Open Access (free)
Reflections on the politics of openness in a new world order

Party politics (see Smith, 2013, 2015, forthcoming). My particular interest has been this: how do political moderates seek to empower themselves in the face of right-wing extremism and religious conservatism? Kansas was the perfect field site in which to explore this question. It has been on the front line of the United States’ culture wars for the last three decades. Infamously, in 2005, the State Board of Education held a series of hearings on evolutionary theory, with a view to making the case for the teaching of intelligent design in the high-school science

in Science and the politics of openness
The European Union and social democratic identity

dynamic, is the key – the real cause of the conservatism (in the sense not of left–right divisions, let us repeat, but of an aversion to change). It is superfluous to add that tendencies to regime preservation have been accentuated by successive enlargements – especially the ‘big bang’ expansion of 2004. Basically, with the undermining of the ‘strong state’ model, with the strengthening of the civil service and the experts at the European level (and to a certain extent at the national level), ‘the role of political parties as the main producers of policy

in In search of social democracy
The Peace Society and women

indirectly advancing the cause of some feminists (such as Josephine Butler) by opposing the Contagious Diseases (CD) Acts as part of its opposition to standing armies. By 1873, however, it began to reduce its coverage of the campaign against the Acts, arguing that repeal would make no difference to the effects of the Acts as long as standing armies – ‘their root and source’ – continued to exist.8 Thus by the 1870s, the Peace Society was maintaining an inward conservatism even while its work was becoming increasingly acceptable to the outside world. This conservatism was

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
British women in international politics

criticism. The conflation of women’s nature with pacifist ideals was an argument used by many feminists, but Sewall’s statement was distinctive in that it identified an external factor, ‘brute force’, which was opposed to and, crucially, responsible for women’s lack of access to power. However, Sewall’s insight in this statement belied the conservatism that became evident within the Council by the end of the 1890s. In the opening address by Lady Aberdeen at the 1899 Congress, when she had been ICW president for six years, there was an immediate emphasis on the importance

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)

Liberalism has become the dominant ideology at the start of the third millennium. Like conservatism it cannot be easily identified with one particular political party. We trace the origins of liberalism back to the late seventeenth century and the political turmoil in England that followed the civil wars of the middle of the century. After this, liberalism’s ‘golden age’ during

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
The leadership gamble of William Hague

-minute warnings of another Labour landslide.15 When Hague resigned the Conservative leadership straight after the election, he claimed that: ‘I believe strongly, passionately, in everything I’ve fought for.’ 16 Given his various changes – enforced or otherwise – that was a pardonable exaggeration. But insofar as the remark did convey a general truth, it underlined Hague’s complacency about the status of ‘conservatism’ in 2001. His attempts to characterise his own views tended to be unenlightening: ‘Supporting those who do the right thing is at the heart of my political

in The Conservatives in Crisis
So, no change there then?

seekers and race. In sharp contrast, Duncan Smith’s speech at the 2002 spring conference attracted conditional and partial praise from some unlikely sources,4 as a step in the right direction of setting out a broader, more inclusive Conservatism with a better chance of being effective in challenging the overall record in office of the second Blair administration. This chapter will consider the second successive Conservative election defeat in 2001 in the light of the previous four years of the party attempting to adjust to the first landslide mauling of 1997. Given the

in The Conservatives in Crisis

but deeper class divisions on the other – which were bound eventually to play into the hands of the Labour Party. ITLP_C07.QXD 18/8/03 102 9:59 am Page 102 Henry Pelling Indeed, Winter claimed that Pelling had been able to bridge the divide between the approach associated with an older generation of historians, who emphasised activism and struggle, and that of a younger generation, more concerned with popular Conservatism and apathy. In that sense he considered that Pelling had made an influential contribution to ‘a better understanding of the multiple

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Open Access (free)
The 1970 general election

to the cause. In following this defensive strategy, the Labour leader nonetheless marked out a genuine, if crudely drawn, distinction between the parties over the appropriate use of the state to secure collectively desirable ends. Wilson invented ‘Selsdon man’ to personify Heath’s supposed new Conservatism, which, he alleged, had turned its back on the more consensual approach of Harold Macmillan. The Prime Minister declared Selsdon man was consumed by the ‘atavistic desire to reverse the course of 25 years of social revolution’ by proposing a ‘wanton, calculated

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Open Access (free)

the accumulated effect has caused a significant change in the distribution of power. The sum total of these changes is not very great. When we think of how much change there has been in the constitutions of other European powers during the twentieth century, we realise how conservative Britain has been over the period. This comparison can be viewed in two ways: either it is symptomatic of the deep-seated conservatism of the British political establishment which has contributed to Britain’s relative economic decline, or it is a powerful demonstration of stability

in Understanding British and European political issues