Open Access (free)
Film festivals and the revival of Classic Hollywood

cinema history. The tale being told here admittedly does extend beyond Hollywood. For example, the pioneering German silent classics The Cabinet of Dr Caligari (1919), Metropolis (1927) and Nosferatu: A Symphony of Terror (1921) were revived in 1985, 1984 and 1995, respectively, and the Soviet milestone October (USSR, 1927–28) was shown in 1988 after Alan Fearon had

in Memory and popular film

. The main attraction at the Telekinema was the showcasing of new cinematic technology – stereoscopic films. This was not the first time 3-D films had been shown to the public; in 1924 a programme of films had been shown in London and the USSR had already perfected stereoscopic projection without the need for the audience to wear special glasses. 18 Of the four films produced for the Festival, the

in British cinema of the 1950s

. 13 The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of ‘Health for All’. See WHO, ‘Declaration of Alma-Ata. International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma- Ata, USSR, 6–12 September 1978’, www

in The politics of vaccination

between anarchy and the balance of power on the one hand, and intentions on the other. His theory is also unable to account for the divergent behaviour of France and the United Kingdom towards NATO in the 1960s. Both perceived the same threat (the USSR) and disposed of roughly equally relative power capabilities, and yet their policies towards the Atlantic Alliance diverged sharply after 1966 (see Spirtas

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
New stories on rafted ice

International Polar Year (IPY) was first carried out in 1882–​1883 and involved the cooperation of scientists from twelve countries in establishing twelve international research bases in the Arctic. This tradition continued at regular intervals, even taking place as the ‘International Geophysical Year’ at the height of the Cold War in 1957–​1958, and most recently with a diversity of natural-​and social-​ science activities in the period 2007–​2009 (Elzinga, 2013). In 1972, the USA and the USSR signed an agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Environmental Protection

in Arctic governance
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Communist Poland and Orthodox Christians in the USSR all contributed to the resistance to their respective totalitarian regimes. Disabled rights movements The term ‘disability’ is a controversial one. It has a number of negative connotations: a disabled person is physically or mentally ‘unfit’ or ‘incapable’, or somehow ‘inferior’ to one who is ‘able’, and is ‘separated’ from the

in Understanding political ideas and movements

Hitler and Mussolini. Overall, Chamberlain was ‘Suspicious of the Soviet Union, disdainful of Roosevelt’s “verbiage”, impatient at what he felt France’s confused diplomacy of intransigence and passivity, and regarding the Vic06 10/15/03 2:11 PM Page 134 134 THE LABOUR PARTY AND THE WORLD Table 6.1—Defence expenditure totals and as a percentage of national income, 1937 State % of national income spent on defence Defence expenditure $000,000 5.7 9.1 23.5 14.5 28.2 1.5 26.4 1,263 909 4,000 870 1,130 992 5,026 British empire France Germany Italy Japan USA USSR

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1

and the collapse of the USSR, in effect a second round of the ‘end of history’. The mainstream Western discussion about the protests and the actions of the authorities thus became saturated with the repetition of old themes. This was both explicit – repetition of simplified images of Kremlin ‘puppet masters’ and ‘crackdowns’ on the opposition, which had been the main theme of

in The new politics of Russia
The dynamics of multilateralism in Eurasia

bandwagoned towards the United States. Neil MacFarlane, ‘Realism and Russian Strategy after the Collapse of the USSR’, in Ethan B. Kapstein and Michael Mastanduno (eds), Unipolar Politics: Realism and State Strategies after the Cold War (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999), pp. 218–60. 12 See Robert O. Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984). 13 See Lisa Martin, ‘The Rational State Choice’, in Ruggie, Multilateralism Matters, pp. 91–117. 14 See Robert O. Keohane, International

in Limiting institutions?

symbolise non-predatory bandwagoning with PfP signatories seeking close relations with the once-threatening NATO institution they opposed as part of the Warsaw Pact and former USSR during the Cold War. This broad Euro-Atlantic, European and Eurasian post-Cold War structural transformation affects the way its members have defined NATO’s new missions, specifically via PfP. NATO members and PfP signatories synchronised their threat perceptions over the last half of the 1990s and formed the practical cooperative security needed to change NATO as an institution. Second, PfP

in Limiting institutions?