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Class polarisation and neo-liberalism in the Irish Republic

state intervention and spending. The new ‘competitive corporatism’ which has been in operation in the Republic of Ireland has put this process into reverse by creating a culture whereby tax cuts are increasingly eih ch-3.P65 68 26/3/03, 15:09 Neither Boston nor Berlin 69 seen as the reward for participation in the partnership process. Thus, wage restraint is traded off against tax cuts and there are now even tax allowances for making union contributions! However, here again, the tax-cutting culture contains a powerful dynamic that exacerbates inequalities. This

in The end of Irish history?
The Third Way and the case of the Private Finance Initiative

and the length and cost of [PFI] negotiations’. Few companies are large enough to cope with the size of the contracts and the complex negotiating processes involved in PFI, and the ongoing process of acquisitions and mergers is constantly reducing that number. Even where the procurement was competitive overall, the Treasury Select Committee added, the market ‘may be too

in The Third Way and beyond
Why China survived the financial crisis

pot.” Under the new fiscal system local governments entered into long-term (usually five-year) fiscal contracts with higher-level governments, and many were allowed to retain 100 per cent at the margin to make them “residual claimants.” In addition, local governments also received “extra-budgetary funds” that were not subject to sharing, not to mention the “off-budget funds” that were not even incorporated into the budgetary process and thus not recorded. It is well known that agricultural reform was the first reform success in the PRC. In the countryside, the de

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)

. Moreover ‘politics’ was presumed to entail the prior existence of ‘the state’, which at most, was taken to exist only in potential terms under colonial tutelage. When, belatedly political science did arrive, in response to the decolonizing formation of ‘new states’, it did so largely with all the baggage of American liberal commitment, with its diverse mix of idealism, universalism and (paradoxically) blinkered ethnocentrism (Omoruyi 1983). Africa’s ‘new states’ were assumed to be in the throes of a process of political modernization, whose end-state had an uncanny

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Israel and a Palestinian state

, represented by the Palestinian Authority (PA), is clearly an international actor; however, the PA’s status is uncertain in the face of the collapse of the peace process. 8 The peace process reached a crisis in the latter part of 2000 and the winter of early 2001 when Palestinians and Israelis were unable to resolve final status issues, and the second intifada broke out. 9 If the peace process were to collapse completely

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
One way to Europeanisation

influence in the policy-cycle. A referendum was held in October 1998 and the majority voted against this regionalisation process.16 The Union was an argument used during the campaign of the referendum; the political 2444Ch15 3/12/02 364 2:06 pm Page 364 Member States and the European Union parties and citizens’ movements opposing the creation of regions argued frequently that the division of the country would diminish Portuguese bargaining power in the Union. Behind this position was a conception of competitive lobbying by the regions in Brussels. The opponents of

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)

transition from centrally planned socialist economies – though, by contrast with the European examples, and with the exception of Outer Mongolia, this is a transition that has not been accompanied by the end of communist party rule and a parallel process of democratic transition. And it is also a region where financial crises and economic recession have dominated political activity and discourse for half a decade. Perhaps more than in any other region considered in this volume, the overarching framework for political activity here is shaped by the transition from Cold War

in Democratization through the looking-glass

location within the EU’s constitutional structure post-2004 will be dependent on the activities of the two advocacy coalitions working within the sports policy subsystem. The sports policy subsystem is not a non-neutral arena existing simply to process inputs into outputs in an apolitical manner. Rather activity within it will determine sports future legal and constitutional status. The need to construct better empirical and theoretical understandings of the subsystem is therefore paramount. The main theoretical contribution advanced in this book is the need for

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
The crisis of British social democratic political economy

power within the mixed economy in favour of a public sector which would be extended to include at least the top twentyfive major industrial corporations. Moreover, in view of the dismal fate of the 1965 National Plan, what was proposed was planning with teeth and to this end, in addition to a substantial extension of public ownership, the strategy insisted that those major industrial corporations remaining in private hands should be brought into a national planning process with the state deploying a range of incentives and sanctions to ensure that they adhered to the

in In search of social democracy

appeared as orchestrators of capitalist legitimation and working-class demobilisation, as part of the political processes that accommodate democratic aspirations to capitalist power structures, and as ‘singularly weak agencies of mass education in socialist principles and purposes’ (Miliband 1969: 196). What in Parliamentary Socialism (1961) had been presented as a vulnerability to parliamentary socialisation now reappeared in The State in Capitalist Society as an ITLP_C05.QXD 18/8/03 9:57 am Page 73 David Coates and Leo Panitch 73 inadequate capacity for counter

in Interpreting the Labour Party