to power, it was hardly surprising that it should occupy their immediate attention. In 1988 Margaret Thatcher’s government was trying to force through legislation to introduce the poll tax into local government. The poll tax was extremely controversial, being seen in many quarters as unfair as it was

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
History, legend and memory in John Sayles’ Lone Star
Neil Campbell

Walter Benjamin, One-Way Street (London: Verso, 1997), p. 352. 5 George Lipsitz, Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture . (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1990), pp. 24–5. 6 Lipsitz, Time Passages , p. 27

in Memory and popular film
Open Access (free)
Vaccine policy and production in Japan
Julia Yongue

the collective memories of some public health administrators; however, because the incident received so little mention in the press, it was never able to serve as a platform for a wider national debate on PVL or the risks associated with vaccination. While responsibility for the tragedy could easily be placed on the severity of SCAP's vaccination policies, evidence suggests a certain degree of complicity on the part of Japanese health policy

in The politics of vaccination