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-sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences, the Hastings Center and the Royal Society of Medicine.28 During a planning meeting, members of the British organising committee, which included Gordon Dunstan and Sir Douglas Black, had suggested that an ‘interesting and fruitful’ approach would be to look at ‘topics that reveal differences between 260 The making of British bioethics the UK and USA’.29 Staff at the Hastings Center claimed that discussing the ‘marked differences’ between Britain and the United States would ‘foster an understanding and mutual appreciation for

in The making of British bioethics
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The new Europe takes shape

essentially restricted to North America, where US direct investment in particular would lead the French politician and journalist Jean-Jacques Servan Schreiber to write admiringly, even despairingly, in his 1968 bestseller The American Challenge about the risk of Europe becoming a mere economic and political appendage to the United States. Despite the attention this book received, it did not lead to any political action to try to counter the phenomenon, for it was a ‘win–win’ situation for both sides, bringing capital, jobs and increasing transatlantic trade. The US

in Destination Europe
The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s

The United States Peace Corps captured the public’s imagination in a way that few international development initiatives ever did. Presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first uttered the words ‘Peace Corps’ in early November 1960; two months later, a Gallup poll found that 89 per cent of Americans had heard of the Peace Corps, with 71 per cent in favour. 1 Over the following years, the Peace

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
The pastoral responses of the Irish churches to emigration

3 ‘Scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd’: the pastoral responses of the Irish churches to emigration1 From an Irish clergyman’s point of view, by far the worst of the iniquities facing migrants was the perceived threat to their faith. While for rhetorical reasons anti-emigration diatribes tended to highlight any wilful oppression – real or imagined – inhibiting the freedom to express one’s religion, it was more mundane limits on the ability to practise it which were of most pressing import. Reports of nativist attacks on churches in the United States

in Population, providence and empire
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Reconstruction and reconciliation; confrontation and oppression

2 Europe’s 1950s: reconstruction and reconciliation; confrontation and oppression If … the European Defence Community should not become effective; if France and Germany remain apart … That would compel an agonising reappraisal of basic United States policy. (John Foster Dulles)1 Summary Reconstruction in Western Europe, completed by the early 1950s, led to unbounded optimism about future economic growth and to a strong desire for closer integration. Following the creation of the Council of Europe in 1949 among ten West European countries, six went further in

in Destination Europe
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Recovery and hubris; effervescence in the East

higher wage demands. Employers gave in, not least because labour was still relatively scarce (with unemployment in the OECD area standing at only about 5 per cent in the mid–1970s). After its peace agreement with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, or North Vietnam, the United States had, by 1975, withdrawn its troops from South Vietnam. The feared ‘domino effect’ – that is, the belief that if one country became communist, its neighbours and eventually the rest of the world would suffer the same fate – did not materialise. The United States, and the world in general

in Destination Europe
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, embedded in an EU and a NATO that, through their inclusive and non-aggressive character, do not permit the ‘alliance– counter-alliance’ structure of the Europe of the past. An intricate ‘European security architecture’ – provided by the two institutions mentioned plus others – may be confusing and overlapping, but may also preserve peace and co-operation via their multiple activities. Co-operation intensified following the terrorist attacks against the United States on 11 September 2001, leading to a broad anti-terrorism coalition spanning the Atlantic and beyond and

in Destination Europe
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Neutrality, discrimination and common carriage

officials, IAPs (known in European law formally as ‘Electronic Communications Service Providers’, as examined in Chapters 1 to 4 ), content providers, academic experts, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other stakeholders from Chile, Brazil, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Slovenia and Norway. Collaboration between socio-legal scholars, senior computer scientists and

in Network neutrality
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, England, the United States and the Caribbean. This book is also concerned with the cultural flows and mobility within the Afro-Caribbean diaspora. As emigrant populations outnumber those who remain at home in Caribbean territories and islands, and as ethnic and national conversations, creolisations and oppressions influence black consciousness, more attention must be paid to the ways in which race

in Sport in the Black Atlantic

5 The Largest Bankruptcy in American History The Lehman Chapter 11 bankruptcy case represents the ‘largest, most complex, multi-faceted and far-reaching bankruptcy case ever filed in the United States’. 1 As the parent corporation, Lehman Brothers Holding Incorporated (LBHI) managed and directed the affairs of the enterprise, which consisted of a global network of approximately 8,000 subsidiaries and affiliates, with offices in every major centre in the world engaged in the various business activities of Lehman, ranging from derivatives

in Lehman Brothers