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Towards Specialised Services?

legal and technical analysts to be special, due to its decentred construction, which separated it from earlier ‘technologies of freedom’ including radio and the telegraph. It is important to recognise the E2E principle governing Internet architecture. The Internet had never been subject to regulation beyond that needed for interoperability and competition, building on the Computer I and II inquiries by

in Network neutrality
Effective support structures for community– university partnerships

partnerships. This chapter reviews ten proven examples of such structures, all drawn from the Global North. These structures operate variously at the macro (national or multinational), meso and micro levels. The chapter also discusses strategies and tools for evaluating partnerships that can be used by support structures. Finally, the chapter addresses the question of how the Global South can institute support structures to promote community–university research partnerships in poor emerging countries, building on the experience of the North. Macro-level structures Community

in Knowledge, democracy and action
The nature of the development-security industry

4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 43 3 Explaining the dynamics of transformation: the nature of the development-security industry AKING INTO account the common themes emerging from analyses of policies and agendas aimed at tackling the problem of war economies, it is clear that both the nature and outcomes of the transformation agenda are determined by a number of interdependent processes. These processes are determined by the interests and beliefs of powerful actors, in this case the network of actors that determine and implement

in Building a peace economy?

been engaged in long-term security building on the ground in zones of potential or actual conflict. This leaves the OSCE as the only multilateral institution with a mandate and capacity to carry out the functions of conflict prevention and resolution in areas of tension within the broad European region it covers. Furthermore, this capacity has grown considerably throughout the past decade and, as I will argue below, its potential for further growth is great. When the CPC was first created by the Charter of Paris in 1990, it had a very limited mandate and a minute

in Limiting institutions?

differences in the companies’ climate strategy choice are explained by differences in the companies themselves. The business environmental management literature suggests a host of company-specific factors that may have an impact on strategy choice in relation to an issue such as climate change. We have chosen to focus on three main factors: (1) the environmental risk associated with current and future corporate operations; (2) the environmental reputation of the company; and (3) the company’s capacity for organisational learning. We assume that companies with low

in Climate change and the oil industry
Open Access (free)
On the possibility of sustainability and democracy in advanced industrial nations

of competition in global markets. The need to secure continued economic growth and social welfare for the citizen forces them to secure hegemony for the strategy of ecological modernisation. This fencing in of the discourse makes environmental policy fully compatible with the logic of global market competition, thus most probably blocking the move towards rational ecological governance (Jansen, Osland and Hanf 1998:292 ff., 313 ff.). Another view is found in Implementing Sustainable Development – Strategies and Initiatives in High Consumption Societies. Building on

in Sweden and ecological governance

achieving these goals. Each partner equitably contributes their expertise and shares responsibility and ownership to enhance understanding, integrate the knowledge gained, with action to improve the well-being of community members and foster sustainable development. Building linkages between research and community development Context This study was a collaboration between Mountain Development Research Centre (MDRC) of Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University (HNBGU), Srinagar, Uttarakhand; Himalayan Action Research Centre (HARC); and Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Experiences from higher education institutions

. (2003a) point to three distinct dimensions of CBR: (1) collaboration between academics and community members; (2)  legitimation of multiple modes of knowing in the creation and dissemination of the knowledge created; and (3) a normative goal of social change. CBR can be understood as a union of two important traditions within higher education which have sought to make university resources and capacities available for community needs. The first, participatory action research (PAR), has long sought to make the research capabilities of HEIs accessible to marginalized

in Knowledge, democracy and action
What contribution to regional security?

assist in the formulation of clear economic objectives for the region towards the supplementary goal of conflict prevention and management. The BSEC process of region building could also lead to the redefinition of the identity, interests and capacities of its member-states, which would, in turn, help create conditions for a system of institutionalised negotiation or conflict resolution that would enhance regional security and stability. The area where the BSEC can make a positive contribution is in postconflict rehabilitation of conflict zones. The area covered by

in Limiting institutions?

physical safety or even survival. When people are most uncertain or insecure in their identities, normally trivial items or actions can become evidence of friend or foe, and justification for alliance or attack. Because the costumes and scenery with which humans construct and cultivate their identities constitute their social existence, different costumes and scenery, different identities, have the capacity to disconcert or antagonise, and to be the soil of conflict, just as readily as they can construct, cultivate, and confirm social existence and security. Even if

in Cultivating political and public identity