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Christopher Morgan

these lines, a wind, a fire, a scent, shrouded in darkness. What is important here as well is the sheer unpredictability of the divine, and the consequent vulnerability of the explorer: the narrator is at risk in the experience of deity, is carried off by that wind, devoured by that fire, he falls into the heart of the great flower. There is a marked absence of ontological certainty in the narrator’s ongoing explorations that can be countered only by trust in the necessary and complete surrender he is forced to make in his terrifying experience of a deity which is

in R. S. Thomas
Christine E. Hallett

nursing issues of her time. The London Hospital was known for both the rigidity of its discipline and the thoroughness of its training.37 Thurstan transferred from the hospital’s preliminary training school on 29 December 1900,38 and spent the next two years acquiring a ‘Certificate of Training’ in which her work was said to be ‘satisfactory’, her conduct ‘very good’, and her sick-room cookery ‘excellent’.39 Her training clearly gave her confidence in her own abilities. Her technical writings are redolent of a sense of certainty in her knowledge and practice skills. Yet

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Linda Davies and Gemma Shields

answer the following questions: 1. Should health services have the option to provide SGA? 2. Should SGA replace any or all of the FGA? To do this, the trial looked for any differences between FGA and SGA in relation to: • their impact on people’s health (e.g. physical and mental health symptoms) • their side effects • the costs of using the medication • their cost-effectiveness • the certainty that the results were correct. Only direct costs were included. This covered the costs of providing the two types of antipsychotic medication and the costs of any other health

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Open Access (free)
Peter Burnell

constructive forms of progress than simply the discovery that there are more puzzles for which we do not have adequate explanations than was previously realized. In Latin America Philip reminds us that institutionalized uncertainty (concerning who will govern after the next or subsequent elections) is considered by some a defining feature of consolidated representative democracy. Yet in terms of our comprehension of democratization, the quest for greater certainty still constitutes a legitimate ambition, a motivating force. That claim is made more realistic, not weakened, by

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Natural resources and development – which histories matter?
Mick Moore

, authoritarian government, arbitrary policy-making and excessive military spending. There are many potential pathways to these perverse outcomes; we have little detailed insight into which of them really matter, and how they interact. And we have to be very careful to point out that all these statistical patterns are not iron laws. We know what is likely to happen when countries become exporters of point natural resources, but, for individual countries, we cannot predict the outcomes with certainty. Implications From this perspective, we can be optimistic that Brazil – a big

in History, historians and development policy
Andrew Bowie

famously located the certainty which warded off the scepticism generated by the unreliability of empirical perception in the thought that even if I doubt everything I think I Modern philosophy and aesthetic theory 17 know about the world I must exist qua doubter. Doubting the thought of my existence involved an undeniable existential relationship of the doubter to the thought that is being doubted, which therefore provided a minimal point of certainty: I must at least exist as a thinking being. However, Descartes provided very little else by this argument, and he

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
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Irish poetry since 1990
Jerzy Jarniewicz and John McDonagh

some certainty is that contemporary poetry in the Republic is marked by a broad range of confident voices articulating a tentative recognition of the complex nature of major shifts in the traditional markers of Irish identity. In the North, a changing social and political landscape is equally reflected in the discontinuous narrative of the major poetic voices, including Ciaran Carson, Paul Muldoon and Medbh McGuckian, an uncertainty captured by Carson in ‘Belfast Confetti’ when his self-image reflects a national questioning: ‘My name? Where am I coming from? Where am

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Representations of the house in the poetry of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin and Vona Groarke
Lucy Collins

becomes less orderly and when its human dimension begins to be expressed through the twin images of the family portraits and the mirror reflecting the speaker herself. Groarke’s handling of this kind of trope is deft. It is suggestive both of the ways in which the house has integrated her presence among its own forms and of how it has become a metaphor for her own tentative self-exploration. Just as the ‘mood of certainty’ falters, so does the rhythm of the poem, becoming more uneven and giving the repeated impression of a sudden halting of movement. The process by

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Environmental managerialism and golf’s conspicuous exemption
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

difficult to ascertain with complete certainty whether and the extent to which policy makers are swayed by lobbyists. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that the IPM provision was one clearly favoured by industry in the prelude to the Cosmetic Pesticides Ban Act. As CGSA Director Ken Cousineau wrote in 2008, the CGSA, Royal Canadian Golf Association, National Golf Course Owners Association, and two Ontario-based turfgrass groups offered responses to the government’s initial proposals on the law. One shared element

in The greening of golf
Open Access (free)
Debatable lands and passable boundaries
Aileen Christianson

when the central male character, Garry, is shown pursuing ‘splendid generalities’ (84) at the expense of the specific. In his persecution of a particular woman, he denies his motives are personal: ‘It was not as a person that he wanted Louie punished, but as the embodiment of a disgrace’ (72). But Garry’s certainty in ‘splendid generalities’ is interrogated by the women in the novel, providing a critical opposition to any assumption by the reader of a male-universal connection. Shepherd’s fiction has been long neglected by virtue of her specificity in north

in Across the margins