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Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

globalisation, and in the confused and atomised societies undergoing profound changes it is a source of dignity, security and social cohesion. It is not likely to fade away in this century. Growing competition for water, oil, food, land and clear air is likely to be a feature of international and domestic political life during the twenty-first century, so war between nations is likely to continue. Summary

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis and Kostas Ifantis

integration is allowed, or indeed prohibited. In fact, viewing the Community through the relatively modest lenses of international regime theory risks missing important points about the dynamics of formal interinstitutional linkages at the regional level and the importance of domestic politics in shaping transnational affairs. Perhaps this is the strongest critique of 28 Theory and reform in the European Union regime analysis as applied to the European integration process: politicisation and grassroots democratic concerns often determine the limits of regime formation at

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Thomas Robb

cooperation.163 In London, Heath believed that Nixon’s domestic problems had driven the US decision to move to DEFCON III, which, in turn, was seen as a grossly disproportionate reaction to the situation.164 Perhaps the prime minister was correct to think that domestic politics had played a part in the decision. However, he failed to grasp that US policy was determined to exclude the USSR from the region, and US actions were conditioned in pursuit of this ambition. Regardless, Heath was nonplussed by American actions and was determined to ascertain why the US had employed

in A strained partnership?
Rhiannon Vickers

recognition was in keeping with its policy of international solidarity and was seen by many on the left as a policy success, it led to domestic political problems, feeding the accusations of being ‘soft’ on communism that arose out of the Zinoviev letter and the Campbell case and which contributed to the general election defeat in October.51 J. R. Campbell, the acting editor of a Communist paper, Workers Weekly, and a leading member of the British Communist Party, was arrested under the Incitement to Mutiny Act on Vic04 10/15/03 90 2:10 PM Page 90 THE LABOUR PARTY AND

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Rhiannon Vickers

forty-eight hours. This included the suppression of any antiAustrian propaganda in Serbia, and Austrian participation in the Serbian investigation into the assassination. Serbia, which was suffering from domestic political problems at the time, raised objections to this last demand. Germany pressured Austria-Hungary into declaring war on Serbia on 28 July, with both thinking that if they were united, Russia, the Serbs’ ally, would not get involved. Austria-Hungary subsequently began mobilising its armed forces. However, Russia supported Serbia and felt that if it got

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

nations – such as the US, Britain, France, Germany and Japan – as well as donor institutions (including the World Bank and the EU) all declared an intention to link aid dispersals to recipient countries’ domestic political situations, in particular favouring those undergoing ‘political reform’ (Nelson and Eglington, 1992; Baylies, 1995). The new aid regime had three general objectives: improvement of governmental and administrative capacity in developing country states; the further spread of respect for universal and fundamental human rights in line with international

in EU development cooperation
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

2543Chap6 16/7/03 9:59 am Page 158 6 The International Regime model In the preceding chapters, we have analysed the climate strategy choices of the oil industry as a function of company-specific factors (the CA model analysed in chapter 4) and of factors linked to the domestic political context in the home-base countries of the companies (the DP model analysed in chapter 5). These models have provided us with some answers as to why the climate strategies of the oil companies differ, but have left other questions unanswered. In particular, we do not have a

in Climate change and the oil industry
Russia as ‘a Europe apart’
Andrew Monaghan

sovereign states and intervene in their internal affairs to destabilise them by manipulating public opinion. Similarly, Moscow accused the USA of encouraging support for opposition parties in Russia at the time of the protest demonstrations in December 2011 and early 2012. Putin suggested that hundreds of millions of dollars of foreign money had been spent on influencing Russian domestic politics, and

in The new politics of Russia
Open Access (free)
The state of surprise
Andrew Monaghan

domestic politics and Russian actions on the international stage, as expectations have been confounded and unanticipated developments emerged. They include a mix of longer-term trends and sudden developments, including Russia’s economic recovery after the financial crisis of 1998, the Russian ‘dash to Pristina’ airport in June 1999, which created panic in NATO, Vladimir Putin’s rise to the leadership in

in The new politics of Russia
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

uprising were exceptional, Turkish repression was equally extreme and unprecedented. Alas, it goaded entire Kurdish populations, hitherto passive, into active support for the underground. The Generals’ coup of 1980 took the anarchy and violence of the late 1970s as a pretext for military intervention in domestic politics. The Turkish response thus made the 1980 coup a turning point in the Kurdish campaign, with counter-terrorism at its strongest in the entire history of the Turkish republic. The Kurdish uprising, likewise a turning point, could thus be largely attributed

in Turkey: facing a new millennium