Search results

You are looking at 41 - 50 of 62 items for :

  • Manchester University Press Journals x
Clear All
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

-size-fits-all interventions, humanitarian agencies should constantly change organisational form according to the nature of the emergency involved. This requires situating the design process within the lived experience of all key actors. Apart from those directly affected by the disaster, this includes the practitioners working within the system as well as those actors ancillary to it ( ibid .: 48). The aim is to identify the key ‘touch points’ that offer the least resistance to reform. To illustrate the ideal process, HPG has constructed a number of behavioural

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

to accepted levels of safety informed by a probabilistic analysis of risk. However, in the context of this discussion and the normal everyday vocabulary of the sector, ‘safe’ is understood to mean engineered to withstand most of the hazards that nature will throw at it, and built to an acceptable quality. It might also imply that it has been built to comply with codes, standards or guidelines. In a humanitarian response, need always outstrips limited resources. Inevitably, hard decisions must be made that hinge on a balance between quality and quantity: a few

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James
,
Joseph Grace Kasereka
, and
Shelley Lees

political and historical context of the region as well as the recent epidemic response. We then examine three local debates surrounding the DRC-EB-001 trial: the fact it was a second vaccine; its selected locations; and the experimental nature of the vaccine itself. In the third section, the article examines how local debates surrounding the DRC-EB-001 trial were situated in concerns about inequality and exclusion in a tense political environment, as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
What Lessons Can Be Drawn from Case Studies in France, the United States and Madagascar?
Hugo Carnell

), ‘ Zoonotic Semiotics: Plague Narratives and Vanishing Signs in Madagascar ’, Medical Anthropology Quarterly , 33 : 1 , 42 – 59 , doi: 10.1111/maq.12487 . Spyrou , M. A. , et al. ( 2019 ), ‘ Phylogeography of the Second Plague Pandemic Revealed through Analysis of Historical Yersinia pestis Genomes ’, Nature

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

types of force. But, first of all, it is necessary to remember that the mission in Haiti was not a Brazilian initiative. It wasn’t just an operation authorised by the UN; it was an operation of the UN. It was blue helmets who were there – different from Iraq or interventions of that nature. Much of the criticism has come from the Brazilian Left. I think the more structural critique, about whether it was right to be there, is debatable. Firstly, [Haitian President Jean-Bertrand] Aristide was practising violence, supporting militias. Secondly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo
,
Elena Estrada Cocina
,
Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert
,
Raquel González Juarez
, and
Ana Garcia Mingo

decentralised nature of governance in Spain led to poor coordination and cohesion between central government and autonomous communities and resulted in late and unclear decision-making processes. Likewise, there was a lack of coordination between care homes and epidemiological surveillance systems (the test and trace programmes were initially absent or very limited), as well as between primary and specialist health care and between care homes and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

, but it also illustrates the systemic nature of abuse within the aid sector. As a humanitarian actor, Van Hauwermeiren moved from Liberia, to Chad, to Haiti, to Bangladesh; from Merlin, to Oxfam, to AAH. This is not uncommon: the networks of humanitarian organisations working on overlapping causes in similar regions means that the number of employees, contractors, consultants and specialists moving between different NGOs is high. But it means that this behaviour is relatively easy

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Writing about Personal Experiences of Humanitarianism
Róisín Read
,
Tony Redmond
, and
Gareth Owen

humanitarian endeavour. TR: I was put off humanitarian memoirs, particularly medical ones, because of my perception of their uncritical nature – the white saviour complex they promote and reinforce. I wanted to avoid these traps but at the same time not hide the bravery and essential goodness behind the work of many. In particular, I wanted to avoid the infantilisation of the recipient and bring them forward in the narrative as much as I could. GO: I only had a limited exposure to humanitarian memoir before I began writing the book, but what I had read seemed to focus

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

rights violations was seen as an act of complicity. However, over the years, as the nature of humanitarian intervention has changed, considerations of access have outweighed the impulse to speak out: post-1989, humanitarians no longer work at the margins of conflicts, but directly inside conflict zones, which pits public critiques directly against the host government’s position. Not surprisingly, MSF’s most visible example of témoignage recently

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Visual Politics and Narratives of Red Cross Museums in Europe and the United States, 1920s to 2010s
Sönke Kunkel

founding of those new institutions: the rise of corporate museums; the changing nature of museums across Europe’s cultural landscape; the ‘history boom’ of the 1980s; and the local history movement. Corporate museums were not a new thing by the time Red Cross museums opened in Geneva, the UK, and Germany, but they had seen a remarkable upswing since the 1960s and demonstrated that museums could be a useful tool of public outreach for organizations ( Danilov, 1992

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs