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Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

, 258, note 36). Intended to be pejorative, the term was undoubtedly inspired by the philosophers Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno, of the Frankfurt School, who formulated the concept “culture industry” in the 1940s. Horkheimer and Adorno used it about American popular culture with its films, radio, and magazines, which they viewed as solely profit-seeking; according to them, these manifestations of popular culture were standardised, commercial, conformist, and banal, and they manipulated and passivised the masses (Horkheimer & Adorno 1947 (German): 144ff; 2002

in Heritopia
Open Access (free)
Northern Irish fiction after the Troubles
Neal Alexander

Lives: The Stories of the Men, Women And Children Who Died As A Result Of The Northern Ireland troubles (Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing, 2007). Glenn Patterson, Lapsed Protestant (Dublin: New Island, 2006), p. 88. Richard Bourke, Peace in Ireland: The War of Ideas (London: Pimlico, 2003), p. 193. Ibid., p. 3. Colin Graham, ‘ “Let’s Get Killed”: Culture and Peace in Northern Ireland’, Wanda Balzano, Anne Mulhall and Moynagh Sullivan (eds), Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture (Houndmills: Palgrave, 2007), p. 180. Deirdre Madden, One by One in the Darkness (London

in Irish literature since 1990
Robert Murphy

-Heckroth have as inspirational trampoline the visual culture of Ye Olde Junke Shoppe. (p. 211) Though he went on to write books on Jean Renoir, Alfred Hitchcock, Georges Franju, Luis Buñuel and King Vidor, who would now be acknowledged as film artists, Durgnat shared the same enthusiasm for popular culture and scepticism about the relevance of high

in British cinema of the 1950s
Dietary advice and agency in North America and Britain
Nicos Kefalas

to the common cold, according to Pauling, was not a gradual increase in the uptake of vitamin C, but the stabilisation of vitamin C levels through the consumption of megadoses of the vitamin, an approach that echoed Galenic treatment of excess humours with bloodletting, purgatives, emetics and diuretics. 66 Pauling's argument about vitamin C penetrated popular culture via television, radio, magazines and later the internet. Recommendations of vitamin C in other self-help books

in Balancing the self
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

communities was diverse, contemporary images of the miner in his community tended to divide between two stereotypes. On the one hand, the miner had long been presented in popular culture as a harddrinking, raucous and irreligious character, spending his wages in merriment. This was a view cemented in eighteenth-century ballads, such as Newcastle poet Edward Chicken’s The Collier’s Wedding, originally dating from 1729, which celebrated a class of people who ‘liv’d drunken, honest, working lives’.15 The image of the carefree, hard-drinking miner, survived into the nineteenth

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Open Access (free)
Graeme Kirkpatrick

which objects are remediated by their users and may become resistant to the identities imposed on them by manufacturers, corporations and governments. Reconfiguration of their sensuous relationship with devices and machines dissolves the illusion of objective necessity and points technology users towards further experimentation and alternative possible uses. This dissolution of technology’s authority in a popular culture of hacking and dabbling is, in Feenberg’s theorisation, a political process. People breaking the rules of technology use has consequences which

in Technical politics
Open Access (free)
Reading Half-Life
Barry Atkins

accessible to the illiterate, at least as far as literacy is classically defined, but it demands a different kind of literacy within the codes and conventions of popular culture if it is to make meaningful sense as an extended text rather than a sequence of unconnected fragments in which all one does is move the gunsight and press the fire button. Half-Life acts to guarantee that the violence that is at the heart of the game is internally justified as a response chap3.p65 61 17/02/03, 09:50 62 More than a game to the world of the text, and that the visual allusions

in More than a game
Open Access (free)
Culture, criticism, theory since 1990
Scott Brewster

and ‘local’ appropriation of international influences, to Neil Jordan’s cinematic version of The Butcher Boy (1998), which ‘captures some of the shock of Ireland’s abrupt baptism into the new global order’ by showing the cataclysmic impact of modernisation on 1960s Ireland.30 In Alan Parker’s The Commitments, the confident familiarity with global popular culture provides an escape route, as Dublin’s Northside identifies with the black underclass in United States, and embraces ‘a new transatlantic freedom’.31 The absence of the Catholic Church and indifference to the

in Irish literature since 1990
Gob Squad, a funny robot and dancing scientists
Simon Parry

with their various combinations of human and machine: from Von Kempelen’s mechanical Turk to C3PO familiar to Star Wars fans since 1977. Negative feelings about technosciences often respond to a sense of disorienting and uncontrollable speed, and yet here robots in science seemed to lag far behind robots in popular culture. This sense of Myon as outdated was highlighted in My Square Lady as Myon sat passively amid a stream of eclectic popular cultural reference points. In the opening scene referred to above, it was surrounded by the children and adult choirs dressed

in Science in performance
Richard Suggett

6 Chapter 5 The spoken word Vagabonds and minstrels in sixteenth-century Wales Vagabonds and minstrels in sixteenth-century Wales Richard Suggett T hroughout much of late medieval and early modern Europe, from Poland and Russia in the east to Wales and Ireland in the west, itinerant minstrels entertained noble and plebeian audiences. Wandering entertainers may well have provided (as Burke has suggested) one of the unifying elements within European popular culture. A pan-European tradition of minstrelsy, crossing social and cultural boundaries, is an

in The spoken word