Order and security in post-Cold War Europe

more – took the lead. By exercising its right of self-defence, it built a varied coalition in support of that right and has sought to develop a strategy to defeat terrorism with a global reach. A new strategic era has thus dawned. The US has a newly defined enemy, which is neither the old Soviet Union nor a, potentially, resurgent China, but international terrorism and terrorist sponsored states.47 The pursuit and defeat of these enemies has become the overarching goal of US President G. W. Bush and his administration. It has, therefore, become a defining feature of

in Theory and reform in the European Union
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Individuality, identification and multidirectional memorialisation in post-genocide Rwanda

, ‘ “Destroy them to save us”: theories of genocide and the logics of political violence, terrorism and political violence’, Terrorism and Political Violence, 24:4 (2012), 544–​60. 17 Hatzfeld, A Time for Machetes, p. 208. 18 Ibid., p. 207. 19 B.  B. Diop, Murambi:  The Book of Bones (trans. F. McLaughlin) (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006), p. 65. 20 Ibid., p. 101. 21 J. Hatzfeld, Into the Quick of Life: The Rwandan Genocide –​The Survivors Speak (trans. G. Feehily) (London: Serpent’s Tail, 2008), p. 8. 22 Ibid., p. 8. 23 Ibid., pp. 32–​3. 24 Diop, Murambi

in Human remains in society
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interlinked. In politics and economics, one can mention the 2008 financial crisis, threats posed by terrorism, rising tensions around the place of religion in science and society, the ascent of political populism, and, more recently, debates about the United Kingdom leaving the European Union – an exit (dubbed ‘Brexit’) that will have profound consequences for society, science and different forms of expertise. In the United States, a new presidency challenges established relations between science and politics, as well as between these domains, journalism and the public. In

in Science and the politics of openness
New threats, institutional adaptations

geoeconomic significance in the twenty-first century. These areas’ importance is linked to their pivotal geographical position as a nexus between the Atlantic security zone and the Middle East and Asia and as potential buffers or transit points between the Islamic Middle East and Christian Europe. Central Asia will play an especially critical role as an alternative source of energy supply for Europe and Northeast Asia, will either help repair or deepen the environmental distress occasioned by climatic change, will serve either as a sanctuary for terrorism against the West

in Limiting institutions?
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Negotiating with multiculture

­embattled accounts about the impact of ‘political correctness’ which suggest a sense of whiteness under threat. Multiculturalism and diversity in education Anne Phillips (2007: 3) argues that in the early twenty-first century ‘Multiculturalism became the scapegoat for an extraordinary array of political and social evils, a supposedly misguided approach to cultural diversity that encouraged men to beat their wives, parents to abuse their children and communities to erupt in racial violence’ – and she could have added the threat of terrorism. Multiculturalism has also been

in All in the mix
A twenty-first century trial?

Not only was Serbia on trial for 187 Dominic McGoldrick defending itself, the trial was inciting further Albanian terrorism in southern Serbia. That terror, conducted under the auspices of the United Nations, had resulted in 33,000 people being chased out of Kosovo and Metohija. Furthermore, there was a parallel trial through the media. This was part of a ‘media war designed to Satanise the Serbian people, the Serbian leadership, Milosevic and his family’.43 Milosevic also argued that his own treatment by the ICTY undermined its legitimacy. He considered that his

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000

culturally distant will be passed by more easily and not be noticed.’ 32 Parents geographically removed from the Syrian crisis can identify with this image being played out in their own homes. But while a European or North American child plays the game for fun, the children in Za’atari prepare themselves for jihad, framing Syrian children within the global terrorism narrative. As David Altheide notes, terrorism has become a

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Still unique or just one in the crowd?

’s relations with Africa, in particular, have become wide ranging was obvious at the first EU–Africa summit, held in Cairo in April 2000. The summit covered, among other issues: regional economic cooperation, trade, private sector development, investment, research and technology, human rights, refugees, peace building, terrorism, food security, health, education and the environment. Yet it also produced few achievements and tellingly did not set up a regular schedule of further meetings at ministerial or senior official levels, although a second summit is to take place in

in EU development cooperation
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How anarchism still matters

-profile radical folk/punk bands such as Chumbawamba, The Levellers and Rage Against the Machine has been evident, all of whom have campaigned against legislation such as the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act of 1994 and the Terrorism Act of 2000. As Allan Antliff has recently noted (2003), anarchist street art, video work and comics such as World War 3 have, in various North American settings, managed to blur some of the existing boundaries between ‘culture’ as passive and culture as politically proactive. Such forms can, if allowed to flourish, revisit the kind of

in Changing anarchism
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‘We’ve moved on’

, disagreed with the military analysis of Russia, and suggested that Russia is a state with which the USA has disagreements, but not as an existential threat, 2 and there has been a tendency to focus instead on other problems such as Islamic State and counter-terrorism. When the phrase is used by Russian officials and observers, on the other hand, it is to suggest that the post-Second World War

in The new politics of Russia