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Can historians assist development policy-making, or just highlight its faults?
David Hall-Mathews

this respect, because its goals are uncontroversial. It is also relatively easy to measure not only its impact but its scale. To a large extent, in a development context, good public health policy simply means sufficient resource allocation to the health sector to ensure that it has the capacity to function effectively and can be accessed by the entire population. This has rarely been achieved, for two main reasons. First, the development of grassroots healthcare – as distinct from intervening in response to spectacular outbreaks of famine or epidemic disease – is

in History, historians and development policy
Heloise Brown

most active women in the late nineteenth-century peace movement demonstrates that it was possible for absolute pacifists to work closely with non-absolutists, even when differences of opinion and principle occurred. Priscilla Peckover provides a key example of interorganisational co-operation, especially in respect of the mass movement she generated: the Local Peace Associations (LPAs). Peckover’s methods of working drew upon both Quaker ideals and domestic ideology. In contrast to the Peace Society’s approach, which was often both defensive and, to some extent

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
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Joseph Jaconelli

necessary link between the adjective and the concept of a ‘trial’. This is implicit in the comment on the guarantees of the Sixth Amendment by the US Supreme Court in Estes v. Texas:6 Significantly, in the Sixth Amendment the words ‘speedy and public’ qualify the term trial and the rest of the Amendment defines the specific protections the accused is to have at his trial. Thus, the Sixth Amendment, by its own terms, not only requires that the accused have certain specific rights but also that he enjoy them at a trial . . .7 In another respect, also, the concept of a

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
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Conceptual links to institutional machineries
Kathleen Staudt

mainstream attention should be to once sidelined ‘women’s’ issues such as domestic violence and reproductive health (see Staudt, 1998). Yet advocates must start somewhere, and that somewhere often begins in national machineries. However, to celebrate multiple strategies is not to praise our still-lacking means of measuring the policy outcomes in meaningful ways at the global, national and local levels — means that respect the rich and diverse historical and multi-cultural realities of those grandiose to minuscule spaces. While we enjoy the complex and profound thinking of

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
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Recognition, Vulnerability and the International
Kate Schick

and Becker 1999 ; Bartlett 2006 ; Brooke and Frazer 2013 ; Sinha 2013 ). Discussions of education, philosophy and the international have been dominated by the cosmopolitan turn in education and its appeal to a universal vision of shared humanity based on ideals such as freedom, respect and reason. Cosmopolitan thinkers promote the cultivation of global citizens through the critical examination of our own

in Recognition and Global Politics
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

preserves, to ensure respect and consideration for women, to protect them against indecent and violent acts, and to procure more genuine equality of opportunity – a concern which extended not only to women, but also to ethnic groups and disabled people. Interest in southern Africa and in nuclear disarmament became less intense in the late 1980s. No longer did students seek allies in fellow victims of Government policy, friends in health service workers or striking miners. chap 12 23/9/03 1:19 pm Page 269 Student culture in the 1980s 269 Levels of student radicalism

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Richard Kelly

. As Alan Clark MP noted, ‘the Conservative Party is now like a defeated and invaded country, where the old power structures are shattered and the old currency useless’.1 The lessons of 1997 After the 1997 defeat, Conservatives were inclined to argue that faulty organisation – particularly in respect of their extra-parliamentary wings – formed a key reason for the dismal showing. This is not to say they discounted their shortcomings in government or the advent of New Labour, but there was a clear sense that the enormity of the defeat could have been avoided had the

in The Conservatives in Crisis
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The ‘outside’ in poetry in the 1980s and 1990s
Linden Peach

inadequately given the space available, the variety of work that became available in these decades. It hardly needs pointing out that the poetry scene has changed since the publication of British Poetry Since 1970, in which Blake Morrison stereotyped the published poet as writing from a ‘nostalgic liberal humanism’ with ‘strong respect for “traditional” forms, even strict metre and rhyme’ (Jones and Schmidt 1980: 142). Morrison said as much two years later in the introduction to The Penguin Book of Contemporary British Poetry (1982: 11). But, as Robert Hampson and Peter

in Across the margins
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Party system change and electoral prospects
Gilles Ivaldi

election by winning a total of 10.2 per cent of the vote (FN 7.1 per cent; MNR 3.1 per cent) as opposed to 10.3 per cent for the FN in the previous election of March 1994. Of particular note is that the FN succeeded in presenting its own candidates in nearly all of the 1,900 cantons up for renewal in 2001, while the MNR only had a national coverage of about 78 per cent in this respect. There is little doubt, however, that divisions within the extreme-right camp have had a major impact on the parties’ ability to weigh significantly on the electoral outcome, and

in The French party system
Pier Paolo Saviotti

4 Variety, growth and demand Pier Paolo Saviotti Modern economies contain a large number of entities (products, services, methods of production, competences, individual and organisational actors, institutions), which are qualitatively novel and different with respect to those existing in previous economic systems. In other words, the composition of the economic system has changed enormously during economic development. The observation that there has been a great deal of qualitative change in economic development would probably not be denied by any economist

in Innovation by demand