Open Access (free)
Janet Beer and Bridget Bennett

twentieth century and the United States, seemingly, has been out of kilter with the international mood. For a period it seemed as if the special relationship had foundered. The events of 11 September 2001 have changed all that. At the time of writing, the revived and newly strengthened Anglo-American relationship is being redrawn as the Blair government continues to play an active 2 Janet Beer and Bridget Bennett role in support of President Bush’s call for an international response to terrorism. The special relationship appears to have re-emerged with a new agenda

in Special relationships
Constructing security in historical perspective
Jonathan B. Isacoff

Peres campaigned in 1996 on the platform of ‘land for peace’, the Likud claimed ‘that you can have peace for nothing. Which is nonsense. Saying that you can have security before peace. Which again is nonsense’ ( Peres and Littell, 1998 : 89). ‘Mr. Netanyahu made a terrible mistake when he said he would provide security before peace. For peace you need a majority. For terrorism a tiny group of people can

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Passion and politics
Hilary Pilkington

reason, data on associations with Islam and associations with Muslims were analysed separately in this study. This revealed that respondents frequently emphasised that their hostility was towards Islam rather than Muslims and that generalised anti-Muslim sentiments were often replaced by criticisms of what respondents understood to be Islamic doctrine or teachings. Moreover, in contrast to the most frequent associations of Islam with extremism, terrorism and violence found among the UK general population (Field, 2012: 150), the primary tropes in associations with Islam

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

the UK) began meeting as a threesome to discuss the ‘European’ response to international terrorism. This caucusing took place to the growing chagrin of the other members. An intended three-power dinner discussion convened by Tony Blair in November 2001 degenerated into near-farce. There was an outcry amongst the smaller EU members, which led Blair to backtrack and invite a number of their leaders along too. 11

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Open Access (free)
The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis
Ami Pedahzur

Giovanni Capoccia, ‘Defending Democracy: Reactions to Political Extremism in Inter-War Europe’, European Journal of Political Research, 39:4 (2001). 6 For example: Peter Chalk, ‘The Liberal Democratic Response to Terrorism’, Terrorism and Political Violence, 7:4 (1995), pp. 10–44; Raphael Cohen-Almagor, ‘Combating Right-Wing Political Extremism in Israel: Critical Appraisal’, Terrorism and Political Violence, 9:4 (1997), pp. 82–105; Ronald D. Crelinsten and Alex P. Schmid, ‘Western Responses to Terrorism: A Twenty-Five Year Balance Sheet

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Open Access (free)
A bounded security role in a greater Europe
Simon Serfaty

context of an expanded war on terrorism, this may cease to be true as ‘Eurasia’ includes or touches upon a number of pivot countries, including Pakistan and Afghanistan, where the EU will be asked by its members, as well as by the United States, to play a separate, distinctive and even vital role.3 End game? By any standard, the EU does not qualify as a sovereign state, either as a matter of fact (in its territory, population, government and army) or as a state of mind (in its loyalty, values, identity and history). Yet, not only does the EU matter but also, for some of

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

. Sectarian conflict Violence continued to dominate life in Northern Ireland through the 1970s. This was characterised by rioting, bombings, attacks on security forces, tit-fortat killings and punishment beatings. In 1974 the Prevention of Terrorism Act was passed, giving the security wide powers to stop and search people, property and vehicles, to ban marches and demonstrations and to detain terrorist suspects for extended periods. Political assassination was added to the litany of violence in 1979. Lord Mountbatten, a member of the royal family, was killed by an IRA bomb

in Understanding British and European political issues
The representation of violence in Northern Irish art
Shane Alcobia-Murphy

” provides an affinity with “the murderers” and presents the viewer with a view of the Troubles as “monstrous” ’.25 That which is ‘monstrous’ is beyond comprehension: it is alien, barbaric and cannot be expressed in language. As such, McIlroy’s conclusion typifies the reaction to a Northern Irish atrocity and highlights the inability of language to either faithfully re-present the killing or encapsulate the resulting grief. In a paper entitled ‘The Spectacle of Terrorism in Northern Irish Culture’, Richard Kirkland argues that ‘it has been the traditional role of language

in Irish literature since 1990
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

the divine social hierarchy as maintaining an unjust social inequality. The Argentine dictatorship was determined to cleanse the national body and spirit of such forces and ideas, described as cancers and viruses. Tens of thousands of people were disappeared through state terrorism, at least 10,000 of them were assassinated, others were forced into exile, while only an estimated 100 captives passed through a few rehabilitation programmes. 146 Antonius C. G. M. Robben The chapter’s main argument is that necropower and biopower were under military rule no longer

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Redefining security in the Middle East
Tami Amanda Jacoby and Brent E. Sasley

East does not seek to ignore traditional military security issues, such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile technology, arms purchases, counter-terrorism, traditional balance of power calculations, interaction with external influences, borders and territorial disputes, and inter-state wars. However, a deepening of the subject matter would involve consideration of the

in Redefining security in the Middle East