Open Access (free)
The natural world
Christopher Morgan

chapter3 28/1/05 1:27 pm Page 49 3 ‘Green asylum’: the natural world Introduction William Scammell, in the ‘Introduction’ to his anthology This Green Earth: A Celebration of Nature Poetry (1992), writes that For the earliest men and women, and perhaps for some remote tribes still today, nature was not so much an environment (a word that didn’t get itself invented until the nineteenth century, and grew tall with the advent of Darwinism) as the ground of being. Consequently ideas of appreciating, loving, conserving or exploiting it hardly arose. It was simply

in R. S. Thomas
Kant
Andrew Bowie

beauty to natural teleology, the purposiveness of individual organisms and the possible purposiveness of nature as a whole. In doing so, however, it threatens to undermine essential tenets of the first two Critiques. The third Critique is not least significant because of the ways in which it informs subsequent attempts in German Idealism to integrate Kant’s philosophy into an overall system, some of which give a major role to aesthetics. The CJ has, furthermore, become increasingly important in contemporary discussions of Kant’s work, appealing on the one hand to those

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

Part III Being One of the ongoing attractions of anarchism is that it constantly raises questions about the nature of being in ways often sidelined or suppressed by other political perspectives. Why do people rebel against authority? Why do they also feel compelled to offer alternative solutions to collective problems through co-operation? How interrelated or separate are humans from nature, as well as from very different human cultures? To what extent are technological systems creating new forms of identity which are not necessarily liberatory? How can one

in Changing anarchism
The St Vincent and the Grenadines context
Philip Nanton

(embodying the ‘wild’: nature, chaos and that which needed to be tamed); the planters’ and intellectuals’ fear of the land returning to bush; and, in contrast, a growing lyricism in response to the beauty of the environment in its wild state. At a practical level, the colonial authorities in St Vincent were anxious to improve the society and protect it from contamination by wild

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

movement is little more than a current fad, or whether we are all ‘green’ now. POINTS TO CONSIDER Can the origins of the ecological movement be realistically traced back to the eighteenth or nineteenth century? How far is ecologism a political ideology and how far a quasi-religious faith? How far is the green view of man’s place in nature a valid one? Are the greens correct to adopt such negative

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Jane Eyre in Elizabeth Stoddard’s New England
Anne-Marie Ford

are also explored by Sue Zlosnik and Avril Horner in their essay on the work of Djuna Barnes and Evelyn Waugh (Chapter 11). In adapting the Gothic mode, Brontë not only focuses on the sexual nature of women and male oppression, but also on class categories, reflecting a deeply embedded nineteenth-century preoccupation, one that was a focus for Gothic writers, not least Hawthorne. Stoddard employs elements of the Gothic to render the sexually powerful and dominant male, resonant of the slave owners of the American South, as well as current debates regarding women

in Special relationships
Andrew Bowie

. Concern with the possibility that philosophy has been the source of a repressive failure to engage with the radically ‘other’ is, of course, the reason for the extensive attention to the aesthetic in such thinkers. The question which is decisive for the present book, is, therefore, the relationship of aesthetics to rationality. The Idealist hopes for an integration of the subject into a new conception of nature that would harmonise what we know with what we should do give way later in the nineteenth century to a much more fraught view of the subject in relation to the

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Norbert Steinhaus

17 Pollution levels in local lakes in Denmark Norbert Steinhaus Context The Danish Society for the Conservation of Nature (DN) of Frederikssund is a local committee of a national NGO working towards protecting nature and the environment. DN Frederikssund addresses local issues regarding the protection of nature and the environment to achieve local sustainable development. It initiates local campaigns, participates in political hearings and comments on the municipality’s environmental strategies and plans. In the mid-1990s, DN Frederikssund became aware of

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Gary Banham

readings. The historicist orientation in criticism has had a long vogue despite the general recognition of the real problems that such concentration has, not least in accounting for its own conditions of possibility.2 The real reason for the continuing production of works that present an opposition between ‘contextual’ reading and aesthetics is a wide acceptance that aesthetic accounts of works do not involve historical considerations.3 I would like therefore here to present an account of aesthetic criticism that makes clear the nature of its historical purchase. This

in The new aestheticism
Open Access (free)
Defences advanced in early modern sodomy trials in Geneva
William G. Naphy

suggest a final sentence. Once the Lieutenant was satisfied that there was no more information to be gained, he would prepare a summary of the case for the city’s supreme magisterial council.5 The Senate would then draft an official sentence, which would be read out in public. As these cases involved numerous interrogations often spread over weeks, there is a substantial body of material. More importantly, the verbatim nature of the records allows one to watch the case developing and to hear the dialogue between the magistrates, seeking evidence of guilt, and the

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700