Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

’. What makes that assertion particularly shocking is its positive portrayal of the First World War, and its blithe acceptance of the deaths of nearly 20 million people (half of them civilians) and the maiming of several million more. That such slaughter can be cited publicly as an example of respect for IHL without an immediate backlash shows how easily IHL can be reconciled with mass killings, provided they can be classified as ‘military necessities’. Should we just dispense

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

responses. Negotiations here take on their full meaning, far beyond simplistic visions of the notion of community. While the latter is introduced as a maze of at times diverging interests, negotiations are seen as a crucial step in securing consent. These appear all the more essential at a time when the responders to the Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo were confronted with multiple security incidents, including attacks on health centres and the deaths and kidnappings of health professionals

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

first review the latter’s greatest achievement. Global Precarity A characteristic of late-modernity, at least in relation to the global North, 3 is what Nikolas Rose has called the ‘death of the social’ ( Rose, 1996 ). This demise is usually equated with the roll-back of the welfare state. Originally meant as a collective insurance-based shield against market forces, since the 1980s the welfare state has been residualised through means-testing, privatisation, cuts and the politics of austerity. Companies and businesses, however

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

by beliefs about differential levels of threat. Analysis of the data on attacks on aid workers mostly focuses on trends in the absolute numbers of attacks, comparing them across time and across country operating contexts. 3 To the extent that comparisons are made based on estimates of the rates of attacks on aid workers, these comparisons are with on-the-job death rates in hazardous civilian professions in the United States ( Stoddard

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

humanitarian efforts. It is not focused on the direct humanitarian impact of sanctions on the North Korean people. A report published by advocacy campaign Korea Peace Now (2019) estimates that 3,968 preventable North Korean deaths occurred due to sanctions delays and lack of funding. The figure is derived from analysis of proposed UN agency programming that could not go forward due to delays and funding, but rests on several assumptions including on agency capacity and, though not made explicit in the report, on death rates being comparable to other countries (see

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

tolerate suffering and death from poverty and it could use science and technology to mould and manipulate human behaviour without the use of brute physical violence. But liberals, true to the logic of their liberalism, baulk at overt and explicit killing and suppression of dissent. In other words, they have a problem with violence and a penchant for achieving their ends by other means (in the main, by using the law). It is characteristic of our era that we have tried to tell a story about human moral progress in the last two hundred years that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

, they have been under constant and targeted attack as part of the weaponisation strategy of the GoS ( Fouad et al. , 2017 ). During the peaceful uprising, anyone found to be assisting wounded demonstrators or activists was prosecuted, tortured and sometimes killed. In 2012 the GoS effectively criminalised medical neutrality through anti-terrorism legislation that allowed prosecution of those treating demonstrators injured by government forces ( Fouad et al. , 2017 ). Doctors working in government hospitals were forced to misfile the cause of death of bodies of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

cause of death among aid workers? While that was probably true in the 1990s, the logistical management of vehicle pools, driver training and respect for traffic rules (speed, seatbelts and car maintenance) had improved, as the ‘Aid Worker Security Database’ ( Humanitarian Outcomes , n.d.) demonstrated. Moreover, I found only a few car accidents in our archives, though it was likely that not all the incidents had been reported. In fact, one of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

and mitigate sexual violence in particular. Aid Security and Securitising Aid The foreword to Save the Children’s (2010 : vii) guidance begins: ‘The tragic deaths of our aid worker colleagues in recent years highlight the unprecedented levels of hostility and violence to which we are increasingly exposed in the course of our work.’ Recorded attacks on aid workers nearly doubled between 1997 and 2005 and sharply increased between 2006

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

: The Life and Death of the Resilient Subject ’, Resilience , 1 : 2 , 83 – 98 . Gander , K. ( 2016 ), ‘ The Designers Trying to Help Victims of the Refugee Crisis by Building Apps and Shelters ’, Independent , 30 June . Hartley

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs