Open Access (free)
Christopher Morgan

are being squandered elsewhere; you are draining and frittering yourself away. Consolidate your self; rein your self back. They are cheating you, distracting you, robbing you of your self. (1991: 1132) Montaigne suggests the distinguishing characteristic and natural inclination of humanity to be a capacity for self-division or alienation. Also in keeping with Thomas, Montaigne claims that the process of reunification, of healing of such fragmentation, entails a ‘painful movement’ against such tides. But where Montaigne proves particularly helpful is in his

in R. S. Thomas
Irish fiction and autobiography since 1990
Liam Harte

alone comprehensively, about the swirling abundance of themes and trends in contemporary Irish fiction and autobiography in the space allotted to me here. Every tour d’horizon must be hedged about with qualifications and hesitations, every typological gesture thwarted by the fact of thematic and stylistic diversity.2 In short, the closer one looks for continuities and correspondences, the more one becomes aware of kaleidoscopic variety. Indeed, the motifs of fragmentation and incompletion are themselves among the most recurrent in recent Irish writing, being

in Irish literature since 1990
Raymond Hinnebusch

bases, treaties) in return for formal independence which, together with irredentist dissatisfaction with borders, invariably tarnished their legitimacy. For the Arab states, the continued presence of imperial powers in the region, extreme economic dependence and limited military capabilities meant the international system sharply constrained state options. As long as societies were unmobilised, domestic constraints were weaker, yet owing to intra-elite fragmentation and low institutionalisation many regimes were too unstable and narrow-based to

in The international politics of the Middle East
The European Union and social democratic identity
Gerassimos Moschonas

, in addition to EU institutions, the member states and the distribution of powers at national level), if we thus pass from the EU as institutional phenomenon to the macro-institutional reality of European public powers, the image of fragmentation becomes even more pronounced. The distribution of power centres – the Council, the Commission, the European Parliament, the European Central Bank, the twenty-seven national governments and administrations, the strengthened local administrations and the independent national or European authorities – is such that the overall

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
An international political economy of work
Louise Amoore

, to consider the complexity of patterns of solidarity, collaboration, fragmentation and dissent. There seems to be some comfort taken in IPE from the idea that organised labour may be a ‘voice’ for global civil society. But, in normative terms, is a single channel or formal voice what is being looked for? Following E. P. Thompson, a unified body of collective consciousness must always be wrought from something, and will necessarily draw boundaries and exclude practices. The practices of ‘insider’ workers, of whatever form, will have their ‘outsider’ counterparts

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East
Raymond Hinnebusch

region’s strategic transit routes, oil resources, the creation of Israel, a Western bridgehead, and the relative power vacuum issuing from regional fragmentation – all continued to draw in external powers. Leon Carl Brown (1984: 3–5, 16–18) has argued that the Middle East became a penetrated system , one subject to exceptional influence and intervention from the outside but which could not be fully subordinated or absorbed. Fred Halliday (1988) observes that, from the time of the Eastern question, great power competition over the Middle East has

in The international politics of the Middle East
Open Access (free)
John Robert Keller

the mother. (Bion, 1967: 103–4) Again, it is important to stress this is not necessarily a pathological process, but a fundamental early interaction between an infant and its mother. Because of the infant’s early sense of fragmentation and powerful fantasy life, there is not necessarily any reasonable failure on the part of the mother. Thus, Hanna Segal would write: When an infant has an intolerable anxiety, he deals with it by projecting it into the mother. The mother’s response is to acknowledge the anxiety and do whatever is necessary to relieve the infant

in Samuel Beckett and the primacy of love
Open Access (free)
Sara Haslam

). Ultimately, as the conclusion to these two chapters, the fragmentation endemic to modernism (represented in these cases by the war, by technology and by the contemporary perception of the ‘woman problem’), involves multiple perspectives that can destroy one’s sense of one’s world and one’s sense of oneself. But this isn’t always the case. Regeneration, of the kind that eventually comes to Tietjens, as the end point of his journey through war, is also in its gift. This chapter traces the roots of this (often atavistic2) regenerative possibility in Ford, a possibility that

in Fragmenting modernism
A history
Hans Bertens

-gardism. It also represents the fragmentation and decline of the avant-garde as a genuinely critical and adversary culture’. 56 Still, for Huyssen, as for his fellow European Calinescu, this American avant-garde is more modern than postmodern, although he is ready to grant that it may indeed seem postmodern in an environment with no history of avant-gardes comparable to Dada or Surrealism: ‘Where Europeans might react with a sense of déjà-vu, Americans could legitimately sustain a sense of novelty, excitement, and

in Post-everything
Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

study from Roman era tombs in Greece’, in Adams & Byrd (eds), Recovery, Analysis, and Identification, pp. 97–122. Djuric et al., ‘Identification of victims’. Ibid. R. Ferllini, R., ‘Forensic anthropological interventions: challenges in the field and at mortuary’, in Ferllini (ed.), Forensic Archaeology and Human Rights Violations, pp. 122–47. Ibid. Ibid. A. Mundorff, R. Shaler, E. Bieschke & E. Mar-Cash, ‘Marrying anthropology and DNA: essential for solving complex commingling problems in cases of extreme fragmentation’, in Adams & Byrd (eds), Recovery, Analysis, and

in Human remains and identification