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Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

with those of the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, even if they differed somewhat in their ideological origins, and helped shape the post-1945 international economic order. Third, this is an interesting period to study in terms of Britain’s changing role in the world. Britain had been the only victorious European state in the Second World War, which reinforced the perspective that it was a world leader, and a great and triumphant power. However, it was at this point in time that it became apparent for the first time that Britain’s pre-eminent position in the

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Rhiannon Vickers

Cabinet, John Hodge became the newly created Minister of Labour, with four others in more minor posts.49 However, during 1917 the atmosphere changed, as the United States joined the Allies, and Russia defected after the October Revolution.50 Tensions quickly developed within the Labour Party over whether to stay in the war government or not, especially over the issue of British relations with Russia. Vic03 10/15/03 64 2:10 PM Page 64 THE LABOUR PARTY AND THE WORLD The 1917 Russian Revolution Events in Russia caused another rethink in foreign policy, and a

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Heloise Brown

Britain as a conflict with a white, Christian and quasi-European population. The war was one-sided, although the Afrikaners’ initial numerical superiority, combined with their familiarity with the geography and climate, meant that it was a long drawn-out conflict that concluded with a protracted period of guerrilla warfare. It was the tactics utilised in the final stages of the war, from December 1900, that received the greatest criticism from the British anti-war movement. Kitchener’s policies of farm-burning and internment of Afrikaner women and children in

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)
Global Britishness and settler cultures in South Africa and New Zealand
Charles V. Reed

schools of imperial history in the aftermath of the First World Warpost-colonial theory, Marxist-inspired social history, and the New Imperial History – did not consider the white dominions as worthy sites of analysis in their own right. Historians of empire, however, have recently turned their attention to the British colonies of settlement, in a project aimed at reassessing the role of Britishness

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
Daughters of the Empire, mothers in their own homes, 1929–45
Katie Pickles

During the Depression and the Second World War the IODE’s vision for Canada was influenced by Britain’s weakening position in relation to a strengthening Canada. Although the influence of investments and popular culture from the USA was increasing at that time, British immigrants were still valued as superior to those of other races and the IODE promoted its own version of

in Female imperialism and national identity
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

10 Remembering the Japanese occupation massacres: mass graves in post-war Malaysia Frances Tay The violence visited upon British Malaya during the Japanese occupation of December 1941 to August 1945 has prompted several historians to evoke comparisons with the atrocities that befell Nanjing.1 During this time, numerous civilians were subjected to mass killings, summary executions, rape, forced labour, arbitrary detention, and torture. In particular, the shukusei (cleansing) or daikensho (big inspection) operation of February to April 1942 – known locally as the

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

and for such other international legislation as may be practicable.’24 The Labour Party was the most wholehearted supporter amongst the British political parties for the establishment of international organisations to regulate and arbitrate world affairs, and it spent the years during the First and Second World Wars thinking about the post-war settlement and the maintenance of peace through international institutions. The third aspect of Labour’s internationalism was that international policy and governance should be based on democratic principles and universal

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Pertti Joenniemi

now confirms that the concept of war is in trouble. Edward Luttwak, for example, has coined the expression of ‘postheroic warfare’ by distinguishing between traditional and novel forms of war. 4 Chris Hables Gray uses the more general term ‘postmodern war’, whereas Mary Kaldor prefers the more limited notion of ‘post-Clausewitzian war’. 5 Richard Mansbach and Franke Wilmer may be closer to

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Open Access (free)
Christine E. Hallett

the most honourable memorial to the suffering of their fellow countrymen. In writing of their nursing work during the First World War, nurses were also composing portraits of themselves. Whilst some seem to have wanted to remain shadowy figures in the background, foregrounding the courage and resilience of their patients, others chose to depict themselves as actors on a world stage.3 When they wrote, British women such as the Baroness de T’Serclaes, Sarah Macnaughtan, and Millicent Sutherland were drawing upon narrative tropes current in their own culture. The

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

-funded research would enable Britain’s Caribbean colonies to participate in the emerging ‘brave new synthetic world’, and in doing so these places would find their economic fortunes revived. 2 By exploring post-war visions of economic development for the British Caribbean colonies this work produces a rethinking of our wider understanding of the history of science and development in the twentieth century. Despite the rise of development as a universal ideal for the Global South and the emergence of development studies as a major scholarly field, we employ a narrative of past

in Science at the end of empire