believed to be a witch: Witch Hunting and
WitchTrials (London: Kegan Paul, 1929), p. 114, footnote 2.
Witchcraft in Elizabethan drama
survival rate of the romance plays that were frequently performed
at the newly established public theatres at this time. Most of these
plays, unfortunately, are no longer extant, but titles like Herpetalus
the Blue Knight and Perobia (1574) and The History of the Solitary
Knight (1577) leave little doubt that the plays bearing them were
tales of knights errant and chivalry.64 One surviving example of
this type of play is the
Lodovico Cattaneo, Domino Castalutio and Alfonso Lovolo.
64 See Chapter 2, page 63.
65 ASMoFIP 20 f.14 (11v).
66 Ibid. (12v).
67 Richard Kieckhefer, European WitchTrials, p. 79.
68 ASMoFIP 20 f.14 (1v). Most denunciations for cursing were reported almost immediately
afterwards, while the curses were still clear in the mind of the delator. See for example, Ioly
Zorattini, Processi, vol. VI, pp. 101–13, Trial against Benedetto, 1584. The delator Francesco
Cali denounced the Jew a day after he had allegedly heard the Jew curse, as did the delators
of the Christians
–328; Ewen, Witchcraft Hunting and WitchTrials; Macfarlane,
Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England.
2 Kittredge, pp. 319–23; Sharpe, The Bewitching of Anne Gunter provides
a book-length case study of one well-documented example.
Witchcraft in Jacobean drama
respect. The theatrical representation of witches in the early part
of James’s reign can be seen to complement (and compliment) his
highly political interest in witchcraft, in view of the significance of
the witch characters within the plays in which they appear. Above
all, it is the way these characters become
, Superstitio, c. 13, cited in Lea, Materials 1:169.
WITCHCRAFT: THE FORMATION OF BELIEF 2
39 Burchard of Worms, Corrector, Patrologia Latina, 140, 973.
40 Ibid., 971–2, 961.
41 Summaries of medieval popular and clerical perceptions of harmful magic may be
found in Kieckhefer, European WitchTrials, 47–72, and Cohn, Europe’s Inner Demons,
42 Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks, trans. Lewis Thorpe (NewYork: Penguin, 1983),
248, 397, 458; references cited in Morris, 61–2.
43 Flint, 62–4.
44 Hincmar of Rheims, De Divortio