Open Access (free)
Postcolonial women writers in a transnational frame

context suggests, Vera is concerned throughout The Stone Virgins heavily to qualify the valorised meanings of ‘independence’, ‘nation’, ‘land’, by plunging her characters without apparent explanation into horrifying situations of civil conflict and physical torture. Even the shreds of idealism that in the earlier novel clung to these terms are obliterated. The mutilated Nonceba, Thenjiwe’s younger sister, alone survives the agonies inflicted upon the community. For the rest, the expectations of independence, with which Mahlatini the store-owner fully identified, are

in Stories of women
Open Access (free)

observing the competitive nature of international politics and concluding that realism rather than idealism Vic08 10/15/03 10:25 PM CONCLUSION Page 195 195 must be the guide’.5 Thus, for some in the Labour Party, collective security should be sought through the United Nations, whereas for others, collective security is assured through the establishment of NATO. For some in the Labour Party, disarmament is a tenet of faith, and should be sought at all times, whereas for others, disarmament is desirable in principle but unrealisable in practice because of the

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1

Columbia, named for the painter, and the Pauline Johnson Chapter named for the native Canadian poet. In an annual ceremony members placed daffodils, her favourite flower, on her monument in Stanley Park, and then took tea. 75 In their promotion of Anglo-Canadian identity, chapter names evoked a sense of idealism, of a romantic chivalry that extended to the dramatic idea of being a Daughter of the Empire

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)

and practice after 1940 was therefore a combination of idealism and exploitation. In the wake of the 1940 CDW Act, the Colonial Office made a commitment to the development of secondary industry in the Caribbean. L. J. Butler remains the only historian to have considered in any detail the Colonial Office’s policy for industrialisation. 28 His focus was on the drive for import-substitution industries in West Africa and no account exists of plans for the British Caribbean. Indeed, historians of the Caribbean generally deny that Britain ever had such a vision. The

in Science at the end of empire
Problems of polysemy and idealism

2 Markets, embeddedness and trust: problems of polysemy and idealism Andrew Sayer Introduction In this paper I develop a critique of certain approaches to markets and firm behaviour in economics and economic sociology. There are two main targets of the critique. The first concerns some common approaches to markets and the nature of firms in relation to them. Here I argue that the diverse uses of the term ‘market’ in contemporary lay and academic discourse cause confusion. Also problematic in both mainstream and institutional economics is the tendency to treat

in Market relations and the competitive process

’experience of the novels, his version of chivalric romance embodies a very real relationship between Scott and the Civil War as elements unassimilable in the redaction of an American post-Romantic ideology of nationhood – an embodiment that itself exemplifies a wider problem of the failure of idealism, the loss of ‘purity’, for nineteenth-century American writers.57 22 Susan Manning Notes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Walter Scott, Ivanhoe [1820], ed. Graham Tulloch, The Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley novels, Vol. 8, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press

in Special relationships
The case for practice theory

practice theory moves beyond the moment of enactment, the actants involved, moments of translation or the assembled network. Instead, the focus lies on historically informed human action (practices not practice) – what people do – with the practices carried out as constitutive of social order (Giddens, 1984) – and not the individuals or maps directly. Extending practice theory, Swidler’s (2001) proposal for a focus on bodilyinscribed (embodied) action is a useful addition. She avoids idealism-­materialism dualisms to focus on practices simultaneously in two directions

in Time for mapping
Open Access (free)

was drawn to the war by a belief that it was a noble cause in which a heroic generation was sacrificing itself for the good of all.32 It was only later that she realised that ‘naïve idealism … had been both the virtue and the fatal weakness of her generation’.33 Brittain herself commented in her later autobiography, Testament of Experience, that her experience in the ‘German Ward’ had set her on the path to pacifism and work for the League of Nations.34 In Testament of Youth, she recalled the vulnerability of her German prisoner-patients, and her sense of a common

in Nurse Writers of the Great War

constitutive indeterminacy whereby Spivak’s gestures towards historical particularity ambiguously affirm both a contingent materialism and an absolute idealism. European history happens to coincide with the hegemony of imperialism, such that the sum total of European history is inextricable from an imperialist trajectory that continues in overdetermined ways to control the conditions of contemporary cultural and intellectual production. At the same time, it seems, the designation ‘imperialism’ applies to the conditions of narrative, representation and knowledge production

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Language, lies and the crisis of representation in Such a Long Journey

State of Emergency. Likewise, the existence or otherwise of a spiritual realm of ideal forms is not really the issue. Rather, Mistry appears to understand the necessity of some form of idealism to the whole concept of life’s journey: whether it be an ideal of family life, of which the Noble unit inevitably falls short, or the belief that politics ought to be motivated by a sense of social responsibility and altruism instead of self-interest and corruption. Typical of Mistry’s attitude to human belief systems – that they are a bulwark against contingency and chaos – is

in Rohinton Mistry