Martin D. Moore

dangerous acid bodies that heralded the onset of coma. 15 Building on these insights, one London specialist declared in 1912 that ‘the aim of modern treatment in diabetes’ was ‘to balance the diet in such a way that nutrition is as perfect as possible without … unnecessary strain on the organs of metabolism in any direction’. 16 During this period, practitioners devised managerial frameworks of ongoing surveillance and therapeutic

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Narratives of balance and moderation at the limits of human performance
Vanessa Heggie

, isolation and physical labour, reflecting, and feeding into, the pervasive endocrinal focus of mid-century stress research. Meanwhile, the British researchers studied metabolism, fat deposition, nutrition, fatigue and desensitisation to cold – all markers of earlier twentieth-century stress research, but also themes that would become absorbed into later studies of stress which figured it as part of a complex of lifestyle disorders that included obesity and heart disease. 6 Such work contributed to the development of

in Balancing the self
Martin D. Moore

–87. 81 NRS, HH98/454, 49, letter by C. F. Fleming (Medical Secretary) to Working Group, ‘The management of diabetes’, 23 December 1986, p. 1. 82 WLA, P9997, Nutritional Subcommittee of the BDA, ‘Dietary recommendations for the 1980s – a policy statement by the British Diabetic Association’, 1982. For citations: SHHD et al., Report of the Working Group on the Management of Diabetes , pp. 34–5; M. E. J. Lean and W. P. T. James, ‘Prescription of diabetic diets in the 1980s’, BMJ , 292:6524 (1986), 723–5. 83 Lean and

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Open Access (free)
Melanie Giles

(van der Sanden 1996 : 92, 99). The iconic Windeby ‘Girl’ (the front cover for Aldhouse-Green’s 2016 monograph) has recently been reidentified as a ‘boy’ (Gill-Robinson 2007 ; Fischer 2012 : 137), aged around fourteen at the time of death. He suffered from episodic malnutrition and illness during his life, which left their mark in pronounced Harris lines of nutritional stress on the tibia (van der Sanden 1996 : 112). His hair had been unevenly cut in two different stages, close-cropped. There is no obvious cause of death, but following his demise, he was laid

in Bog bodies
Open Access (free)
Authorship, praxis, observation, ethnography
Paul Henley

notable absences, at least in contemporary ethnographic analyses, are references to aspects of individual psychology, such as, for example, the subconscious, intelligence or personality (though personality theory did have a strong influence on ethnographers in the 1930s through into the 1940s). Generally absent too are references to biogenetic matters, be it the effects of the ‘selfish gene’, nutritional requirements or circadian rhythms. Indeed, many ethnographers, myself included, consider that ethnography begins where biological determinism peters out: our interest

in Beyond observation
Barbery, earwax and snip-snaps
Eleanor Decamp

‘reasty’, which also is etymologically linked to ‘reasy’ and ‘rusty’. 28 George Peele, The Old Wives Tale (1595), s.d. E1r. 29 See Helkiah Crooke, Mikrokosmographia (1615), p. 576; Walter Charleton, Natural History of Nutrition, Life, and Voluntary Motion (1659), p. 97. 30 Scipion Dupleix, The Resolver (1635), P2v. Cf. Pierre de La Primaudaye, The French Academie (1618) p. 127. 31 See Crooke, pp. 66–70. 32 Will Fisher, ‘Staging the Beard’, in Staged Properties in Early Modern English Drama, ed. Jonathan Gil Harris and Natasha Korda (Cambridge: Cambridge University

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660
Jenny Edkins

anger from camp administrators concerned at the disruption to their systems that eventually it was carried out secretly and at night. The physical condition of the refugees was by contrast a focus of attention, with data being collected on births and deaths, disease and nutritional status. As far as assistance to refugees was concerned, the main objective of the camp officials was ‘to get the death rates down’.38 Restoring productivity and economic livelihoods was a secondary concern, relegated to ‘phase two’ of the relief operation. The Tigrayans themselves did not

in Change and the politics of certainty
Richard Serjeantson

the English version of eighteen years before (1605). Bacon also wrote at length elsewhere on matters of health, sickness and nutrition, mostly in his late natural histories: the Sylva Sylvarum, and the History of Life and Death (Historia vitae et mortis, 1623). These medical issues are a vital – but rather neglected – aspect of Bacon’s interest in nature.30 Moreover, his growing preoccupation with medicine emerges strongly in the late New Atlantis. The work as a whole manifests a deep interest in the central questions of Renaissance medicine: how to cure disease

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
Open Access (free)
Sustainability, the arts and the watermill
Jayne Elisabeth Archer
Howard Thomas
, and
Richard Marggraf Turley

500 tons of water to make 1 ton of potatoes. A ton of wheat needs 900 tons, maize 1,400 tons, and rice comes in at a mighty 2,200 tons (Mekonnen and Hoekstra 2010). The international trade in food can therefore be understood an international trade in water. In the sciences, a proxy is a measurement of one physical quantity that is used as an indicator for the value of another. Food can be considered to be a proxy for both water and for the chemicals required for human nutrition. Former ages were attuned to this fact: for example, owners of watermills who diverted

in Literature and sustainability
Cardboard publishers in Latin America
Lucy Bell

Arivaldo, who insists that ‘there will always be someone working in recycling to get the benefits, to sustain/ support [sustentar] themselves’ (13). Sustainability for the catadores means ‘to be able to carry on providing sustenance’, meeting their own basic needs and those of their children. More than an environmental challenge, it is a matter of human instinct, biology and finances. And, as we have seen, the catadores, like Bauman and Katoppo, view survival as social as well as biological and economic: from the perspective of the poor, the problems of nutrition cannot

in Literature and sustainability