Open Access (free)
Dalia Abdelhady, Nina Gren, and Martin Joormann

1 Dalia Abdelhady, Nina Gren, and Martin Joormann Introduction Summer 2015. While the beaches of Greek islands received boat after boat of refugees, a large part of the space of the central station in Copenhagen was occupied by young Danish volunteers who distributed sandwiches, drinks, blankets, and second-hand clothes to crowds of people on the move, most fleeing wars in Syria and Afghanistan. Locals bought train and bus tickets so the travellers could continue their journey onwards to Sweden and beyond. Across the strait forming the Swedish–Danish border

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Lars Norén and Agneta Ranerup

achieve a desired result in a finite number of moves. Algorithms act, they do things’ (2015: 18). Algorithms can perform such tasks as ranking, but Woolgar (1990) also argued that the development of a formal choice procedure means configuring the user. Consequently, Callon and Muniesa used the concept of algorithmic configuration of a user in a market, for example. This issue is of importance in the context of public services for at least two reasons. The first is that the role of a citizen-consumer of public services (Clarke et al., 2007) is often a new role. In Sweden

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)
Mia-Marie Hammarlin

. And very entertaining. It should, by way of introduction, be said that media landscapes differ a great deal from one country to another. Scandals in Sweden cannot be directly compared to scandals in the United States, or to scandals in other parts of the world for that matter. At the same time, scandals are connected across the borders of countries and across continents, not only through the universal, emotional experiences undergone by the main figures of these scandals and their families, but also through a kind of resilience over time that characterises the

in Exposed

Colonial powers and Ethiopian frontiers 1880–1884 is the fourth volume of Acta Aethiopica, a series that presents original Ethiopian documents of nineteenth-century Ethiopian history with English translations and scholarly notes. The documents have been collected from dozens of archives in Africa and Europe to recover and present the Ethiopian voice in the history of Ethiopia in the nineteenth century. The present book, the first Acta Aethiopica volume to appear from Lund University Press, deals with how Ethiopian rulers related to colonial powers in their attempts to open Ethiopia for trade and technological development while preserving the integrity and independence of their country. In addition to the correspondence and treatises with the rulers and representatives of Italy, Egypt and Great Britain, the volume also presents letters dealing with ecclesiastical issues, including the Ethiopian community in Jerusalem.

Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

Ecology Party – ‘Live Differently’ (Belgium: Flemish-speaking)/Anders Gaan Leven AN National Alliance (Italy)/Alleanza Nazionale B ’90/Die Grünen Alliance ’90–The Greens (known as ‘the Greens’) (Germany)/Bündnis ’90/Die Grünen BNP British National Party BSP Belgian Socialist Party (Flemish-speaking)/Belgische Socialistische Partij C Centre Party (Sweden)/Centerpartiet CADJ (Luxembourg) see: ADR

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Open Access (free)
Design and material culture in Soviet Russia, 1960s–80s
Author: Yulia Karpova

The major part of this book project was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 700913.

This book is about two distinct but related professional cultures in late Soviet Russia that were concerned with material objects: industrial design and decorative art. The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s is broadly recognised to have been Russia’s first truly original contribution to world culture. In contrast, Soviet design of the post-war period is often dismissed as hackwork and plagiarism that resulted in a shabby world of commodities. This book identifies the second historical attempt at creating a powerful alternative to capitalist commodities in the Cold War era. It offers a new perspective on the history of Soviet material culture by focusing on the notion of the ‘comradely object’ as an agent of progressive social relations that state-sponsored Soviet design inherited from the avant-garde. It introduces a shared history of domestic objects, handmade as well as machine-made, mass-produced as well as unique, utilitarian as well as challenging the conventional notion of utility. Situated at the intersection of intellectual history, social history and material culture studies, this book elucidates the complexities and contradictions of Soviet design that echoed international tendencies of the late twentieth century. The book is addressed to design historians, art historians, scholars of material culture, historians of Russia and the USSR, as well as museum and gallery curators, artists and designers, and the broader public interested in modern aesthetics, art and design, and/or the legacy of socialist regimes.

Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance. Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum, ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in activities not officially classed as war.

Bonnie Clementsson

Not until the second half of the nineteenth century did Swedish agrarian society enter a new age of industrialisation and urbanisation. The population grew steadily, which led to increasing social problems in the country. In the countryside, an ever-increasing proportion of the population lived in poverty, and in the cities the authorities struggled against overcrowding and worsening hygienic conditions as well as against rising crime, alcoholism, and prostitution. The number of marriages decreased while the number of illegitimate children

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Clementsson

On 23 June 1702, a soldier named Jon Larsson and his wife's half-sister Karin Jönsdotter were brought before a local court in central Sweden where they tearfully confessed their sins. A few weeks before Christmas of the previous year they had engaged in sexual intercourse on one occasion, following which Karin had become pregnant. 1 Their actions were in stark violation of the norms of the time regarding sexual relationships. Not only was Jon a married man

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940