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. German national identity pre-dates the existence of the state. The state is the machine for the expression of the will of the people. Democracy is one of the means by which the sovereignty of the people in their state is expressed. Sovereignty This concept claims that the people have the right to create the government of their choice and to replace it when they see fit. Legitimacy derives from

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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between a community’s ability to manage its own resources and community life and its preparedness for the quite specific tasks of governing a modern state and choosing in a reasonably informed way the form of sovereignty the community, on balance, desired. The questions of self-determination faced by the East Timorese at the time involved the interrelationship of all three elements, but centuries of Portuguese rule had left the Timorese with few tools with which to engage the latter two. Gaining sufficient of these tools would have required some time and international

in Human rights and the borders of suffering

overwhelmingly in the developing world, ‘critical security studies cannot ignore the politics of security provision in differing political circumstances’ ( Dalby, 1997 : 23). All this questions the claims of the state to realist types of sovereignty, from which flow their particular conceptions of security ( Krause and Williams, 1997 : 45). The disjuncture between state and society leads to

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe

development of new structural variables as products of trends aiming at revising 124 Theory and reform in the European Union institutional entities and state policies. These trends can be seen as directly linked to problems and challenges of redefining basic tools of analysis: structure and the nature of the system, national interest, state sovereignty and power. In this context, any discussion about the prospects of a new system of collective security in Europe – as they have been expressed through the decisions taken in Maastricht, Amsterdam, Berlin and Madrid – should

in Theory and reform in the European Union

interpretation of the UN’s mandate, this was a substantial assertion of the UN’s normative authority. Uch Kiman, the Cambodian Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, would later comment: The first and foremost feature of UNTAC was that it was a serious infringement on Cambodian sovereignty. This was probably the most bitter pill which

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

. Legal obligations Legal obligations are things one has to do which are enforceable in the courts, such as paying one’s taxes and driving only when in possession of a valid driving licence. Such obligations are closely linked to state sovereignty. Citizens and other individuals resident in the territory of a state are under an obligation to obey the laws of that state. Civic obligations

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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both government and governed. The government was also determined to ‘nationalise’ major industries and utilities. These would be organised into state-owned public corporations, run in the ‘national interest’ as a hard-headed, practical form of socialism, as distinct from the unrealistic dreams of syndicalists and guild socialists. In many ways the government was extraordinarily successful. Unemployment did

in Understanding political ideas and movements
New polity dynamics

Risse make the point well: ‘Fischer still thinks in categories of the hierarchically structured nation-state with its exclusive authority over power and territory, including the legitimate monopoly over the use of (internal and external) force.’30 Instead, they conceptualise a European federal order from the perspective of multilevel governance, stressing the importance of distinguishing between ‘formal’ and ‘material’ sovereignty: the former, they claim, is already divided, but also shared, between EU and nation-state authorities, whilst the latter is defined in

in Theory and reform in the European Union

Rainer Bauböck's work on popular sovereignty, citizenship and the demos problem is an important touchstone for contemporary political, and especially democratic, theory. Grounded in attention to both the theoretical and empirical circumstances of individual and collective political agency, Bauböck offers a highly sophisticated and, in many ways, compelling approach to thinking through the philosophical and political

in Democratic inclusion
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Frontier patterns old and new

migration requires nothing less than a reconceptualisation of the role of the State. He notes that ‘the practices of Caribbean peoples are at great variance from the exclusive claims for singular loyalty to the state … Caribbean peoples share a common de-territorialised imaginary. This requires a re-conceptualization of the notion of sovereignty’ (Premdas, 2002 : 60). However, at the same time many people in Commonwealth Caribbean

in Frontiers of the Caribbean