Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

dynamics of the Ottoman–Montenegrin border that contributed to shifting identities, boundaries and allegiances among the local population. Local people found themselves Travelling genealogies 83 between the ‘soft’ margins of Ottoman rule on the one hand and, on the other, the political strategies of the Montenegrin rulers whose goal was to shift the border in their favour. Hence repeated border crossings, conversion to Islam or intermarriage were common social practices in the Montenegrin–Ottoman borderland. After having been marked – although still permeable and

in Migrating borders and moving times
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

of its citizens, for solidarity with strangers, for actively seeking an end to occupation, and for combating racism of all kinds. Criticism of Israel for its ‘identitarian’ constitutional status as a Jewish state is not invalidated by the fact that many of the states in the Middle East and North Africa analogously define themselves as ‘Arab’ or ‘Islamic’. It is a predicament of all modern nation states to have to deal with contradictions that arise between

in Antisemitism and the left
Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

Houses built on sand Islam.3 This approach is part of a broader Orientalist strategy to ‘other’ the Middle East and neglects the multifarious factors that underpin the emergence of different types of involvement and relationships that are shaping the region. Others have sought to categorise recent events as efforts to bring congruence to nation and state amid the alleged imposition of Western conceptions of statehood.4 Efforts to exert power and regulate life amid the presence of powerful movements has had a devastating impact on regional politics. The spread of ideas

in Houses built on sand
The past, present and future of the English Defence League
Hilary Pilkington

EDL was founded on 27 June 2009 as a response to street protests against British troop homecoming celebrations2 in Luton by an offshoot of the Islamist group al-Muhajiroun, Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah, led by Sayful Islam (Copsey, 2010: 8). It built on long-standing tensions in the town, which has a population that is 18 per cent Muslim and a history of Islamist recruitment and activism (2010: 8), and drew on links not with traditional far right parties but a number of ultra-patriotic ‘anti-Jihadist’ organisations evolving from within the football casual subculture

in Loud and proud
Simon Mabon

muqawamah is comprised of a broad range of norms and values, driven by agency and shaped by an Islamic and communal ethos. Moreover, although it is context specific, reflecting language and idioms, it also transgresses spatial and temporal dynamics.6 Ultimately, muqawamah is a way of thinking, being, and acting, and an ever-​widening site of holistic struggle in which the AK-​47 is not, in the scheme of resistance, more important than piety, charity, schooling, propaganda or music. It simultaneously constitutes and embodies a normative imaginary for enacting emancipation

in Houses built on sand
Amikam Nachmani

for asylum in the country – about 41 percent of the overall number of applicants in Western Europe. Ten percent were eventually granted shelter. 18 Half a million of the 2.8 million Turks living in Germany are of Kurdish origin. A Turkish–Kurdish conflict is, thus, very viable in Germany. Turks are the largest group among the 3.2 million Muslims residing in Germany. For comparison, there are more than 5 million Muslims in France, 2 million in Great Britain, and one million in Italy – altogether there are 12 million Muslims in the EU. Islam, as a result, has become

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

chap5 28/5/02 13.32 Page 135 Centrumdemocraten 135 race riots in Los Angeles and the civil war in Yugoslavia; the latter is described as ‘a terrific example of a multi-cultural society that explodes. Los Angeles in the large’ (CDi 7/92). The topic that brings the CD to its xenophobic peak is Islam. This religion is exclusively described in its fundamentalist version in the party literature: ‘veil, headscarf, no pork, the reversal of the emancipation of women and the limitation of freedom of religion’ (CDa 1/91). This Islamic culture is juxtaposed to the

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

scepticism and negative referenda in Denmark and Ireland would tend to suggest? However, can the European bicycle of integration remain upright unless it moves forward? Should it be equipped with a ‘kick stand’? But is it any fun peddling a MUP_Torbion_10_Ch10 266 22/9/03, 3:56 pm Where is Europe heading? 267 bicycle that is not moving? Would a ‘standstill’ imposed on integration not rapidly turn into its opposite, disintegration? Christianity and Islam Anyone who travelled across devastated Europe in 1648 must have thought any reconciliation between Catholics and

in Destination Europe
Locating the monsters in the machine: an investigation of faith
Roda Madziva and Vivien Lowndes

cultural difference, leading to a growth in diversity, segregated societies and the promotion of bad faith (extremism), often associated with Muslim identities (Lentin, 2011). Indeed, issues of the perceived and real problems of the integration of Muslims, and questions about accommodating Islam as a religion, are at the heart of current public policy debates, especially as the current migration crisis continues to unfold, and as Muslim identities become increasingly framed by global events (Statham and Tillie, 2016). Moreover, the rhetoric of the perceived failure of

in Science and the politics of openness
Simon Mabon

relationship with both territory and regional dynamics. Inherent to the parabolic pressures that forge states are innumerable forms of contestation. To ensure survival, rulers have imposed political, legal and economic structures to secure their rule, creating order within space while also cultivating narratives to increase legitimacy and recognition among both internal and external audiences. Several states have referred to pan-​ state ideologies  –​Arabism and Islamism  –​in an effort to unite peoples across the region, which has often been driven by national interest.16

in Houses built on sand