Open Access (free)
Archaeology, networks, and the Smithsonian Institution, 1876–79

and curiosity. Such evidence for the popular appeal of archaeology in the United States during the decades following the American Civil War also exposes the chaotic state of ‘professional’ practice in that era. Diverse communities of interest flourished in the American hinterland. Antiquarian entrepreneurs amassed collections and dealt artifacts through extensive networks; local and regional societies pursued fieldwork, published reports, and promoted cultural achievement. Competition between these communities and networks was commonplace. In particular, structures

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology

governments and especially in the general public, not only in the United States but in much of Europe as well. We are all painfully aware of the failures of conflict prevention in the former Communist regions of central and eastern Europe and Eurasia. Names like Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Chechnya – previously known only to regional specialists – have become household words and appear in our media almost daily. Yet successful conflict prevention receives virtually no attention since, by definition, 144 2504Chap8 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 145 The OSCE role in Eurasian

in Limiting institutions?

Austria, fought a brief war that led to their final separation within even as loose an arrangement as the German Confederation. In 1867 more than twenty German states joined in the formation of the North German Federation, led and dominated by Prussia. Following a brief war in 1870 between France and Prussia, the states in the North German Federation and the four separate and independent South German states joined to form a united German state for the first time in history. But the questions of where Germany is and who is German were not resolved. The German population

in The Länder and German federalism

The period August 1966–September 1967 saw a decline in Wilson’s commitment to President Johnson and to the United States, both personally and in the wider context of British foreign policy. In February 1967, the Prime Minister tried to use the visit to London of the Russian leader Alexei Kosygin to bring Hanoi and Washington to the negotiating table over Vietnam. Wilson was sincere – if over

in A ‘special relationship’?

whole thing frankly was very much hyped up by the press’. 25 The US and NATO: parallel structures There is no doubt that the United States had run a parallel national command and planning structure alongside the multinational NATO one during Operation Allied Force . In its After-Action Report on the operation, published in January 2000, the Department of Defense described both structures in detail with

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security

chap 8 27/5/03 11:57 am Page 265 8 Parties and politics in the Länder Introduction In every federal system there is a national party system which, in spite of certain commonalities, is likely to be somewhat different from the regional and/or local party systems. In the United States there are two dominating, loosely organized, personality- and candidate-oriented, generally weakly disciplined parties with no single universally recognized national party leader except perhaps the president. They are financed by various private interest groups and individuals

in The Länder and German federalism
A critical reassessment

2 Macroeconomic policy in the Celtic Tiger: a critical reassessment DENIS O’HEARN The miraculous turnaround in the fortunes of the southern Irish economy during the 1990s fooled most experts. The upturn began in the early 1990s, following one of the worst economic periods in the history of the Irish state. The economy then ‘took off’ in 1994 for seven years of sustained high growth that earned the Irish Republic the popular name of the ‘Celtic Tiger’. The Celtic Tiger emerged from a historic expansion in the United States that was centred on the information

in The end of Irish history?

definition includes network services companies such as access providers, search engines, bulletin board system operators and even auction websites. It should be noted that most (if not all) access providers are also service providers, and in fact the largest IAPs are also amongst the largest service providers. Net neutrality was regulated narrowly in the United States, Canada and

in Network neutrality
Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?

1 Institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women: mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state? shirin m. rai Institutionalizing women’s interests in all areas and sectors of policy at all levels has been a concern of women’s movements worldwide, as well as of international institutions such as the United Nations (UN). Gender mainstreaming has emerged as a strategy for addressing this issue, relevant to all states and public institutions. National machineries for the advancement of women are regarded as appropriate institutional mechanisms for ensuring

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)

-sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences, the Hastings Center and the Royal Society of Medicine.28 During a planning meeting, members of the British organising committee, which included Gordon Dunstan and Sir Douglas Black, had suggested that an ‘interesting and fruitful’ approach would be to look at ‘topics that reveal differences between 260 The making of British bioethics the UK and USA’.29 Staff at the Hastings Center claimed that discussing the ‘marked differences’ between Britain and the United States would ‘foster an understanding and mutual appreciation for

in The making of British bioethics