James E. Connolly

. The examination of this difficult topic relies on an engagement with many sources written during or after the liberation but which provide an insight into the occupation experience. In the following chapters I highlight various forms of negatively viewed behaviours and argue that types of behaviour were criticised which do not fall into the remit of the loaded, anachronistic term ‘collaboration’ and which were not necessarily illegal. Subsequently, I  propose a new conceptual category for understanding the ‘dark side’ of this occupation, and perhaps others. That

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18
Open Access (free)
Laura Chrisman

that postcolonial studies shares with conservative and even reactionary ideologues. I am far from alone in my findings. A large number of postcolonial scholars, critics and thinkers are currently involved in restoring the emancipatory elements of the political sphere against its detractors. Discussing the national liberationism of Frantz Fanon, for instance, Gautam Premnath avers that Fanon’s political programme, and vision, is dialectical rather than linear or vanguardist: Rather than glorifying an elite cadre of vanguardist intellectuals, leading the mass of the

in Postcolonial contraventions
Joanna Gore

questionability as to whether you should be allowed to’ (Evans, 1994: 93). Shared notions of cure/education and resistance/liberation The same behavioural models and sanctions are also used to control both children’s and mentally ill people’s conduct. This can be seen through practices such as ‘grounding’, detention and isolation in separate rooms, wards or exclusive spaces for ‘bad’ behaviour, or the giving and taking away of ‘privileges’ such as free movement, belongings, cigarettes, sweets, etc. Both children and the mentally ill are required to explain themselves to a

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Rethinking anarchist strategies
James Bowen

, opportunity, perception and aspiration do not still exist, since clearly they do, maintaining inequality in many global contexts. However, focusing on any one economic group as the agent of change is misleading in the extreme, just as hanging on to notions of class more reminiscent of the era of George Orwell (1949, 1984) or Richard Hoggart (1957) is also unhelpful. It is important to remember that in times of social change, the working classes have been found to work both for the forces of liberation and reaction, as have members of the other socio-economic classes. As

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

societies are matriarchal (‘ruled by women’) in neither their social structures nor their theology. Nevertheless, Judaism, Christianity and Islam are particularly singled out for opprobrium by feminists as being religions that place women in a role subordinate to men in both theology and society. Patriarchy is thus a social construct, not a natural condition. Women’s movements therefore seek liberation from

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

his political position in Serbia. The Albanian response was initially non-violent. A semi-clandestine parallel society and political life developed in Kosovo despite intermittent pressure from the Serb authorities. By the late 1990s, however, non-violent protest began to give way to armed Albanian resistance to what was seen as Serb oppression. This manifested itself in the emergence of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Chinua Achebe’s critique of cosmopolitics
Laura Chrisman

/12/04 11:25 am Page 163 ‘The Killer That Doesn’t Pay Back’ 6 7 8 9 163 Press, 1998), pp. 103–24; Ali A. Mazrui, ‘A Tale of Two Continents: Africa, Asia and the Dialectic of Globalization’, Cooperation South, 2 (1998), pp. 118–33; Nadine Gordimer, ‘Cultural Globalization: Living on a Frontierless Land’, Cooperation South, 2 (1998), pp. 16–21. The literature on globalisation and globalism is vast and expanding. A useful critical discussion is the special issue of Race and Class: A Journal for Black and Third World Liberation, 40, pp. 2–3 (1999) on ‘The Threat of

in Postcolonial contraventions
Catherine Baker

, competing with the USA for influence in decolonised Africa, Khrushchev targeted the ‘Third World’ with cultural diplomacy, propaganda and student exchanges, and later Soviet leaders equipped and trained southern African armed liberation movements (Westad 2005 ; Matusevich (ed.) 2007 ; Bradley 2010 ). US and Soviet geopolitics of race evolved in interaction, in mainstream diplomacy and even the gendered structures of feeling and domesticity through which both powers constituted themselves against each other (Baldwin 2016 ). Permanent, as opposed to temporary, black and

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Jane Brooks

adjust to a normal way of living. Some hid their food in their lockers … in case … [ellipses in the original] some wept uncontrollably at times and some wanted to stand to attention if spoken to … We let the patients do their own thing … We had no routine, treated them as gently as possible and accepted some eccentricities.21 Other nurses were posted to care for the liberated civilian inmates of Nazi concentration camps. It is the experiences of nurses who were part of the liberation and later rehabilitation of the inmates at Bergen-­Belsen concentration camp that

in Negotiating nursing
Clotilde Escalle’s tales of transgression
Michael Worton

answers to these questions are neither single nor simple, but they are worth seeking, because they draw readers into an interrogation of post-feminist sexualities that questions many of the shibboleths of both feminist and masculinist/patriarchal ideologies. It is axiomatic that one of the defining features of the late twentieth century and early twentieth-first century is the sexual liberation of women. While less fully and less universally realised than some would have us believe, this social, political and personal liberation has enabled among women writers an

in Women’s writing in contemporary France