Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

reasons, including alliances with communities, roots in civil society, recognition by peers, qualities and characters of members, principles, ethics and commitments and so on ( Calain, 2012 ). But at its core, humanitarian legitimacy comes from acting in a humanitarian way – by doing good, by acting our values. Providing care to people in danger will not prevent us from being attacked by authoritarian states or populist movements. In fact, the opposite, as this case shows

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Richard Parrish

examines the supply market – the market in the buying and selling of players. The final section examines the Commission’s general approach to sport by reviewing the sports-related case law within the context of the Commission’s paper on the development of a framework for the application of competition law to sport, the first formal exploration of the viability of constructing separate territories of sporting autonomy and competition law. European Union competition policy Article 3 of the EC Treaty states that the activities of the Community should include the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Richard Parrish

that autonomy. As a result, the Committee’s sporting recommendations merely sought to encourage the sports sector to adopt measures, rather than requesting the European Council or Commission to act. The report’s sports-related recommendations read: Since ancient times sport has been an important forum for communication among people’s. It is an important part of the lives of a large number of people within the Community. That is why it is all the more regrettable that the enjoyment of international competitive sport has been drastically marred recently by hooliganism

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Richard Parrish

. Issues such as public order and sport, drugs and sport, safety in sport, disciplinary measures in sport, conduct in sport and wider issues relating to restraint of trade and anti-competitive behaviour in sport are today common features of the national legislative and judicial landscape. The internationalisation of sporting competition and finance combined with the development of the EU has internationalised juridification. Article 3 of the EU’s founding Treaty specified that the activities of the Community shall include ‘an internal market characterised by the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Richard Parrish

lack of a Treaty base? What processes are at work that give rise to the development of distinct areas of law such as environmental law? Essentially, what is being examined is ‘task expansion’. Pollack offers a definition. ‘By task expansion I mean (a) the initial expansion of the Community agenda to include new policy areas and (b) the subsequent development and growth of substantive policies in each of these new policy areas’ (Pollack 1994: 96). This two-stage process has been evident in the development of sport as a EU competence. Initially, general legal

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Christopher T. Marsden

Gateway Protocols (BGP) need to be understood by government in order to formulate useful net neutrality policy even in the absence of formal regulation. How do these emergent areas interrelate with other parts of Internet governance? How does such governance interrelate with regulation, for instance where new actors and institutions are forming new coalitions of interest and epistemic communities? Further

in Network neutrality
Richard Parrish

-cultural and integrationist qualities of sport a higher priority and for sport to be afforded a higher level of protection from EU law. The European Parliament emerged as an important venue through which such ideas were discussed. Both the 1994 ‘Larive report’ on the European Community and Sport and the 1997 ‘Pack report’ on the ‘Role of the European Union in the Field of Sport’ demonstrated a desire to balance the economic regulation of sport with the promotion of sports socio-cultural and integrationist qualities.10 Furthermore, the Parliament has been successful in

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Open Access (free)
‘Case history’ on violence against women, and against women’s rights to health and to reproductive health
Sara De Vido

‘interpersonal violence’: violence between individuals, including ‘family and intimate partner violence and community violence,’ the former committed within the context of the family, ‘community’ referring to 22 DE VIDO 9781526124975 PRINT.indd 22 24/03/2020 11:01 The anamnesis ‘acquaintance and stranger violence,’ violence in workplaces and other institutions.4 The WHO categorisation does not precisely match my vertical dimension, although we can regard the WHO notion of ‘collective violence,’ meaning social, political and economic violence, as also referring to violence

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Richard Parrish

interpretation of EU law. • ECJ–individual The principle of direct effect has enabled individual litigants to defend their rights under EU law before national courts. Individuals, including companies, therefore have a stake in the EU’s legal order and in this capacity are supported by lawyers. Whilst therefore the ECJ plays an important role in developing legal principles and substantive law, its role should be placed in context. The ECJ constrains and is constrained by multiple actors operating within the EU’s legal community. The development of new substantive areas of EU

in Sports law and policy in the European Union