Theorising the en-gendered nation
Elleke Boehmer

, simultaneously inscribes a formative narrative of the Igbo community, interrogates his father’s legacy of BOEHMER Makeup 28 3/22/05 2:55 PM Page 28 John's G5:Users:john:Public:John's Mac: John's Jobs Stories of women Christian conversion and Nigeria’s post-independence history, and, in so doing, secures his status as a national writer. It is of course true that, from the time of the late eighteenth-century revolutions, nationalism across the world developed alongside, indeed often as indistinguishable from, liberation movements in support of equal representation and in

in Stories of women
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

par with Kant (democracies are peaceful at the inter-state level) and, as with Cobden, as one of the pioneers of liberal internationalism. 86 As did both Cobden and J. S. Mill, Mazzini maintained that foreign intervention was not warranted in domestic political struggles for democratic rule and national liberation. But certain factors made him temper his views and part ways with Cobden, bringing him much closer to Mill (see below), with whom he was

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
The victims' struggle for recognition and recurring genocide memories in Namibia
Vilho Amukwaya Shigwedha

repatriation and dealing with the skulls from Germany were to be conducted in a manner that is more compassionate and humane (by involving the affected families and communities, rather than government and traditional leaders alone), this would serve as a catalyst to encourage other families and communities to think about the repatriation of the remains of other Namibians who died in exile during the liberation struggle and are buried in foreign lands. Of course, government participation would be required, but it should be limited to financial and other matters while allowing

in Human remains in society
Open Access (free)
Feminism, anti-colonialism and a forgotten fight for freedom
Alison Donnell

possibilities facing other black women of her time, but her particular focus on issues of gender and women’s liberation, alongside those of racial equality and cultural nationalism, meant that she was challenging structures of inequality that were commonly regarded as less urgent and less central in the intellectual and political agendas of her time. This chapter will offer a reading of Marson

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Siobhán McIlvanney

narrator, and which comes to be associated with the liberating feminine, both in the form of her schoolteacher Mme Sallibert, who provides Samia with a ‘real-life’ alternative female role model, and in the literature she recommends. As this Beur female identity  chapter has suggested, literature is an important representative medium for the protagonists of these beur texts in that it allows them to experience vicarious liberation in the form of French protagonists, a paradigm of liberation their own texts implicitly hold out to other beur women readers. In all

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Literature and/or reality?
Marion Sadoux

contrast to the convoluted and complex formal structures of the texts themselves. Indicative of this tendency is the way in which Pierre Marcelle concludes his review of Sujet Angot in Libération:2 S’il y a quelque chose qui trouble, dans Sujet Angot, c’est la complexité de l’élaboration formelle au service d’une ‘histoire’ si autobiographique. Tant d’imagination au service de si peu d’imagination en quelque sorte.3 (If there is something puzzling about Sujet Angot, it is the complexity of the formal elaboration employed for such an autobiographical ‘story’. So much

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Jurgette Honculada and Rosalinda Pineda Ofreneo

of the NCRFW. Unknowingly the NCRFW had two fairy godmothers: first-wave feminists and the international women’s movement. The ‘second wave’ of feminism in the country would gestate in the late 1960s and 1970s, aware of the emergence of the Western women’s liberation movements while affirming its roots in the historic struggles for nationhood. Such emergence was palpable in a much-publicized protest against the 1969 Miss Philippines beauty contest by the then left-identified women’s organization Makibaka, an acronym for Malayang Kilusan ng Bagong Kababaihan (Free

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
The Second World War and the Balkan Historikerstreit
David Bruce MacDonald

Milan Nedić, Yugoslavia’s former minister of war, formed a ‘Government of National Salvation’.6 In Croatia, the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) was formed under Ante Pavelić, the leader of an Italian-trained insurgency group, the Ustaša. While Serbs generally remained loyal to King Aleksander and the Yugoslav government in exile, many Croats saw the NDH as their liberation from over two decades of Serbian control. This initial support soon dampened, as Croatia was forced to cede most of Dalmatia to Italy, and northern Slovenia to Germany under the Treaty of Rome

in Balkan holocausts?
Volker M. Heins

their inferiority, so that even when some of the objective obstacles to their advancement fall away, they may be incapable of taking advantage of the new opportunities’ ( 1994 : 25). For advocates of liberation, this is deeply troubling because the lack of self-respect produced by systematic misrecognition can be so profound that victims of disrespect are unable to muster the

in Recognition and Global Politics
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

5 Everyday violence and Mai Mai militias in Eastern DRC What would you do if the state was a man? I’ll kill him.1 A From words to weapons lthough there were skirmishes, especially throughout the 1990s, Chapter 3 has already exposed how the first phase of the conflict was the defining moment in which the armed mobilisation of subordinate classes took place. The fact that the AFDL war was conducted under the guise of a national liberation movement and led by Laurent-Désiré Kabila succeeded in reviving the Mai Mai historical sentiment of fighting against

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making