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THIS BOOK’S ARGUMENT takes as its point of departure the question of how to promote humanrights observance in international life. The whole complex business of international humanrights promotion is not approached here as a particularly ‘innocent’ enterprise. On the contrary, the various philosophical and ethical claims of rights promotion, its actual as well as proclaimed political functions, outcomes and implications – what could be summed up as the ‘virtue’ of the enterprise in entirety or in part – can be readily questioned from many