Locating the monsters in the machine: an investigation of faith
Roda Madziva and Vivien Lowndes

cultural difference, leading to a growth in diversity, segregated societies and the promotion of bad faith (extremism), often associated with Muslim identities (Lentin, 2011). Indeed, issues of the perceived and real problems of the integration of Muslims, and questions about accommodating Islam as a religion, are at the heart of current public policy debates, especially as the current migration crisis continues to unfold, and as Muslim identities become increasingly framed by global events (Statham and Tillie, 2016). Moreover, the rhetoric of the perceived failure of

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

scepticism and negative referenda in Denmark and Ireland would tend to suggest? However, can the European bicycle of integration remain upright unless it moves forward? Should it be equipped with a ‘kick stand’? But is it any fun peddling a MUP_Torbion_10_Ch10 266 22/9/03, 3:56 pm Where is Europe heading? 267 bicycle that is not moving? Would a ‘standstill’ imposed on integration not rapidly turn into its opposite, disintegration? Christianity and Islam Anyone who travelled across devastated Europe in 1648 must have thought any reconciliation between Catholics and

in Destination Europe
Simon Mabon

articulates, an increased obsession with the idea of using the urban environment as an instrument of coercion over the population.25 Such processes were driven by Western experience, where once again, architecture, necessity and political calculations trumped local contexts and values and were designed in accordance with an imaginary construction of ‘Arabia’.26 In the first half of the twentieth century, a burgeoning scholarship on cities in the region  –​underpinned by Orientalist tropes  –​was concerned with the defining characteristics of an ‘Islamic city’. From this

in Houses built on sand
Simon Mabon

relationship with both territory and regional dynamics. Inherent to the parabolic pressures that forge states are innumerable forms of contestation. To ensure survival, rulers have imposed political, legal and economic structures to secure their rule, creating order within space while also cultivating narratives to increase legitimacy and recognition among both internal and external audiences. Several states have referred to pan-​ state ideologies  –​Arabism and Islamism  –​in an effort to unite peoples across the region, which has often been driven by national interest.16

in Houses built on sand
Israeli security experience as an international brand
Erella Grassiani

’ minds since their early formation (Goldstein 2010 ), but if we look at states’ subjects we see that especially after 9/11, and continuing today with foreign (European) ‘fighters’ joining the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, a so-called culture of fear (Furedi 2002 ; 2006 ) becomes visible. Jeff Sluka has even called this a ‘terror of terrorism’ and a ‘paranoid fear of terrorism’. 1

in Security/ Mobility
Reordering privilege and prejudice
Hilary Pilkington

6 ‘Second-class citizens’: reordering privilege and prejudice Castells (2012: 14) argues that anxiety is a response to an external threat over which the threatened person has no control. Anxiety leads to fear, and has a paralysing effect on action. However, anxiety can be overcome and lead to action if it develops into anger, usually through the perception of an unjust action and the identification of the agent responsible for it. In the previous chapter, the anxieties held by EDL supporters about Islam, and about Muslims, were detailed. It was shown how these

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
Seas, oceans and civilisations
Jeremy C.A. Smith

, 1974:  19–​22; Matsuda, 2012:  49–​63; Russell-​Wood, 1998). The distinctly Catholic traders met Muslims, Jains, Hindus and Jews in settlements that acted as contact zones between merchant forces. In extending their imperial sphere from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean, Portuguese sailors, traders, officials and soldiers were engaging in a globalising encounter. While en route around Africa they engaged in the habitual rituals of possession on the West African coastline, using methods learnt from Islamic forces in the long Reconquista of the Iberian 118 118

in Debating civilisations
Stuart Horsman

’, International Security, 19:1 (1994), pp. 5–40. 4 Gregory Gleason, ‘The Struggle for Control over Water in Central Asia: Republican Sovereignty and Collective Action’, RFE/RL Report on the USSR (21 June 1991), p. 11; and Karl Wittfogel, Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1957). 5 Hélène Carrere d’Encausse, Islam and the Russian Empire: Reform and Revolution in Central Asia (London: I. B. Tauris, 1988), p. 8. 6 See, for example, Gregory Wheeler, The Modern History of Central Asia (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1964

in Limiting institutions?
Elisha P. Renne

a health team which went to test the vaccine in South Africa. 37 At the same time, the Jama’atu Nasril Islam (JNI), the umbrella organisation for Muslims in Nigeria, sent a team of their own experts to test the vaccine in Indian laboratories. On 23 December 2003, the Minister of Health, Professor Eyitayo Lambo, announced that the ‘Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) used in Nigeria for immunisation, ‘had been found to be safe and free of anti

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

. In the context of non-religious private schools, it was only the parents in Cheadle Hulme who considered them seriously. For these parents, the cost of private schooling was prohibitive, but they also had worries about putting their children in environments where they would have a too severe ‘fish-out-of-water’ experience and where they might face exclusion on the basis of being different and not rich or middle-class enough. Some of the Muslim parents in Whalley Range and Chorlton did have experience of sending their children to Islamic private schools, although

in All in the mix