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The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

. For many years after 1945, a historiographical consensus about the morale of the British people in the Second World War existed undisturbed. The roots of this consensus went back to the war, notably to the year-long national crisis that began in June 1940. During this time, from a mixture of reality and propaganda, an image of the nation at war was created whose accuracy was later largely accepted by commentators. According to this picture, the people endured the dangers and burdens that total war imposed on them with fortitude, a capacity to adapt, and unwavering

in Half the battle
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

, and was then briefly mayor of Stepney, in London. He became an MP in 1922, and served as a junior minister in the Labour governments led by Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and 1929–31. As leader of the Labour Party during the Second World War, he was brought into Churchill’s coalition cabinet. After the general election of 1945 had taken place (but before votes had been counted, a delay because of the large numbers of votes from

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck’s concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology
Monika Milosavljević

serology, haematology, experimental medicine, immunology, bacteriology, the methodology of science, scientific observations and the history of discoveries. In 1935, owing to his Jewish identity, he was dismissed from the laboratory at which he had worked since 1928. When the Germans occupied Lviv at the start of the Second World War, he was the director of the bacteriological laboratory within the city’s Jewish hospital. It was at this time that he succeeded in developing a reliable diagnostic test for typhus, which provided swift detection and isolation in the midst of

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Jane Brooks

McBryde’s published memoir written nearly 50 years after the end of the Second World War. It is therefore prone both to relating the dramatic interventions required to engage a readership, and the nostalgia invoked by nurses when they considered their wartime lives. Nevertheless, it demonstrates the new surgical work that nurses expected to encounter as part of their overseas duties. Student nurses who trained between 1939 and 1945 cared for civilians injured by enemy bombing campaigns and combatants evacuated back to Britain from war zones. Thus, even before overseas

in Negotiating nursing
Open Access (free)
‘Eigen volk eerst!’
Cas Mudde

the extreme wing of the deteriorating Frontpartij and other small Flemish nationalist groups (De Wever 1992), it was left with only one principal rival prior to the Second World War: the Verbond van Dietse Nationaal-Solidaristen (Association of Diets National Solidarists, Verdinaso), founded in 1931 by Joris Van Severen. This was a para-military movement that originally had an almost similar goal as the VNV, i.e. a corporatist, authoritarian and ‘organic’ Greater Netherlands. However, in the mid 1930s it changed its goal into a ‘Diets Empire’, including Luxembourg

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
John Narayan

effort and thereby direct action’ (LW2 332, cf. 314, 327). The Global Democrat 49 One can find the same sustained, if not ever-growing, conviction that the Great Society was engendered by modern globalization and lacked political regulation at the international level when one reads elements of Dewey’s work through the Great Depression and the rise of trade protectionism, the build-up to the Second World War and in the aftermath of the defeat of the Axis Powers.7 The intervening years made it clear for Dewey that without a common rule of law and a machinery of

in John Dewey
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The discovery, commemoration and reinterment of eleven Alsatian victims of Nazi terror, 1947– 52
Devlin M. Scofield

uncertainty over the fate of targeted loved ones. A number of such cases found their tragic closure in April 1947 when, after an extended investigation that spanned the Franco-​German border, the bodies of eleven Alsatians were discovered outside the small community of Rammersweier, Baden. The victims had been murdered in the waning months of the Second World War by members of the Offenburg Gestapo.3 The corpses were exhumed and publicly reburied in the days following the discovery. A memorial at the execution site where the bodies were found and another roadside monument

in Human remains in society
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Confronting relativism in Serbia and Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

cherished by the Jews. For example, there was a constant emphasis on sacrifice for an ideal, which was more a Christian than a Jewish concept. Serbs sacrificed themselves at Kosovo to become a chosen and holy nation; they sacrificed themselves at the Antemurale Christianitatis, to defend the West against the East. They sacrificed themselves in the First World War, during the first Yugoslavia, and then during the Second World War, through their contributions to Partisan victory. In the contemporary period, they were defending the West against Kosovar- and Bosnian Moslem

in Balkan holocausts?
The organisation of war-escalation in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990–91
Hannes Grandits and Carolin Leutloff

1 Discourses, actors, violence: the organisation of war-escalation in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990–91 1 Hannes Grandits and Carolin Leutloff Introduction  6  1990 the second and final round of the first free multi-party elections since the end of the Second World War were held in Croatia. At that time it was still a socialist republic within the Yugoslavian Federation. The results of the elections were quite surprising. It was expected that the former Communist Party would lose its absolute political predominance, but the decisive victory of the

in Potentials of disorder