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Steven Fielding

did.98 True or not, during the 1963 Deptford by-election Labour canvassers told voters that the Conservative government had encouraged immigration during the 1950s for that very purpose.99 While discrimination at the workplace was widespread, many of the most prominent examples which first came to light were located in public transport. This was uncomfortable for activists because those workforces found guilty of prejudice were all well unionised and often administered by Labour councils.100 Particularly on the buses, it was common for employees and managers jointly

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Open Access (free)
Continuous theatre for a creative city
David Calder

’s tallest metal parking structure to provide easier access to the Machines de l’île. Pedestrian crosswalks now facilitate movement to and from this structure, and by extension between the creative quarter and the memorial park. (Accessing the Naves via public transport is slightly more difficult; one may take Line 1 of the tram to the Chantiers Navals stop, but this tramline is on the northern bank of the Loire. Riders must alight from the train and then cross the Anne de Bretagne bridge on foot.) The stark contemporary structure of La Fabrique, attached to the

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Open Access (free)
The imaginary archaeology of redevelopment
David Calder

complete. A projet phare should have the same effect. The Carré de Soie shopping centre, however, instilled more doubt than confidence. Residents welcomed the increased public transport (an extension of the Lyon subway, numerous bus routes, and a new express tramway connecting the Carré de Soie to Lyon city centre and the LyonSaint Exupéry airport). But the shopping centre as projet phare shed light on the commercial intentions of developers. The shopping centre features large chain stores indistinguishable from those at Lyon’s vast Part Dieu shopping mall; it is more

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

nature, he should take good care of it. According to the pamphlet ‘national democratic guidelines regarding protection of our life and our environment’, ‘(e)conomic growth is acceptable only when neither the natural landscape, our environment or the health of the people are destroyed because of it, nor when the natural resources are plundered in an unbridled manner’ (CN 1/89). To accomplish this the party presents some concrete measures, such as an increase in the taxation on cars and free public transport. In accordance with its law and order approach the party calls

in The ideology of the extreme right
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Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

– compared to 57 per cent for Chorlton and 45 per cent for Whalley Range) and a higher rate of married residents. Cheadle 43 All in the mix Hulme has voted Liberal Democrat in both local and national elections in the last couple of decades, whilst both Whalley Range and Chorlton consistently elect Labour representatives. Thus we have a series of comparisons which the three areas offer. All are residential, more-or-less suburban areas with fairly good public transport to the city centre. Chorlton is the most prosperous area, with higher house prices, a higher percentage

in All in the mix
Open Access (free)
The European transformation of the French model
Andrea Szukala

, compared to 48 per cent in 1990 and 29 per cent in 1985. See Elisabeth Duproirier and Gérard Grunberg, ‘La déchirure sociale’, in: Pouvoirs, No. 73, April, 1995, pp. 143–157 (here pp. 153 ff.). See John Keeler and Martin Schain (eds), Chirac’s Challenge. Liberalization, Europeanization, and Malaise in France (London: Macmillan, 1996). Not least in autumn 1995 when during the ‘évènements’ in the context of the social security system’s reform public transport broke down for weeks. See the special issue on ‘The Movements of Autumn’, in: French Politics & Society, No. 14

in Fifteen into one?
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Everyday trajectories of activism
Hilary Pilkington

social housing in the course of the fieldwork due to rent arrears. One of these was Kurt whose situation had been compounded by wider circumstances (the death of his father, loss of job) and he had simply not taken in how imminent crisis was (see Box 9). Gradual payment schemes to repay debt are discussed by many respondents and daily problems of keeping the household in food by some. It goes without saying that activism is profoundly affected by this; the inability to travel to demos or meetings because individuals do not have cash for public transport or the coach is

in Loud and proud
George Campbell Gosling

case of Bristol. The absence of ‘gas and water’ socialism – with municipal control of utilities providing a bedrock – did not equate to a lack of provision in the city. Utilities, like other core services such as public transport, were provided by private companies. 4 Meanwhile, charitable provision was extensive, including schools, settlements and almshouses, as well as dispensaries and hospitals. Consequently, Bristol was a city associated with philanthropists

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Anne Kerr, Choon Key Chekar, Emily Ross, Julia Swallow, and Sarah Cunningham-Burley

found it difficult to attend meetings as she had to rely on public transport. Karin shared her experience of attending a medical conference to which patient advocates and representatives were invited: I've been to an odd one or two, [lung cancer patient meetings] and … to be quite honest, I don't know what they called it now. It was a little bit too sort of medical-wise for us. And we went with the impression that, you know, we've had cancer, can we put our point forward, and it, we never got to that

in Personalised cancer medicine
Antonia Lucia Dawes

shops used their own vehicles, but others who were working on a smaller scale, such as unlicensed street vendors and many of the West African buyers at Poggioreale market, tended to move their merchandise around the city on foot and on public transport. For this purpose they used large, soft black holdalls with wheels, or blue plastic sacks tied with rope to trolleys. These activities created tension on crowded buses, metro trains and trams, and I often saw Neapolitans cursing and gesticulating at them as they got on and off vehicles. Such local struggles over the

in Race talk