Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

working-class women adopt in exile in Jordan, the article carefully interrogates shifting gender and power dynamics. In doing so it questions the fashionable humanitarian focus on self-reliance and entrepreneurship, as well as youth, but demonstrates how individual and family well-being often relies on rather different parameters. A better understanding among humanitarian actors of what refugee women themselves perceive as valuable lives would be a welcome step in advancing gendered aspirations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

humans and technology. The analytical power of actor–network theory is, however, underutilised in the examination of the rich dataset she presents throughout the book. The tangential account of the connection between the empirical evidence and the tenets of actor–network theory represents a missed opportunity to elaborate on the process of establishing the networks constituted by individuals from refugee backgrounds and digital technology. My review and critique come from the perspective of an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

. Less attention has been given to epistemic justice and power asymmetries in the ‘credibility economy’ ( Fricker, 2007 ) that exists in a humanitarian crisis. In humanitarian aid, an epistemic privilege is associated with the principal language(s) in which aid is coordinated and administered. In practice, this is often English but might be other languages in other contexts. Language barriers within the humanitarian response, especially where

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

-sex desire is a key driver of sexual violence against men and boys, and that perpetrators must therefore be gay men, is a common misconception. This misunderstanding wrongly conflates same-sex sex with sexual violence and is grounded in heteronormativity and harmful gender stereotypes ( Davies, Pollard et al. , 2006 ). Sexual violence is a sexualised expression of violence, and when it is perpetrated against men, it is often an assertion of (hypermasculine) power over another man. As noted

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

disinformation and the many forms it can take. It then considers the impact of this disinformation on humanitarian crises, identifying a number of cases where it has caused real harm for those affected by disaster. Even more troubling, perhaps, is the impact it may have on audiences in the long term and their willingness to trust the news media when it provides important information or holds those with power to account. The article finishes by examining the groups that are producing disinformation about humanitarian crisis and asking what can be done

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

their history or their demands, or to explain the power relationships between the different groups and the logic behind the violence they were engaged in. Two of the most common ‘hooks’ I found were the rapes they were suspected of committing and the child soldiers they were reported to have among their ranks. Twenty-eight per cent (16/58) of the pieces by special correspondents to eastern DRC that I examined for my thesis on the Mai-Mai mentioned rape. The issues of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

restrictions on non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and levying of unreasonable fees for NGO personnel visas. After multiple attempts of peace negotiations, forms of power-sharing agreements have been attempted, yet these remain fragile and contested. One of the challenges for donors and organisations seeking to work in such a complex operational environment is the lack of available evidence to support decision making alongside the lack of experiential lessons for learning from practice. On the former, basic data is absent in nearly all sectors; 45 indicators in UNDP

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

equation in Nigeria today appears to be lopsided. If you look at the distribution of power, you discover that some ethnic groups or geopolitical zones are deliberately schemed out or not considered relevant to be accommodated. Ethnicity and religion to a large extent determine who gets what in the country’s political configuration. The question of ethnicity becomes more prominent when you are dealing with issues concerning the security of the country. As it stands now, most of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

rapidly increasing and has risen sharply since early 2020 ( FAO/WFP, 2020 ). ‘Famine’ retains the power to shock. On the one hand, mention of ‘famine’ awakens humanitarian actors to a serious food/nutrition/health crisis that has been ignored or under-funded: the risk of famine in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria and Yemen prompted the US Congress to allocate an additional $990 million in 2017, despite pressure to reduce – not increase – foreign

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

operate in non-government-controlled Syria through these local NGOs and local Syrian healthcare workers. For local healthcare workers, though this improved resources substantially, it limited the power of local governance structures, excluded many local actors who did not have the capacity to acquire the necessary licensing ( Ekzayez, 2018 ) and produced challenges of accountability to external parties with cultural differences, and differing funding goals ( Bdaiwi et al. , 2020 ). Throughout the Syrian conflict and across all roles healthcare workers have played

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs