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Evolution of the normative basis
Eşref Aksu

in declaratory US foreign policy, in that human rights were now brought to the fore of international diplomacy. Rhetorical US support for the protection and promotion of human rights found its parallel in the attitudes of other governments as well, albeit on a more selective basis. A classical case is Moscow’s determined propaganda effort in the context of Cambodia (see Chapter 8 ). It was also not

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
Ian Scott and Henry Thompson

is someone without formal political affiliations who is not afraid to offer policy assessments of Afghanistan, Iran, Israel and Latin America, as well as broader assessments of deficiencies in US foreign policy and the fallacies of empire. If there is something of the contrarian in this persona that confounds supporters as much as it riles opponents, then these qualities seem to add to the appeal of his auteur brand, rather than weaken it. The emergence of a filmmaker-​political pundit is part of the story of Stone explored in this book. It is a development that is

in The cinema of Oliver Stone
Open Access (free)
Ian Scott and Henry Thompson

about broader institutional accountability had still not been answered. The scepticism that had underpinned Salvador’s critique of US foreign policy was grandstanded both in Stone’s use of President Eisenhower’s farewell address and referencing of the military industrial complex, and in the pivotal scene involving District Attorney Jim Garrison (Kevin Costner) and X (Donald Sutherland) in JFK. Banks and the armaments industry were the beneficiaries, it is suggested, of Kennedy’s removal, and Stone pushed the suggestion further in Nixon by characterising malign forces

in The cinema of Oliver Stone
Sabine Clarke

and Dutch Sections, but not at the Colonial Office. British officials were aware that the US intended to use the Caribbean Commission to extend its influence in the region and shape both the economic and political future of the possessions of the European empires along lines that confirmed to the objectives of US foreign policy. On more than one occasion, US officials attempted to formally align the Caribbean Commission with the UN in some way, as a specialised agency or a regional council, in order that the territories of the region would abide by principles

in Science at the end of empire
Dominant approaches
M. Anne Brown

contemporary theoretical departures concerning rights, as in the writings for example of John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin or John Donnelly. But it appears also to be a vein of political imagination at work in the US foreign policy community and to a lesser extent similar circles in other Western states. Arguably, it acts as a pervasive cosmology and set of trainings for constructing notions of the state and the person. This does not mean, however, that the Lockean social contract is always underpinning Western understandings of human rights issues, or that the specific operation

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)
The autonomous life?
Nazima Kadir

anti-nuclear energy, anti-apartheid, anti-militarism, and anti-fascism. Many worked on solidarity campaigns with Nicaragua and El Salvador and organized attacks on the US Embassy to protest US foreign policy and the presidency of Ronald Reagan. The women’s movement manifested in the squatters’ subculture through a number of squats that banned the presence of men, to the point that during alarms, they permitted men to stand in front of the house but did not allow them to enter the squat to defend it from eviction

in The autonomous life?
Open Access (free)
Ian Scott and Henry Thompson

Williamson has described, urbanisation and the emergence of a new literary awareness in the 1980s would progressively undermine the hallmark patriarchal power structures of the indigenous and colonial societies.54 Stone’s documentary reflected the momentous political changes that the continent had experienced since the 1970s. While South of the Border’s appraisal initially focused on Chávez, it adopted something of a road movie structure which then solicited opinions on both Chávez and US foreign policy more generally, as well as the influence of the International Monetary

in The cinema of Oliver Stone
The evolving European security architecture
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

increasing problems with US foreign policy in South-East Asia. However, the economic successes of the Community in general, and those of the Customs Union and the Common Market in particular, meant that there was an impact that extended well beyond the Community’s internal borders. Accordingly, efforts to find a way of integrating and co-operating on the political side of economic affairs did not go away, both internally (political union) and externally (foreign affairs). Hence the setting up of EPC in 1970, following the December 1969 Hague Summit. From EPC to the CFSP

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido

difficult to cross in individual cases. 74 Report E.CN.4/Sub.2/1987/23. See the evolution in O. De Schutter, International Human Rights Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014) p. 280. 75 H. Shue, Basic Rights, Subsistence, Affluence, and US Foreign Policy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1980) p. 52. 76 GC No. 22, para. 40. 77 GC No. 22, para. 42. 78 GC No. 22, para. 45. 79 Limburg Principles on the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, Maastricht, 2–6 June 1986, UN doc. E/ CN.4

in Violence against women’s health in international law