Nico Randeraad

3 The expansion of Europe: Vienna 1857 T he year 1857 was the last carefree year of the Austrian Empire, geographically the second largest state in Europe after Russia. Its territory stretched from Bregenz and Milan in the west to Braşov and Lviv in the east, from Prague in the north to Dalmatia on the Adriatic Sea. The colossal multi-ethnic empire had many enemies, inside and outside its borders. Rising nationalism was a threat to domestic stability, and neighbouring powers were waiting for an opportunity to profit from the internal tensions. In 1858, emperor

in States and statistics in the nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
Jeremy C.A. Smith

’s answer is that they do and with greater velocity in and through the centres of culture and knowledge. We can say the results of his historical sociology of the spread of knowledge are replicated in other zones outside the scope of his study –​specifically oceanic, coastal and new world connections. My work in Chapters 6, 7 and 8 on the Pacific, Latin America and Japan suggest as much also. In looking at the fourth dimension in Chapter 4, I focus on the differentiation of empire and civilisation in historical processes of communication and transformation of

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Violence and the early modern world
Erica Charters, Marie Houllemare, and Peter H. Wilson

recognizing that all such attempts to delineate epochs face the difficulty of imposing a single framework on something as complex as the history of the world.6 Even with this important caveat, scholars have outlined historical models that permit comparisons across cultures within the early modern period. One such framework is the spread of ‘gunpowder empires’. First coined by Marshall Hodgson, this term was expanded to compare the Mughal, Ottoman, and Safavid empires by arguing that their success and longevity derived from the early adoption of gunpowder weaponry

in A global history of early modern violence
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa
Anna Greenwood and Harshad Topiwala

a medical subordinate with a less prestigious diploma or a certificate. 24 The disparities in nomenclature are revealing both of the lower status that Britain attributed to Indian medical qualifications and also of deeply embedded racial beliefs that ultimately saw the true leaders of the British Empire as white. Indians in the Colonial Medical Service before 1923

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
Greeks and Saracens inGuy of Warwick
Rebecca Wilcox

and their production, while M. Mills, J. Burton, P. Price, R. Dalrymple, T. Turville-Petre, S. Crane and V. B. Richmond elaborate Guy’s structure, its connections to hagiography and social MUP_McDonald_11_Chap10 217 11/18/03, 17:06 218 Rebecca Wilcox politics, and its analogues in visual art and non-romance literature.4 Yet, despite their interest in the romance, critics have almost entirely ignored one of the central themes in Guy: the hero’s domination of Eastern empires, both Christian and Saracen. This neglect has limited criticism of Guy to fairly local

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Organizing principles, 1900–1919
Katie Pickles

From the beginning of the twentieth century, it was a common sight to see members of the IODE frequenting Canada’s major ports. Proudly pinned to their smartest clothes were their badges with Union Jack, crown and stars radiating outwards to the corners of the Empire. In a close working relationship with government, taking advantage of élite contacts and putting forward

in Female imperialism and national identity
Queen Victoria, photography and film at the fin de siècle
Ian Christie

being shown throughout Britain and the British Empire, as well as elsewhere, has hardly been assessed. Nor has the relationship between Victoria’s long-standing interest in photography, still very much in evidence at the time of the Jubilee, and her response to ‘animated photography’. While John Plunkett has argued convincingly for seeing Victoria as ‘media made’, his focus is primarily on ‘the tremendous

in The British monarchy on screen
Matthew M. Heaton

Dempster & Company, which held a virtual monopoly over the carrying trade between the UK and its West African colonies for more or less the entirety of Nigeria’s colonial history. This chapter examines the relationship between Elder Dempster and the medical and governmental authorities within the British Empire. I argue here that this relationship represents an example of the importance of public

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
Sarah Roddy

Francisco’s prominent ‘labour priest’ Peter Yorke forcefully impressed upon Maynooth’s Walter McDonald, when the latter visited America in 1900 – looked to Ireland and her church as to the ‘rising sun’; to them it was the revered monarch of an English-speaking Catholic kingdom.10 Though Yorke was chiding McDonald and the Irish church for not fully appreciating this fact, as Chapter Five demonstrated, it had in fact constructed and developed a powerful and widely accepted narrative of a ‘spiritual empire’ arising out of mass emigration. In that sense, the tensions the

in Population, providence and empire
Open Access (free)
Joe Turner

7 Looking back Seven young and adolescent children sit with an older man, eating melon in a working field in Jamaica, around 1860. They are wearing the working clothes of the agricultural poor. It is likely that they are indentured labourers, bound to both the land and white settler farms by indenture contracts which dominated the imperial economy in Jamaica after the abolition of slavery. This photo, entitled ‘These water melons’ (figure 5), captures a particular intimate moment of the British Empire. Kate Anderson and Graham Mortimer Evelyn (2019) remind us

in Bordering intimacy