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Representations of the house in the poetry of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin and Vona Groarke
Lucy Collins

interrogated in this way. This problem is finally connected to language, and to the difficulties that beset interpretation, since language is not always ‘clear’ but may be ‘clouded’ by its own forms and conventions, as well as by cultural accretions: ‘It is language that tells us about the essence of a thing, provided that we respect language’s own essence.’17 Here the poet implies that we may be required to move into another realm, to travel some distance, in order to interpret words meaningfully. Vona Groarke’s first collection, Shale, also published in 1994, is prefaced

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Corruption, community and duty in Family Matters
Peter Morey

135 and again Nariman follows her up to the roof of Chateau Felicity to dissuade her from jumping. Despite his efforts to calm his former lover, Nariman finds himself yielding to the promptings of old emotions, as well as the concern he feels for Lucy in her distressed obsession. At one point he allows himself to wonder whether Lucy’s perseverance is the result of undying love or a desire for retaliation. Likewise, as readers, we are aware that, by giving way to her entreaties – albeit out of sympathy – he is hurting his wife and stepchildren: in which respect his

in Rohinton Mistry
Contemporary Irish and Scottish fiction
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

Edgeworth, Sydney Owenson (Lady Morgan) and William Carleton. As Luke Gibbons has written with reference to such shattering developments as the loss of a national language and the Great Famine: ‘In a country traumatized by a profound sense of catastrophe, is there really any need to await the importation of modernism to blast open the continuum of history?’ (1991: 3). In such a context, simply putting pen to paper was an act fraught with all manner of potential affiliations and betrayals. In this respect, James Joyce (invariably invoked alongside Marcel Proust as the key

in Across the margins
Richard Serjeantson

with merely human means of bettering their lot. In this, they reflect Bacon’s preoccupations, and in one respect Price_05_Ch5 89 14/10/02, 9:36 am 90 Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis especially: their cultivation of the art of medicine. As he grew older, Bacon became increasingly concerned with ways of escaping, or at least delaying, the clutches of mortality, and his interest in medical questions correspondingly grew. The section on medicine in the later Latin version of The Advancement of Learning (De augmentis scientiarum, 1623) is substantially enlarged from

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
Open Access (free)
Donna Beth Ellard

, children, and the family has been, in large part, an unknown and under-studied aspect of the societies and cultures of the early medieval North. In the wake of Philippe Ariès's 1962 Centuries of Childhood , which argued that medieval parents were generally dispassionate towards their children, medievalists began to examine the topic, and Mathew Kuefler was the first to challenge Ariès's assertions with respect to families in early medieval England. 9 Examining documentary

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Northern Irish fiction after the Troubles
Neal Alexander

inadvertently blunders upon the distressing effects of memory’s erosion over time: ‘Doesn’t matter how they died or how you try to keep their memory alive. They sort of get boiled down. They lose their – well, like I say – their substance.’45 This secondary form of loss on the part of relatives and loved ones may be inevitable, but it is against the similarly disastrous erosion or erasure of memory in the public sphere that Patterson’s fictional imagination is engaged. In this respect, however, Patterson’s work can be seen as merely part of a larger trend within

in Irish literature since 1990
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Murphy’s misrecognition of love
John Robert Keller

recognize that through this he has found the means to escape the deadly disconnection that dominates his inner world. Starting his tenure as nurse, Murphy is told his duties do not include any affection for his charges: ‘All you know about them is the work they give you to do’ (162), anticipating many Beckettian characters that take on primary maternal functions in caring for an infantilized other. Murphy is a good mother who relishes his work, and has an innate affection for the patients, ‘They caused Murphy no horror […] his immediate feelings were respect and

in Samuel Beckett and the primacy of love
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Baconian rhetoric and the New Atlantis
Sarah Hutton

outcome of a discussion on how to influence princes and potentates. In this respect the foundational text of utopian fiction is a version of the Renaissance ‘advice to princes’ genre. Utopia is the product of the centralised and autocratic Renaissance state. As a practical man of affairs, Bacon, like Sir Thomas More before him, was conscious of the difficulties to Price_03_Ch3 53 14/10/02, 9:21 am 54 Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis be encountered when trying to advise rulers and introduce new policies. Bacon’s own political advice reminds us that rhetoric in its

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
Sarah Alyn Stacey

connects him to a more spiritual understanding of his identity, and that of others, in the universe. In this respect Desarthe’s philosophy rescues character and reader alike from the deconstructionist postmodern wilderness of an entirely uncomprehending and incomprehensible world.  Writing the dynamics of identity Notes  Desarthe holds one of the highest French academic qualifications, the prestigious agrégation, in linguistics.  This is what Hans-Georg Gadamer calls ‘inescapable situatedness’: our ability to understand and interpret is limited by our particular

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Siobhán McIlvanney

fantasies – what Nini’s narrator Samia terms ‘une échappatoire’ (p. ) (an evasion/means of escape) – enables them to tolerate the experiential constraints of le vécu more easily. In Georgette!, these fantasies serve to Beur female identity  nourish the narrator’s self-perception in the face of the French education system’s drive for homogeneity (as well as her family’s religious strictures), whether the narrator imagines herself as an old man – indicative of her desire to be respected by the other, a situation denied her by her age, race and gender; a cat – which

in Women’s writing in contemporary France