Meanings, Limits, Manifestations

consequence of the subject's desire for confirmation of its independence and self-certainty is that other subjects it encounters will resist extending recognition, because they too wish to claim their own independence. Self and other initially encounter each other as adversaries. This mutual resistance first precipitates a ‘life-and-death’ confrontation by which each self-consciousness seeks the destruction

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Some philosophical obstacles and their resolution

eloquently advocated; there is religious pluralism of the type developed in Locke’s famous Letters on Toleration, according to which even if there is religious truth it cannot be established with certainty, let alone enforced on those who do not accept it; there is the pluralism of tastes and preferences that belongs to the aesthetic and personal realm to which our moral values are conflated. But what is common to all these versions is that the toleration they call for is always justified by some form of denial or weakening of the objective MCK11 1/10/2003 198 10:35 AM

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
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liminal and uncertain social position. The liminal stage, as Turner (1969) notes, is characterized by ambiguity and inversion resulting from an anomaly wherein people slip through networks of classification. While marriage is commonly regarded as a charted and planned passage, permanent or prolonged singlehood is often viewed as an emergent, unplanned life trajectory. Thus, the above quoted paragraph conveys certainty and uncertainty at the same time. The writer predicts that it is just a “question of time” until she finds her one, but she has no knowledge as to where

in A table for one
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these lines, a wind, a fire, a scent, shrouded in darkness. What is important here as well is the sheer unpredictability of the divine, and the consequent vulnerability of the explorer: the narrator is at risk in the experience of deity, is carried off by that wind, devoured by that fire, he falls into the heart of the great flower. There is a marked absence of ontological certainty in the narrator’s ongoing explorations that can be countered only by trust in the necessary and complete surrender he is forced to make in his terrifying experience of a deity which is

in R. S. Thomas

nursing issues of her time. The London Hospital was known for both the rigidity of its discipline and the thoroughness of its training.37 Thurstan transferred from the hospital’s preliminary training school on 29 December 1900,38 and spent the next two years acquiring a ‘Certificate of Training’ in which her work was said to be ‘satisfactory’, her conduct ‘very good’, and her sick-room cookery ‘excellent’.39 Her training clearly gave her confidence in her own abilities. Her technical writings are redolent of a sense of certainty in her knowledge and practice skills. Yet

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
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answer the following questions: 1. Should health services have the option to provide SGA? 2. Should SGA replace any or all of the FGA? To do this, the trial looked for any differences between FGA and SGA in relation to: • their impact on people’s health (e.g. physical and mental health symptoms) • their side effects • the costs of using the medication • their cost-effectiveness • the certainty that the results were correct. Only direct costs were included. This covered the costs of providing the two types of antipsychotic medication and the costs of any other health

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
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constructive forms of progress than simply the discovery that there are more puzzles for which we do not have adequate explanations than was previously realized. In Latin America Philip reminds us that institutionalized uncertainty (concerning who will govern after the next or subsequent elections) is considered by some a defining feature of consolidated representative democracy. Yet in terms of our comprehension of democratization, the quest for greater certainty still constitutes a legitimate ambition, a motivating force. That claim is made more realistic, not weakened, by

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Kant

famously located the certainty which warded off the scepticism generated by the unreliability of empirical perception in the thought that even if I doubt everything I think I Modern philosophy and aesthetic theory 17 know about the world I must exist qua doubter. Doubting the thought of my existence involved an undeniable existential relationship of the doubter to the thought that is being doubted, which therefore provided a minimal point of certainty: I must at least exist as a thinking being. However, Descartes provided very little else by this argument, and he

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
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Irish poetry since 1990

some certainty is that contemporary poetry in the Republic is marked by a broad range of confident voices articulating a tentative recognition of the complex nature of major shifts in the traditional markers of Irish identity. In the North, a changing social and political landscape is equally reflected in the discontinuous narrative of the major poetic voices, including Ciaran Carson, Paul Muldoon and Medbh McGuckian, an uncertainty captured by Carson in ‘Belfast Confetti’ when his self-image reflects a national questioning: ‘My name? Where am I coming from? Where am

in Irish literature since 1990
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Representations of the house in the poetry of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin and Vona Groarke

becomes less orderly and when its human dimension begins to be expressed through the twin images of the family portraits and the mirror reflecting the speaker herself. Groarke’s handling of this kind of trope is deft. It is suggestive both of the ways in which the house has integrated her presence among its own forms and of how it has become a metaphor for her own tentative self-exploration. Just as the ‘mood of certainty’ falters, so does the rhythm of the poem, becoming more uneven and giving the repeated impression of a sudden halting of movement. The process by

in Irish literature since 1990