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The restructuring of work in Germany
Louise Amoore

almost exclusively to the level of individual workplaces and firms, the German debate has been more difficult for political players to constrain and limit. The German programme has relied upon the involvement and participation of the social partners in a kind of flexi-corporatism of traded bargains in order to embed restructuring within regulatory frameworks. Where we see the formulation of apparently hyperflexible deregulatory policies, these are subject to the tumult of industrial relations practices, and are frequently abandoned or moderated beyond recognition. This

in Globalisation contested
Why China survived the financial crisis
Shalendra D. Sharma

direction. China needs to create a capital market to supplement the role of banks in the allocation of capital. Bonds can serve as a more effective instrument than bank loans in providing long-term capital for infrastructure and other projects with long gestation periods. Moreover, equity markets can supplement bank financing for enterprises, thereby enabling them to achieve a more balanced financing structure. Yet it is also important to note that much more in the shape of both funds and strengthening of the supervisory and regulatory framework is needed.45 Since early

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

increasingly involved in the development of the post-war international order. While Winston Churchill had felt that questions of the post-war settlement should not distract attention from the prosecution of the war, it had been the Labour ministers who had responded to the American plans for the establishment of a multilateral regime.7 These men also embraced the new economic thinking embodied by Keynes, who had been a crucial figure in the agreements reached at Bretton Woods. Thus, Labour’s ideas for a new, more regulatory, framework for international relations coincided

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Open Access (free)
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

uncertainty with regard to future regulation. A viable climate policy based on clear targets and mandatory policy instruments can reduce uncertainty, create regulatory pressure and grant market opportunities for companies. Reduction in uncertainty concerning future options is particularly important for the oil industry, which earns its livelihood from non-renewable resources expected to run out sometime in the future. Predictability in regulatory frameworks is important when oil companies make decisions on their own climate targets, abatement measures or investments in

in Climate change and the oil industry
Mia-Marie Hammarlin

Scott and Lyman, ultimately aim to renegotiate individual responsibility by mitigating 156Exposed and alleviating it (Scott and Lyman 1968:47). The point of departure in Levinas’s philosophy, or view of life, is in the original ethical situation – that is, in the interaction between myself and others. According to Levinas, responsibility cannot be experienced – and therefore cannot be implemented – through collective agreements, because responsibility is personal. A striving for moral homogeneity, for example, by adhering to a mutually agreed-upon regulatory

in Exposed
Open Access (free)
Gareth Millward

Part II, this chapter focuses more on the sociological concept and how it manifested in debates around the pertussis crisis. Studies of risk usually take three forms. 4 First, they explore how societies have come to create, identify and manage new risks as they become more technologically advanced. Modern societies have created new hazards – things that can go wrong – with ever greater destructive power (e.g. the potential meltdown of a nuclear power plant). Regulatory frameworks manage the risk – the statistical likelihood that the hazard will actually occur – so

in Vaccinating Britain
Open Access (free)
Relations between the European Union and Mercosur
Arantza Gomez Arana

agreement. Firstly, Giordano claims, this agreement would allow both regions to deal with a multi-polar global governance system. Secondly, this agreement would set an example for the European Commission on how to develop trade and cooperation relations with other countries and regions. In addition to this, Giordano argues that the inter-regional association agreement would also strengthen the historical links between Latin America/Mercosur, Spain and Portugal. However, more importantly, this agreement would secure a regulatory framework for the EU’s FDI in the region

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Open Access (free)
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido

progressive – ‘to demarcate or hire or create at least two shelter centres meant for destitute pregnant women and lactating women so that proper care can be taken to see that no destitute woman is compelled to give birth to a child on the footpath.’169 As for access to EC, the reasoning is similar to that on abortion. When limited access to EC is a cause of VAWH, an obligation falls on the state to establish the legal and regulatory framework to provide emergency contraception free of charge, and without obstacles attributable to conscientious objection. So, for example, in

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
Issues, debates and an overview of the crisis
Shalendra D. Sharma

authorities failed to carry out prudential screening of applicants to check out their creditworthiness. Rather, in Indonesia, where roughly 50 per cent of banks belonged to a narrow circle of business groups, and the other 50 per cent were state-owned, the system allowed Suharto family members and their cronies preferential access to resources. In this environment, supervisory and regulatory frameworks could hardly stop the well-connected borrowers from getting access to funds, and in the process becoming even more highly leveraged. Similarly, in Thailand (where a small

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

regulatory regime, merchant banks assumed much higher interest rate and currency risk than the commercial banks. Their lending concentration inside affiliated groups was greater, and 206 Korea: crisis, reform and recovery merchant banks usually lent without collateral – and thus had less protection in case of default. Compounding this problem was the maintenance of tight monetary policy and a regulatory framework that was explicitly biased towards short-term borrowing. That is, short-term loans regarded as trade-related financing were hardly regulated, whereas long

in The Asian financial crisis