The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

8 Display, concealment and ‘culture’: the disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide Nigel Eltringham Introduction In their ethnography of violent conflict, ‘cultures of terror’ 1 and genocide, anthropologists have recognized that violence is discursive. The victim’s body is a key vehicle of that discourse. In contexts of inter-ethnic violence, for example, ante-mortem degradation and/or post-mortem mutilation are employed to transform the victim’s body into a representative example of the ethnic category, the manipulation of the body enabling the

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Lorenzo Ferrarini and Nicola Scaldaferri

, organise action, take control of festivals or reaffirm local identities. Our approach, which we term ‘sonic ethnography’ and describe in chapter 1 , is based on thirty years of fieldwork by a researcher native to the region (Scaldaferri), and on research combined with a work of photographic interpretation which has developed over two decades (by Ferrarini). It reveals how during such sound events tradition is made and disrupted, power struggles take place, and communities are momentarily brought together in shared temporality and space. Our more general objective is

in Sonic ethnography
Open Access (free)
Films of re-enactment in the post-war period
Paul Henley

In the ethnographic film-making that took place in the twenty years following the Second World War, the documentation paradigm continued to predominate, at least in the English-speaking world. The moving image camera was still primarily thought of, not as a means for making documentary films, but rather as a recording device that should be used to gather visual data in the most objective possible fashion. The interest in salvage ethnography also continued unabated, owing to an intensification of the political and economic processes responsible

in Beyond observation
Open Access (free)
Senses of country living in a Basque-speaking village
Kepa Fernández De Larrinoa

to the images they have created of the city and its inhabitants, whose changing cultural referents I explain below. As the urban industrial workshops became established in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the city gradually displaced the woods and mountains as the place from which the images that reinforce the peasant’s self, its difference, and its positive identity were generated. Ethnographic research from the early twentieth century, such as that of Barandiarán and others, shows that legends and myths, along with geographical features, rock

in Alternative countrysides
Open Access (free)
Transgressing the cordon sanitaire: understanding the English Defence League as a social movement
Hilary Pilkington

relation to empirical evidence of rising ‘Islamophobia’ among the wider UK population. The chapter describes the ethnographic approach adopted in the book, which is distinguished by a focus not on organisational structure and ideology but individual activists. The analytic emphasis on the meanings individuals attach to activism, it is argued, not only brings insight into how politics 2 Loud and proud: passion and politics in the EDL and passion are intertwined in the movement but, in so doing, may open avenues for challenging prejudices and stereotypes that constrain

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
The autonomous life?
Nazima Kadir

. This book is an ethnographic study of the internal dynamics of a subcultural community that defines itself as a social movement. While the majority of scholarly studies on this movement focus on its official face, on its front stage, I am concerned with a series of ideological and practical paradoxes at work within the micro-social dynamics of the backstage, an area that has so far been neglected in social movement studies. The central question, which I explore from a variety of angles, is how hierarchy and

in The autonomous life?
Reinventing depression among Rio de Janeiro urban dwellers
Leandro David Wenceslau and Francisco Ortega

blocks, or even metres, of hills lacking even basic sanitation, with low income and educational levels. Between 1996 and 2008 the Gini coefficient for social inequality remained stable in Rio de Janeiro and poverty levels actually increased, in contrast to the picture at the national level, where both poverty and inequality rates reduced during this period (Neri, 2010 ). This chapter analyses recent transformations in public mental health care in Rio de Janeiro from an ethnographic perspective. At the heart of these transformations was the significant expansion of

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Ontological coordination and the assessment of consistency in asylum requests
Bruno Magalhães

. Pandora’s Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies , Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press. Latour, B., 2010. The Making of Law: An Ethnography of the Conseil d’État , Cambridge: Polity. Law, J., 1987. ‘Technology and Heterogeneous Engineering: The Case of Portuguese Expansion’, in W. E. Bijker, T. P. Hughes, T. Pinch, and D. G. Douglas, eds, The

in Security/ Mobility
A sociology of the amateur
Geneviève Teil and Antoine Hennion

of goods, nor is it a competence of people. The work presented here is based on comparative ethnographical observations of wine amateurs and gourmets, on the one hand, and music lovers on the other. The comparison of music and wine or food was aimed at providing evidence about the relationship between the amateur and what she or he likes, beyond native self-descriptions that always insist on the radical specificity of each object of love. One of the crucial challenges, if one wants to respect the variety of amateurs’ practices, is to be able to analytically display

in Qualities of food
Owen Davies

emphasizing the link between the prevalence of witchcraft beliefs and levels of religiosity generally. Both historical and ethnographic sources provide ample evidence that people can think in terms of witchcraft without being devoutly religious. The continued belief in witchcraft in modern French society, and elsewhere, needs, therefore, to be analysed within a framework of socio-cultural trends rather than

in Witchcraft Continued