Open Access (free)
Andrew Bowie

contrast between ‘romanticism’ and ‘positivism’ are, of course, already sown in the period we have been considering. Fears about the nihilistic consequences of Spinozist determinism in the wake of the Pantheism controversy from the 1780s onwards (see Beiser 1987, Bowie 1997) are in many respects analogous to fears about the nihilistic consequences of contemporary scientism, and the aesthetic responses of Schelling and the Romantics to Spinozism are echoed in aspects of Heideggerian and post-structuralist views of art as the counter to the dominating nature of modern

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Open Access (free)
Christine E. Hallett

coincidence of nature without and nature within which I  long to remember.’30 Thirty-six years later, the Baroness de T’Serclaes sat down to write her own memoir:  ‘the past comes flooding in’, she asserted; ‘half-forgotten memories  – like the medals in their glass case  – seem to demand attention, a good dust, a new look at their significance’.31 Perhaps the most telling part of her comment is her reference to the ‘medals in their glass case’. In writing her memoir, she appears to be engaged in a dual process:  of both recreating the past and constructing a narrative

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

some disability scholars have argued, how were so many people with impairments able to work in a sector crucial to Britain’s industrial economic development? And how far, if at all, did they, or others, actually regard themselves as ‘disabled’ people? This chapter addresses these questions by examining the nature of mine work and the development of mining in the nineteenth century, paying special attention to the factors that enabled injured workers to participate in the working life of collieries and the extent to which they did so. To understand perceptions and

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
John Narayan

firmly believed that the nature of globalization meant that global forms of democracy were necessary to manage the Great Society. However, Dewey ultimately problematized his own thought when examining the feasibility of global democracy. Writing just after the end of the Second World War, Dewey initially counters ‘defeatism’ over the ability to govern the globe by reminding his readers that it was once believed that the United States was too big a land mass over which to create rule of law and democracy. Going further, Dewey suggests 56 John Dewey that if as much

in John Dewey
Open Access (free)
The Enlightenment and modernity
S.J. Barnett

the Church. Belief in an original Creator was part of the deistic view held by some enlightened writers who thought that God had not intervened in worldly affairs since Creation, so rendering the Church’s claim to mediation between divinity and humanity fraudulent. For such thinkers, evidence for God and a rational or ‘natural religion’ lay in the qualities (especially reason and conscience) of an unchanging human nature and the frame of nature itself. The understanding that there was a deist movement (sometimes termed freethinking movement) of some size in Europe

in The Enlightenment and religion
Richard Serjeantson

, almost all of which involve ‘experiments’ in some way (486–7). The purpose of the institution is to produce knowledge (480); the kind of knowledge sought is, without exception, the knowledge of nature. If Francis Bacon is famous for anything, it is for a singular concern with natural science. In a series of works, Bacon lambasted Price_05_Ch5 82 14/10/02, 9:36 am Natural knowledge 83 his contemporaries for their ignorance and complacency about the natural world, and proposed a series of increasingly bold plans to remedy the situation. In his grand encyclopaedia

in Francis Bacon’s <i>New Atlantis</i>
Andrew Bowie

Szondi maintains of German Idealism that ‘One could say crudely that the philosophy of German Idealism tried to win back via the path of speculation what Kant’s criticism had to renounce: the unity of subject and object, of mind and nature’ (Szondi 1974 p. 221). ‘German Idealism’, which I shall generally refer to as ‘Idealism’ from now on, has little to do with the philosophical idealism represented by Berkeley’s claim that ‘being is perceiving’. Kant already objected to such idealism when he insisted upon the need in ‘transcendental idealism’ for intuitions given from

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Open Access (free)
Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

can the success or failure in each individual case best be explained? As a point of departure for this discussion, we set out some of our main conclusions from the case studies on implementation performance and target compliance. Rounding up the chapter, we attempt to extract some lessons of a more general nature from our study. Implementation performance and target compliance In Chapter 4, we observed that Northwest Russian fisheries during the 1990s could be described in terms of three main features, the one partly issuing from the other: the diffusion of

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia
The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda
Shane Doyle

. Some conditions, defined as social diseases, demanded particular attention, because their incidence was recognised as being shaped by the imperfectly understood nature of local societies. This chapter will examine the nature of colonial knowledge, and the formulation of medical interventions, by focusing on colonial reactions to two social diseases in two neighbouring societies: sexually transmitted

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

) the nature of the particular institutional form of democracy; (2) causes and contexts of democratization; (3) prospects for the sustainability and deepening of democracy and (4) the relationship between democracy and socio-economic development. Rueschemeyer et al. (1992) highlighted three factors that affect the actual working of democracies: (1) the international factors – such as inter-state relations; (2) the individual state itself and its political institutions and leadership – the role of the military as opposed to civilian leadership, for example; and (3

in Democratization through the looking-glass