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-intervention. Therefore the real decision we have to face is not between eugenics and non-eugenics, because we cannot choose not to choose, but between a eugenics of the free market (where it is the unintended outcomes of voluntary exchanges that shape future populations) and a eugenics that is set within regulatory frameworks. In short, a regressive eugenics (whether based upon the centralised state or the free market) is one that elevates choice over chance, whereas a progressive, regulated eugenics makes room for both choice and chance in its values and criteria. Before defending my

in After the new social democracy

-specific employment policies on the one hand and the institutions of social reproduction on the other, with no regulatory systems or norms to restrict the extent of inequality or segmentation’ (Rubery, 1992: 258). Methodologically, societal institutionalism was originally developed in conscious opposition to approaches, often based in forms of contingency theory, which try to draw relations between variables in all national environments, ‘posing the existence of a rationality above and beyond national specifics and cultural particularities’ (Maurice, 1979: 43). Maurice was

in Making work more equal

chap 2 27/5/03 11:53 am Page 53 2 Theory and constitutional framework of German federalism Introduction As in the case of the American states, the German Länder existed before the federation. But unlike the United States, there is no legal controversy in Germany over the role of the states as opposed to the “people” in creating the federation.1 Representatives from the Länder met at Herrenchiemsee in 1948 to draft the new constitution and formed the Parliamentary Council which negotiated with the Allies over the final text in 1949. The German Constitution

in The Länder and German federalism
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The evolving international financial architecture

Securities Commissions (IOSCO), and for insurance supervision by the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS). To assist emerging-market economies to develop the necessary supervisory expertise, the IMF has been given the key task of helping to improve 292 Beyond the crisis the banking system of its members. This involves carrying out more intensive surveillance of the financial sectors of member countries, as well as helping members develop their financial sector supervisory and regulatory frameworks in conformity with international standards.15 Priority

in The Asian financial crisis
Towards Specialised Services?

hard ground beneath. Their oblivious attitude was enabled by a lot of hot air, emanating principally from WorldCom and its UUNet branch. 21 For full disclosure, I should declare that I was the Regulatory Director for WorldCom UK in 2001–02, 22 joining the coyote in free fall

in Network neutrality
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Relations between the European Union and Mercosur

agreement. Firstly, Giordano claims, this agreement would allow both regions to deal with a multi-polar global governance system. Secondly, this agreement would set an example for the European Commission on how to develop trade and cooperation relations with other countries and regions. In addition to this, Giordano argues that the inter-regional association agreement would also strengthen the historical links between Latin America/Mercosur, Spain and Portugal. However, more importantly, this agreement would secure a regulatory framework for the EU’s FDI in the region

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
State–society relations and conflict in post-socialist Transcaucasia

193 Barbara Christophe analytical framework, that may serve as a guideline for further comparative research on state collapse and state building in Transcaucasia. The phenomenology of ‘new war’ The first thesis directly contradicts assumptions which are still widespread in the literature on Transcaucasian affairs. This region is commonly analysed in terms of a naive culturalistic paradigm. Conflict and violence seem to be triggered either by the aggravation of objective ethnic grievances or by the clash of contrasting concepts of ethnic identities. The main players in

in Potentials of disorder
From an enabling towards a disabling state?

-wide regulations ‘can be adapted as closely to possible to conditions at establishment level’ (Assemblée Nationale, 2016: 9). This new initiative in state support for the decentralisation of collective bargaining marks a paradigm shift. In the year 2000, when the legislation on the introduction of the 35-hour week in France was enacted, decentralisation was still intended to make it easier for the actors at establishment level to negotiate compromises on working-time organisation within the framework of the existing industry-level collective agreements. This enabling state

in Making work more equal

prominent target. Long-term conditions were costly problems, and better management promised to improve prevention of expensive sequelae. Furthermore, as diseases that crossed institutional lines, intervention enabled governments to tackle the thorny GP–hospital divide. Measures to confront these problems were included in the 1990 GP contract (and subsequent revisions), as well as forming the basis of reviews into clinical standards in the mid-1990s. By the late 1990s, diabetes had become one of the first conditions to be subject to a National Service Framework (NSF

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
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Quality and processes of qualification

to analyse the general preconditions which operate to establish consensus among groups of practitioners or members of social worlds. Outcomes are, then, not so unpredictable, the range of plausible judgments not so wide, the degree of individual discretion not so great. Even in aesthetic matters, the organisation of social worlds ensures at least some quasi-objective standards whereby judgements must be made. A final investigative framework might be described as one based on ‘thick description’ of social processes which lead to the common acceptance of that complex

in Qualities of food