Search results

Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

position of the party vis-à-vis the Islam can best be summarised in its own words: ‘Wherever there is Islam on earth, there are problems’ (CDa 3/90). Socio-economic policy The CD devotes a lot of attention to economic and socio-economic issues, both in its internally and its externally oriented literature. This is not to say that the party has a clear and elaborated socio-economic programme, however. The election programmes in particular hold a potpourri of individual demands, and where it is often difficult to see the underlying ideology. If the socio-economic demands

in The ideology of the extreme right
John P. Willerton and Geoffrey Cockerham

the FSU. Thus, while security and economic agreements were hammered out, states did not commit the necessary resources or engage in the development of intergovernmental institutional arrangements necessary to translate stated common interests into tangible policy results. Meanwhile, Russian unilateralism in its economic policies took precedence over its stated foreign policy multilateralism.15 With the massive costs of regional economic and security reintegration becoming more immediate, Russia exhibited mounting caution in transforming its hegemonic power interests

in Limiting institutions?
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes, and Davies Banda

. Nevertheless, Chiluba's presidency saw little change in overarching, internationally dominated, neo-liberal economic policies, with the implementation of SAPs actually becoming intensified upon the change of government (Situmbeko and Zulu, 2004 ). A rapidly accelerated process of privatization of major SOCs was implemented and, concurrently, there was a broader shrinking of the Zambian state and the decimation of nationally provided public services

in Localizing global sport for development
Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls and Albert Recto

aforementioned aspects, quantitative rigidity and wage rigidity, and continue to this day. The economic policy proposals derived from these approaches have always presented themselves, both in the crisis of the 1970s and today, as the inevitable course of action, as the only way out of the various crises experienced by the Spanish economy. Underpinning them there is always a blind belief that businesses fail to create employment because the labour market cannot afford it. The problem, it is claimed, is not in the characteristics of the production structure, nor in the demand

in Making work more equal
Brian White

development relations with third parties. From an adapted FPA perspective, this form of policy-making is uncontentiously foreign policy and can be regarded as constituting the foreign economic policy dimension of European foreign policy. ‘Union foreign policy’ refers to the more overtly political dimensions of European foreign policy and consists of the coordination of the foreign policies of member states in

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Paul Cammack

level for: ‘the development of appropriate regulations providing for surveillance of financial transactions’; the extension of IMF functions in the short term pending the creation of a global central bank; a ‘global war on poverty’ subject to internal reform in poor countries and the adoption of ‘domestically sound social and economic policies’; the enforcement of competition

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Science and industrial development: lessons from Britain’s imperial past
Sabine Clarke

methods and rhetoric employed by the DSIR were of most importance. The CPRC, the DSIR and also the Development Commission and Empire Marketing Board offered something significant to politicians and officials concerned with economic policy, apart from the promise of useful facts. The creation of these agencies was facilitated by their political utility as these bodies provided a method of stimulating economic growth and development that was could be promoted as useful and effective, a demonstration of the willingness of government to take action, without being overly

in Science at the end of empire
Philip Cerny

84 DISCIPLINES 6 International Political Economy philip cerny International Political Economy, domestic politics and democracy International Political Economy (IPE) had already achieved prominence as a field of study by the start of the 21st century, but its role has changed dramatically, with issues of democratic governance and policy-making moving to the forefront. Originally, however, the roots of IPE lay in economic aspects of relations among nation-states in the international system – foreign economic policy, trade, the spread of production systems and

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

have seen the exponential growth of financial and trade flows, helped by a revolution in communications. The result has been arguments about the deterritorialization of politics, the retreat of the nation-state, and the convergence of economic policies, and about a reflexivity about the world that we inhabit and whose citizens we are. Thus it could be argued that globalization has led to the transformation of our daily lives. However, feminist engagements with globalization theory also point out that ‘it is perhaps a particularly weak version of democracy that has

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Thomas Robb

interests and the international economic policies pursued by the president would only further enflame US–EEC economic competition. In 1971, the implementation of a 10 per cent surcharge on imports and the refusal to convert dollar-gold transactions demonstrated Nixon’s determination to safeguard US economic interests. Therefore, the expansion of the EEC was largely seen by the president as an economic competitor, rather than as a potential partner.9 For Nixon, however, the political, rather than economic, consequences of British EEC membership were more important. Here

in A strained partnership?