Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

6 The return of the Jewish question and the double life of Israel So now the Jew is mistrusted not for what he is, but for the anti-Semitism of which he is the cause. And no Jew is more the cause of anti-Semitism than the Jew who speaks of anti-Semitism. (Howard Jacobson, When Will the Jews be Forgiven for the Holocaust? ) 1 Those who have always felt that Jews were

in Antisemitism and the left
Open Access (free)
The French search mission for the corpses of deportees in Germany, 1946–58
Jean-Marc Dreyfus

greatly influential in this new relationship with the body; however, these corpses were still not seen as independent social agents.6 In more general terms, the history of military and wartime medicine has undergone changes due to extensive research on the body, in which is seen a field of social forces and representations. Interestingly, such studies have not yet addressed the Second World War, which had a much higher percentage of civilian deaths. It would appear that research into the Holocaust has avoided paying much attention to the millions of dead bodies that

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

of the 6 million Jewish victims of the Holocaust, only a minuscule percentage of them were exhumed and even fewer identified. These cases, emblematic of the twentieth century’s heritage of extreme violence, raise questions for us about the emergence of a ‘forensic turn’, in the words of historian Robert Jan van Pelt at the Paris Conference in September 2012. This forensic turn can be defined, in the first place, by the arrival of forensic pathologists and anthropologists on the scene of mass violence and genocide as the decisive agents of practices in the search

in Human remains and identification
Yehonatan Alsheh

bare the nature and meaning of modern biopolitics. Genocide in fact becomes in ontological biopolitical literature a manifestation, a negative revelation, most notably in the literature musing on the inconceivability of the Holocaust,26 of biopolitics’ alleged inner essence, which one should uncover and acknowledge. The various intersections between the biopolitics of genocide and the political theology of genocide should not be overlooked, yet at the same time one should avoid an uncritical slippage from one to the other. The more grotesque versions of this argument

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

they honour those who died in the Holocaust. Speakers recalled a time when Jews and Christians had lived together in peaceful and mutually enriching relations. The afternoon started out sunny, but a storm broke in the middle of the proceedings, and the speeches continued under heavy rain. Among those attending – about fifty people – was Claude Levy. The local paper, the Pirmasenser Zeitung, notes his presence: Berührend war die Anwesenheit des ältesten Teilnehmers, Claude Levy, der einst als Kurt Levy in Busenberg das Licht der Welt erblickte. Aufrecht stehend wohnte

in Austerity baby
Open Access (free)
From content warning to censorship
Jack Halberstam

gives it a sexist tag when we use the standard of audible and visual insult. And this is the problem, of course –​insults, damage and trauma are as likely to be triggered and inflicted by what is not said or shown as by what is loud and clear. To give one more example, in a class I taught on the Holocaust a few years ago, students were appalled and shocked on the first day of class when I showed clips from Alain Resnais’s classic 1955 film Night and Fog. The now all-​too-​familiar imagery of bodies being shovelled into shallow graves, of mounds of rotting and

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

characterised by traumatic losses and changes and by fear of the future (Lowenthal 1985 : 8ff, 394ff; 1997 : 1, 5ff; 2015: 31ff, 413ff). However, Laurent Olivier is, if possible, even more dystopic. Olivier sees the wreck of the Age of Enlightenment since the twentieth century in a series of disasters – the two world wars, the Holocaust, Hamburg, Hiroshima, Chernobyl, the World Trade Center. With references to Benjamin, Heidegger, and Adorno, he looks on the industrialisation of war, the mass production of goods by machines, and the crisis for European civilisation; and

in Heritopia
James Thompson

society’ (Tronto, 2013 : 2). Carelessness is a comment on the absurdity of cuts to social care in the local authorities in the UK that, in the name of ‘personalisation’, has led to one announcing that support will be offered at the level of ‘just enough’ (Salford City Council, 2012 : 30). However, this critique has a longer history. Another way of describing what I am calling here the careless society is through the notion of a ‘contract of mutual indifference’, outlined by political scientist Norman Geras in his work on ‘political philosophy after the holocaust

in Performing care
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

somatotyping 11 (criminal body shape), which was very much in a Lombrosian tradition that maintained peripheral credibility only in the USA HRMV.indb 84 01/09/2014 17:28:37 Moral discourse and action  85 after the Second World War. The Holocaust also motivated a small number of other articles in criminology journals in the late 1940s,12 as did the Eichmann trial in the early 1960s,13 but it is very clear that, unlike in history, political science and social psychology, there was an effect­ive non-engagement of academic criminology with the subject matter. In its post

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
Rémi Korman

brought to the idea of the Holocaust’s omnipresence with regard to memory models. Listen to the audio podcast ‘Uncovering the evidence’, in Voices on Genocide Prevention (Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2009). It is not possible here to describe in more detail the importance of the voluminous report (700 pages long) published following this investigation. It nonetheless constituted the main piece of evidence used in the trial of Clément Kayishema. O. Adede, ‘Statement of the registrar of the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda, Ictr

in Human remains and identification