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George Campbell Gosling

case of Bristol. The absence of ‘gas and water’ socialism – with municipal control of utilities providing a bedrock – did not equate to a lack of provision in the city. Utilities, like other core services such as public transport, were provided by private companies. 4 Meanwhile, charitable provision was extensive, including schools, settlements and almshouses, as well as dispensaries and hospitals. Consequently, Bristol was a city associated with philanthropists

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Neil Macmaster

interior, the more tenuous French authority became, while inversely the local power of the FLN maquis increased along with cultural resistance to the new Ordinance. The problems were particularly pronounced among the conservative populations of the vast southern departments of the Sahara and Saoura. Here it was reported that so few Muslim courts (mahakma) and mayor’s offices existed that the inhabitants of places like Reggan or Tindouf could be a thousand kilometres distant, and in the absence of any forms of public transport it was almost impossible to register births

in Burning the veil
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

votes to the Islamic parties, they altered the political balance in Turkey’s municipalities, and doubly so at the national governmental level. Some grave consequences have followed upon this trend. Wherever the Muslims were triumphant, hostels for battered women were closed. In a number of places restaurants serving alcohol were shut down. Efforts were made to segregate men and women on public transport, and Muslim mayors have made such changes as painting all the bus stations green, the color of Islam. Banning was imposed on immodest advertising

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Yulia Karpova

industrial enterprises for one year. The topics for graduation projects for the academic year 1959–60, given out by MVKhPU in September right after the issuing of the resolution, were all related to practical subjects – mass housing, public buildings, public transport and factory equipment. The projects for the palace’s interior perfectly suited the Party-led campaign to update the architectural, social and cultural landscape of the Soviet capital city. During the academic year, over thirty-three students were expected to design furniture, lamps, lattice screens, fountains

in Comradely objects