The pastoral responses of the Irish churches to emigration

not seen a priest for some time suggested a ready audience for their ministrations. Visiting Maine in 1855, Fr James Donnelly was met by a frenzy. ‘Poor people!’ he wrote in his diary, ‘How sad to see so many and so good without a Pastor! crushing and pushing for confession, [they] broke 2 panes of glass. Well [they] didn’t pull down the house’.31 Letters from Protestant emigrants in North America and Australia suggested that the absence of a church of their own sect within reach sent them even more readily into other churches.32 Gamble Crawford, who wrote to his

in Population, providence and empire
South Korea’s development of a hepatitis B vaccine and national prevention strategy focused on newborns

hepatitis rate in an area where viral hepatitis was endemic. 7 In 1964 Dr Baruch Blumberg, an American geneticist, found a strange protein in the blood of an Australian aborigine while analysing blood samples from around the world. This substance, which became known as the Australia antigen, proved to be a protein from the hepatitis B virus. This discovery made research into viral hepatitis much easier

in The politics of vaccination
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claims of rights. This dominant construction of human rights establishes a quite particular way of imagining and constituting both the individual person and the political community or relationship. In so doing, it also highlights a narrow, if significant, range of political injury. The attributes and aspirations of the highly abstracted conceptualisation of the individual subject produced by this approach become the yardstick for the universal, but it is a yardstick that for many people – Indigenous youths in Australian jails or low-caste women

in Human rights and the borders of suffering

Challenges for fair voice in liberal market economies 5 The challenges for fair voice in liberal market economies Mick Marchington and Tony Dundon Introduction The notion of fair voice sits centre stage in arguments about the relative importance of employee, organisational and societal goals because it connects directly with questions of managerial prerogative and social legitimacy. This creates tensions which are particularly apparent in liberal market economies (LMEs) – such as the UK, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand – where the law plays a relatively

in Making work more equal
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Diversification and the rise of fragmented time systems

, exclusions, high thresholds and lengthy service requirements, which affect both employment regulation and the institutions of social protection (Grimshaw et al., 2016). Patterns of long work hours, for example, tend to spread most vigorously when, as in Australia, employers can use gaps that exempt them from an obligation to pay for overtime (Campbell, 2008: 137–9). Regulatory gaps may be either long-standing or only recently introduced as a result of policy changes. They may lead directly to easily recognised flexible working-time arrangements or they may unfold in a more

in Making work more equal
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), Benelux, and the Caribbean Community are examples of contemporary confederations. The twenty-three federations contain about 2 billion people or 40 percent of the world population. 1 India alone has almost a billion people, and most of the other billion come from the United States, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Nigeria, and Germany. Many of these federations also cover very large territories, for example, Australia, Canada, Brazil, Russia and the United States. There are five federations in Europe: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Spain and Belgium. Some of the twenty

in The Länder and German federalism
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build on these contributions by assessing in greater depth how the new social democratic revisionism fared in government. In order to make this task manageable, we have focused our attention on the social democratic heartland of Western Europe, although Australia and the United States also make an appearance. We have narrowed our geographical scope with some regrets, but we are convinced that a comparative analysis of those nations in which social democracy has historically exercised greatest influence – the industrialised West – offers us the most coherent and

in In search of social democracy
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Public anger in research (and social media)

its own (real-life) van with the slogan ‘Stirring up tension and division in the UK illegally? Home Office, think again,’ targeted at gaining press and social media attention. More informally, photoshopped parodies multiplied on Twitter; examples included a slogan telling the Romans to go home (playing on the Monty Python ‘what did the Romans ever do for us?’ joke); another told the Australian lobbyist Lynton Crosby (rumoured to be behind the

in Go home?
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12 is that even successful and self-confident national machineries need to be aware of the changing political and economic climate in order to guard against the erosion of their work. Examining the Australian national machinery, she argues that the ‘structures for gender accountability within government, which Australia helped pioneer, have been threatened by discursive shifts within government’ in the context of shifts in economic policy towards market liberalization and 10 INTRODUCTION and the consequent attack upon the role of the state in addressing broad

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
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The clergy and emigration in practice

also able to inform their flock where free passages might occasionally be obtained. The Scottish writer Thomas Carlyle recorded meeting two ‘misadventurous’ Protestant sisters returning to Ennis, from whence their vicar had directed them to Plymouth to obtain passages to Australia. Alas, they were to sail among parish paupers and these daughters of a lieutenant ‘shrieked (of course) at the notion of it!’28 65 Roddy_Population_Printer.indd 65 15/09/2014 11:47 Population, providence and empire For many intending emigrants, however, the clergyman’s first direct

in Population, providence and empire