Richard Kelly

democracy contributed to the third vote-losing aspect of Tory organisation: falling membership. Across the democratic world, declining party membership is an almost inevitable consequence of socioeconomic change. Yet, with social deference in decline, it is even harder to recruit members if they are to be denied substantial influence. By 1997, even Tory activists felt that the party was ‘still a feudal oligarchy, where power is concentrated in the leader’s office’.9 Conservative membership looked in poor health and was said to be no higher than 400,000 in 1997.10 To make

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson and Roiyah Saltus

Council Tax, I'll buy a car, I'll get a job, I'll be helpful for the community I'm living in. I will integrate. (Coventry Activist Interview, conducted by Kirsten) Here Nader, an activist and an asylum seeker who was not allowed to work, was responding defensively to a news story in the Coventry Telegraph about the 2014 Immigration Bill

in Go home?
Open Access (free)
Steven Fielding

Labour policy in an accessible and attractively illustrated manner. Commentators and voters alike thought the party’s television broadcasts impressive – although some activists thought them ‘a little too “clever”’.10 The national campaign directed from Transport House was, additionally, generally regarded as supremely professional. The party’s overall message was that its leaders were economically responsible, better able than the Conservatives to increase growth, and reflected the interests of the whole of society, while their opponents were concerned only for the

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Open Access (free)
La gauche de la gauche
Jim Wolfreys

longer seems excessive. This chapter will argue that the phenomenon of the ‘social movement’ is the product of a process of social and political polarisation to which France’s party system has been unable to respond, largely because of the broad consensus which now governs most areas of policy. We begin with an outline of the way in which fundamental ideological differences between the parties of the mainstream left and right are being eroded. The perception among grass-roots activists that the PS in particular is no longer either able or willing to provide solutions

in The French party system
Attitudes towards subversive movements and violent organisations
Ami Pedahzur

should, however, be noted that the offence of sedition as set down in the Penal Code is currently under the constant criticism of judicial and liberal factions. Their main objection is that these enactments provide the State with too much of a free hand when taking severe steps against radical political activists, a predicament that, according to the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, puts freedom of expression in the country in considerable jeopardy. 42 Further confirmation of this approach is submitted by Kremnizer and Gnaim, who underscore the liberal approach

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Open Access (free)
The economy of unromantic solidarity
Nazima Kadir

, where squatting is illegal) is known as the Social Centers movement. Thus, illegality provides the opportunity for culturally central activists to articulate themselves against the state. 3 When considering the consequences of the squatting ban, I am concerned about the culturally marginal. Living the autonomous life has become increasingly demanding. Being able to reside for a significant amount of time in a squat requires more skills, energy, investment, and capacities. The squatting ban has only heightened

in The autonomous life?
Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

Part 1I Doing The following four chapters provide a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on aspects of socialisation – sexuality, education, addiction and mental health – and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. Each of the contributors comes from a specialist professional or activist background (rather than an established academic one), and to varying degrees the chapters bear out points made in Part I, ‘Thinking’ regarding

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Budd L. Hall, Edward T. Jackson, Rajesh Tandon, Jean-Marc Fontan and Nirmala Lall

students to grass-roots co-creation of knowledge experiences. Clearly, a knowledge democracy movement must have at its heart two groups of persons: community activists and leaders (including those from the social movements), and students. Students in the universities that we have studied have been eager to make a difference in the world. In an environment filled with too much disappointment and fear, students, like all of us, are attracted to hope. The examples from the science shops in Europe, of students working on community environmental projects, and the work with

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Katariina Kyrölä

snowflake’ –​the generation that came into adulthood in the 2010s, presumably more fragile and easily offended than the previous ones (GQ, 2016; Hartocollis, 2016). I  bring this context into focus not to present it as a perspective among others but to examine how some of the language used in feminist contexts has been disconcertingly adopted into anti-​feminist discourse. Scholars, activists and public debaters should be aware of the potential allegiances they may build, even if inadvertently, with anti-​feminist voices, or white supremacist, trans-​exclusionary feminist

in The power of vulnerability
Greta Fowler Snyder

seeking and attaining of recognition, for instance, has been criticized for pre-empting cross-identity coalitions by emphasizing difference among identity groups/hardening boundaries and suggesting that certain solidarities are un-natural (Brown 1999 ; Gitlin 1996 ). Based on this view, the politics of recognition is something that activists who hope to engender and sustain global

in Recognition and Global Politics