Open Access (free)
From critical theory to technical politics
Graeme Kirkpatrick

. The third chapter turns to Feenberg’s concept of technical politics, which, as I have suggested above, is perhaps his central theoretical innovation. The idea of technical politics involves a further theoretical synthesis, this time of social constructivism with Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe’s ( 1985 ) theory of hegemony and radical democracy. In a number of influential works published in the 1980s, scholars in the new discipline of science and technology studies (STS) established the notion that social groups shape technologies by competing to attach their own

in Technical politics
Constructing environmental (in)justice
Anneleen Kenis

February 10, 2020). DAVIES & MAH 9781526137029 PRINT.indd 299 08/06/2020 15:32 300 Expanding citizen science Kuchinskaya, O. 2014. The Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health after Chernobyl. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Latour, B. 2004. Why has critique run out of steam? From matters of fact to matters of concern. Critical Inquiry, 30, 225–248. Leake, J. 2014. Toxic air monitors may be scrapped. Sunday Times, December 28, 9. Lievens, M. and Kenis, A. 2018. Social constructivism and beyond: On the double bind between politics and science

in Toxic truths
Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck’s concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology
Monika Milosavljević

both formal and informal discussions within the scientific community, can be visualised as a comprehensive unit to be analysed. Although ANT utilises a wide vocabulary in order to surmount such a complex issue, its vocabulary is frequently misused and misunderstood in its application. As to avoid this pitfall, this case study has disregarded Latour’s expansive œuvre in favour of concentrating on his early work, particularly the birth of social constructivism ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 22 03/12/2019 08:56 How archaeological communities think23 in the post

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Chris Millard

, Joelle Abi-Rached and Ilina Singh, among many others. 54 Instead, my point here is to show that this shift towards friendlier cooperation between the life sciences and the human sciences is exposing the foundations of the old regime. This constructivism is not a denial of biology, as Steven Pinker has argued in his influential work The Blank Slate . 55 As Chris Renwick notes, Pinker disregards the fact that many social scientists simply have a different notion of the

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
From “mathematical jewel” to cultural connector
Pedro M. P. Raposo

of the Optical Planetarium and a Brief Guide to the Museum . Chicago : The Lakeside Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Co . Golinski , J. ( [1998] 2005 ). Making Natural Knowledge: Constructivism and the History of Science . Chicago, London : The University of Chicago Press . Gunther , R. T. ( 1932 ). The Astrolabes of the World, based upon the series of instruments in the Lewis

in Migrants shaping Europe, past and present
Open Access (free)
Caroline Rusterholz

, 1990). Another body of scholarship has focused on the social construction of medical knowledge. But some historians have failed to analyse scientific practices and procedures in medicine, or to recognise that male bodies were also pathologised. See in particular C. Benninghaus, ‘Beyond constructivism?: Gender, medicine and the early history of sperm analysis, Germany 1870–1900’, Gender & History , 24:3 (2012), pp. 647–76. 10 H

in Women’s medicine
Open Access (free)
The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis
Ami Pedahzur

State’s law authorities over the right to settle the conquered territories. 38 By the same token, Gush Emunim, which in due course gave rise to the Jewish terrorist organisation (subsequently known as the ‘Jewish Underground’), represented the most prominent example of loyalty to the State and to the premiss of radical Jewish constructivism. Leaders of the movement and their supporters held the belief that their intentions and actions were aimed at empowering the State and not to cause it harm. And, indeed, despite the fact that in its first years of operation

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Jeremy Waldron

for others? Even the building-block image doesn’t really help. If I have three stones with which to finish the wall, and it is the case, first, that A and B will fit in, so long as the rather more angular C is excluded, and, secondly, that B and C will fit in, so long as a spheroid A is excluded, which is to be thrown away: A or C? Whose irregularity, asperity, and stubbornness is the problem here? 13 J. Rawls, ‘Kantian constructivism’, Journal of Philosophy, 77:9 (1980) 515–72, at p. 543, and pp. 521–2. 14 Rawls, Theory of Justice, p. 31. See also Political

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Yulia Karpova

emphasised through a schematic outline of a deer. The body of porcelain depicts the animal body; thus, the ‘honesty’ of the material is embodied in the decoration’s subject. The objects produced in the early 1960s at the Leningrad Factory of Artistic Glass similarly demonstrate variations of contrast. Artistic glass of the Khrushchev era is often associated with simple transparent vessels, unornamented or with minimal geometric ornament. Boris Smirnov, a versatile artist and designer with experience of 1920s Constructivism, who joined the Leningrad Factory of Artistic

in Comradely objects
Open Access (free)
Johan Östling

renouncing its heritage altogether. To them, Humboldt could be put forward as an alternative to the prevailing tendencies of the time. Obviously, then, the historical tradition may be adduced both for and against an existing order. The new, historicising research on the Humboldtian tradition that has taken shape during the last twenty years has adopted a kind of critical constructivism. Paletschek has spoken of ‘the invention of the Humboldtian university’; an important scholarly anthology was given the name Mythos Humboldt; and the designation ‘the Humboldt myth’ has been

in Humboldt and the modern German university