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Resistance and the liberal peace: a missing link

international and regional organisations, sometimes, as in the case of the European Union (EU), for the first time in their history. The focus on resistance, as previously suggested, 3 Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making also aims to offer a deeper examination of the conflict itself. This deeper analysis entails moving away from simple explanations of the conflict as stemming from state failure, greed or identity. Its goal is to grasp the overlapping issues in historical perspective, to connect transversal issues at the global, regional and national/ local

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

complemented by advocacy campaigns. In 1986, 20 leading NGOs from Australia, Europe, Japan, and the United States, 94 for instance, formed an ad hoc coalition to raise the profile of the Cambodian issue worldwide. 95 They were categorical in their assessment of what was needed for Cambodia’s recovery: first, a guarantee that the Khmer Rouge would not return to power; secondly, peace and stability to enable

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Water scarcity, the 1980s’ Palestinian uprising and implications for peace

Nations, the European Community and the United States all opposed the plan. The US state department’s legal advisers argued that Israel, as an occupying power, had the right to exploit West Bank water sources for the benefit of the local inhabitants. However, Israel was not entitled to transfer the water to its own territory ( Schiff and Ya’ari, 1991 : 98). In reply to Palestinian and international

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Constructing security in historical perspective

. 7 The founding Ashkenazim, or Jews of European ancestry, historically have dominated Israeli society and politics. Sephardim, or Jews of Arab and North African origin, have traditionally been members of the lower classes, both socially and politically speaking. 8 One

in Redefining security in the Middle East

The divergence of identity and territory: retarded nation-building? In the Westphalian model that European expansion ostensibly globalised, a relative congruence between identity and sovereignty, between nation and state, endows states and the states system with legitimacy. Social mobilisation creates, in modernising societies, receptivity to identification with larger communities – nations – potentially coterminous with a state; in an age of nationalism, such identity communities seek a state and state leaders seek to

in The international politics of the Middle East

distributing wealth’ (Caritas Representative, Justice and Peace Commission, Goma 2009).23 A Union Paysanne pour le Developpement Integral (UPDI) representative believed that the state should be there to guarantee a good standard of living for the peasants and provide the same protection to agriculture as in Europe (UPDI Representative 2010). The so-called ‘government of national unity’ brought in by the 2002 Sun City agreements, was renamed ‘1+4=0’. As in the most idealised versions of what the state can and should do, seen in the World Bank and OEDC reports in earlier

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
From starving children to satirical saviours

. Starving children Since the 1970s, the images of extreme hunger communicated by NGOs have been widely criticised as overtly negative and representatively inaccurate, depicting starving children through a colonial gaze. 2 In 1989, the General Assembly of European NGOs adopted a new Code of Conduct on the ‘Images and Messages relating to the Third World’ (1989). The document called for NGOs to avoid using

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

authorities, and in 1936–39 a major uprising. This rebellion failed due to Palestinian divisions and British imperial might, but, to appease Arab opinion, Zionist emigration was limited until World War II when the Jewish exodus from Europe began. When the British withdrew from Palestine in 1948 and the Palestinians rejected a United Nations (UN) resolution partitioning Palestine at their expense, the Zionists declared the founding of the state of Israel. The armies of Arab states intervened, ostensibly to rescue the Palestinians. The first Arab

in The international politics of the Middle East
The analytical framework

Most of these principles are encapsulated in four crucial Charter provisions: Articles 1, 2, 55 and 56. 33 It is well known that a number of regional organisations (e.g. the Organization of American States (OAS), the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Association

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

against. The 54 abstentions included both the western and the socialist bloc, both of which were reluctant to further irritate Turkey: see J. S. Joseph, Cyprus: Ethnic Conflict and International Politics – From Independence to the Threshold of the European Union (Houndmills: Macmillan, 1997 ), p. 110. 44 S/PV.1098 of 27

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change