Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

What is the use of having a right of free speech if no one is listening. (Aboriginal artist Sally Morgan, Radio National, 10 November 1995) THE TERRAIN OF human rights is broad and there are many ways of crossing it. Moreover, it is a terrain that is incoherent and contradictory, and full of both vehemence and uncertainty. This reflection on rights has sought to take a particular path across that broad and rocky terrain, particularly in regard to the promotion of human rights practices and approaches in international

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
From theory to advocacy
Andrea Boggio and Cesare P. R. Romano

legal and political strategies to mobilise the right to science. By ‘legal mobilisation’ we mean the use of courts and tribunals (i.e. judicial remedies) to seek vindication of the right to science for violation of this right. We identify international judicial and quasi-judicial institutions that have jurisdiction over violations of this right, and discuss the procedural requirements and some of the challenges claimants face. With regard to ‘political mobilisation’, we identify venues where human rights advocates, scientific societies and other civil society

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

began to purchase weapons from Moscow. The West’s reluctance to sell Turkey arms for fear that they might be used against the Kurds and its, to Turkey, irritating habit of threatening to deny Turkey weapons in order to, as Ankara sees it, blackmail it into improving its human rights performance, forced the Turks to look for other more reliable, less fastidious arms suppliers. Russia was the obvious choice, and Turkey in urgent need of arms, had few qualms in buying them from NATO’s principal ex-enemy. Moscow, in turn, desperate for money, was only happy to oblige

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
Moving beyond boundaries
Author: Dana Mills

Dance has always been a method of self- expression for human beings. This book examines the political power of dance and especially its transgressive potential. Focusing on readings of dance pioneers Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham, Gumboots dancers in the gold mines of South Africa, the One Billion Rising movement using dance to protest against gendered violence, dabkeh in Palestine and dance as protest against human rights abuse in Israel, the Sun Dance within the Native American Crow tribe, the book focuses on the political power of dance and moments in which dance transgresses politics articulated in words. Thus the book seeks ways in which reading political dance as interruption unsettles conceptions of politics and dance.

Open Access (free)
John Mceldowney

their mentors in those Western democracies that have already undergone a significant incremental growth in judicial power (Sweet 2000). How far is judicial power compatible with democratic government? That key question will be addressed in the following way. First, the source and growth of judicial power in the Anglo-American tradition of jurisprudence will be outlined. Second, the United Kingdom’s experience of adopting the Human Rights Act 1998 is discussed as an example of a potential shift from political decision-making to judge-made decisions, and this potential

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Eşref Aksu

fact which is likely to shed light on possible changes in its normative basis, especially in terms of authority. Another interesting aspect of the UN presence in Angola is the doubt that it casts on the ‘evidence’ of normative shift suggested by the so-called ‘humanitarian interventions’. Such UN operations as the ones in Somalia, Bosnia and Rwanda are frequently taken to imply that human rights had by

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

’s ‘humanitarian intervention’ over Kosovo highlighted the normative tension between the doctrine of non-intervention in sovereign states versus efforts to promote respect for human rights that transcend state boundaries, the subsequent efforts at peace-building have revealed other normative conundrums. For NATO and other international institutions, this has made South East Europe a normative labyrinth where democracy, ‘stateness

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

the EU must conform to a number of conditions according to the Treaty of Rome. These are: 1 They must accept all existing EU legislation. 2 They must be members of NATO (to avoid any conflict of interest over foreign and defence policy). 3 They must have adequate safeguards for human rights. 4 They must have democratic political systems. 5 Their economies should be basically capitalist. This does not prevent some public ownership of industry and public services, but, essentially, free markets must be allowed to operate. Otherwise, Europe would no longer be a truly

in Understanding British and European political issues
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

’. POINTS TO CONSIDER Is it reasonable to claim that there are universal human rights that should be upheld by all governments? Should ‘positive’ rights be included among universal human rights since their observance depends on resources beyond the scope of most governments? Has the experience of totalitarianism confirmed the traditional liberal view that the main threat to human rights comes from the state? Does acceptance of ‘rights

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
Sévane Garibian

of Human Rights,19 but as yet undefined and, moreover, absent from Argentinian law. The national context of this period is even more interesting and richer than in 1994, when a profound reform of the Argentinian constitution was made in a spirit of post-dictatorship ‘democratic consolidation’.20 The latter enabled the principal international instruments for the HRMV.indb 47 01/09/2014 17:28:35 48  Sévane Garibian protection of human rights to be integrated into the Argentinian juridical order, giving them, in addition, a constitutional value in the normative

in Human remains and mass violence