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investment funds, stakeholder firms, basic and participation incomes, informal exchange systems (whether based on currency or time) and local banking (Offe and Heinze, 1992; Offe, 1996: Ch. 7; Douthwaite, 1996; Benello et al., 1997). What this Third Sector would do is capture and harness the wealth that we already create for ourselves, and upon which productivism already depends, directing it in more socially reproductive ways (Jordan and Travers, 1998). None of this is to deny the difficulties that social democracy faces. In fact the post-industrial trilemma actually

in After the new social democracy

Irish market) ‘a hugely attractive location for foreign investors’.2 To make itself even more attractive, ‘the country has cut corporate tax rates (already among Europe’s lowest)’.3 There is even better news on the financial front: while in 1996 financial inflows and outflows totalled a meagre 1.6 per cent of the national economy, by 2000 portfolio flows in Ireland were the largest in the world, in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). Those running investment funds, corporate finance, international banking and insurance companies could, with Foreign Policy, say to

in The end of Irish history?

remarkably few changes to the structure and operation of parliament to accommodate membership of the European Union. Both the Commons and the Lords have select committees whose role is to examine proposals coming from the European Commission, but they have little influence over ministers and are seen as the minimum concession which could be made to membership. Of course the great European issues are regularly debated in parliament. Indeed, some of the great parliamentary moments of the 1990s were provided by battles to approve of the Maastricht Treaty. In the future

in Understanding British and European political issues

Dresdner Gelehrte Anzeiger newspaper printed articles discussing variously how to make an alcoholic spirit out of carrots, the importance of hour-glasses for pulpits in Protestant churches, and how the internal make-up of a pine-tree caterpillar was structured. A wealth of discourses materialised which may seem faintly ridiculous today, but which symbolised the Enlightenment sense of intellectual exploration, and the overwhelming urge to explain rather than just accept.22 This is well illustrated by the published exchanges between a spice trader named Tobias Conrad Hoppe

in Beyond the witch trials

community both on a national and on a global level. For example, Dewey outlines that: Associated or joint activity is a condition of the creation of a community. But association itself is physical and organic, while New Lessons from the Old Professor 105 communal life is moral, that is emotionally, intellectually, consciously sustained. Human beings combine in behaviour as directly and unconsciously as do atoms, stellar masses and cells … They do so in virtue of their own structure, as man and woman unite, as the baby seeks the breast and the breast is there to supply

in John Dewey
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read, rather, as a ‘creative minority’, in Toynbee’s phrase,19 who were instrumental in the rise of modern Bombay. Parsis played a dominant role in the creation of wealth in the city and thereby in India as a whole. In the nineteenth century they were at the heart of the development of banking and insurance, of ship-building, cotton and other textiles, jute, chemicals, steel and, later, aviation. Of the many entrepreneurs – several of whom were elevated to the peerage by the sympathetic British – perhaps the most celebrated was J. N. Tata, whose tentacular business

in Rohinton Mistry
The restructuring of work in Britain

3 Producing hyperflexibility: the restructuring of work in Britain Change is opening up new horizons; but there is fear of what may lie within them. Technology and global financial markets are transforming our economies, our workplaces, our industrial structure. Economic change is uprooting communities and families from established patterns of life. The way we live, as well as the way we work, our culture, our shared morality, everything, is under pressure from the intensity and pace of change … It can be exhilarating. But it is certainly unsettling

in Globalisation contested
Reflections on contemporary anarchism, anti-capitalism and the international scene

describes locals out on the streets afterwards exploring the burned ruins of banks and cars: People were picking at a melted/smashed banking machine, curious to see what one looks like from the inside . . . In a weird way, it seemed as if everyone was totally fascinated and unable to speak. No one was really condemning it or shaking their heads. It was more like bewilderment and curiosity. It’s not often that one gets to see what lies behind the sleek machines and walls that run our lives. (Brian S., 2001: 20) Graeber stresses the way in which such tactics do not cause

in Changing anarchism

union; managing existing European Union programmes; developing the Union’s annual budget; making the necessary arrangements for enlargement; managing the union’s external relations. ● ● ● ● ● Structure The Commission is headed by its President. He or she is the most visible symbol of European unity and can therefore be seen at the outset as a 216 Understanding British and European political issues figurehead. As we shall see, the Commission is divided into nineteen functional sections, but the President is able to represent the Commission as a whole. It is the

in Understanding British and European political issues

customerrelated activities. A different reason for not involving actual end users in the design process emerged where firms believed that they already took users into account by virtue of following certain basic ergonomic principles such as making a commitment to simplicity, providing well structured information which was easy to access, being concerned about error-friendliness, allowing self-explanation, building in help functions, etc. If they already did all this, it was sometimes regarded as sufficient to meet anything the user might want from the innovation. Undoubtedly

in Innovation by demand