Barry Atkins

amount of theoretical jargon (rather than serious thought) to a minimum. Nor am I alone in my scepticism towards some of the more extreme language that can be used when this new technology is up for discussion. As Jon Covey has argued in his introduction to Fractal Dreams, ‘Each onslaught of hyperactive technobabble becomes more tedious than the last, until we become just plain bored.’2 I would not even attempt chap1.p65 8 13/02/03, 14:00 The computer game as fictional form 9 to glorify my own argument – it is intended to be introductory, preliminary, and to

in More than a game
A naturalistic approach
Gilberto Corbellini and Elisabetta Sirgiovanni

are characteristics long observed by scientists, philosophers and sociologists during the period in which science was a model of knowledge. In addition, according to thinkers who are politically very different from one another – such as John Dewey, Michael Polanyi, Joseph Needham and Karl Popper – science and democracy share epistemological and ethical–political aspects. In particular, science and democracy both require tolerance, scepticism, rejection of authority, respect for facts, freedom of communication and free access to results. More specifically, the

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Jonathan Atkin

art and science and healing medicine, and so large a part of all that makes life beautiful’.15 The Great War was not only a paradox; George Bernard Shaw described it as a ‘monstrous triviality’. While Shaw was driven largely by his scepticism concerning the motives of government and public morality, Bertrand Russell described the conflict as ‘trivial for all its vastness’. We have witnessed both Russell’s despair for mankind and his hope that the lesson of the conflict would produce (via individuals) a ‘different spirit’: a calmer, creative state of mind in contrast

in A war of individuals
Open Access (free)
Crossing the margins
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

departments of the same institutions. Norquay_01_Intro 4 22/3/02, 9:30 am 5 Introduction The last decades of the twentieth century witnessed the emergence of what we might call the ‘spatial imagination’ and the growing realisation of its absolute centrality to human experience (Soja 1989). This development is not only connected with the growth of widespread scepticism towards history in general and institutionalised historiography in particular, but also with a number of factors which have combined to put pressure on the historicism which has dominated western

in Across the margins
Open Access (free)
George Philip

, and although Linz’s scepticism about presidentialism has been criticized in the literature there is much to be said in its support. Critics point out, quite rightly, that presidentialism has its advantages as well as disadvantages. Quite apart from anything else, most Latin Americans evidently prefer presidential government, and there is therefore no chance of introducing a fully alternative system. Furthermore, there are many different types of presidentialism, and quite detailed provisions relating to (say) budgetary policy can make a difference between a system

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Between international relations and European studies
Ben Tonra and Thomas Christiansen

(TEU) declared unambiguously that ‘A common foreign and security policy is hereby established which shall be governed by the following provisions’ (Treaty on European Union, Article 11), there is considerable and obvious distance between that ringing political declaration and the reality of subsequent policy formulation (Hill 1993a ; Peterson and Sjursen 1998 ). If one can, however, restrain a naturally resulting scepticism, it is striking to

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Andrew Bowie

knowing everything, then, can just as easily lead to nihilism as can the scepticism which anyway inevitably results from metaphysical realism – if reality is wholly independent of what we think about it, nothing could ever confirm, in thought, that what we think is true of that reality. Both the idea of omniscience and radical scepticism involve the metaphysical realist assumption as a limiting ‘absolute’, but both, as Schlegel realises, fail to deal with the sort of relations to the world which give it meaning.2 The history of these ideas is an area of considerable

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Open Access (free)
Hamlet, adaptation and the work of following
John J. Joughin

philosophical ‘knowing’, if that ‘knowing’ is construed in the narrower sense of mere objectification.8 In Cavell’s account, the desire for certainty within the modern philosophical tradition is itself exposed as a form of scepticism which barely conceals a rage at the non-identity of the other. So that, within the hermeneutical encounter, it is precisely because scepticism is forced to concede the limits of an experience beyond its grasp that it exposes us to the possibility that we might ‘acknowledge’ the ‘otherness of the human’.9 For Cavell, then, if Shakespeare’s texts

in The new aestheticism
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

free from want.’26 But alongside this enthusiastic support for the Plan, there was also a great deal of scepticism about the likelihood of it being implemented. Home Intelligence, while confirming the findings of Gallup and Mass-Observation, noted reports from eleven Regions suggesting ‘real anxiety that the plan would not materialize’. The reasons given reveal that at this stage the hope of a better post-war society was yet to become a source of commitment to the war effort. In ten Regions, ‘vested interests’ were mentioned as a major impediment to implementation

in Half the battle
Mads Qvortrup

disposition of age, no authority could enable an individual to execute’ (187). This scepticism in the powers of human reason might seem misplaced in the age of rationalism. This anti-constructivist conception of society as something that has evolved through what Hayek was later to call ‘spontaneous action’, was rejected by – and largely written in opposition to – a different conception of society, which we might call (for want of a better expression), constructivist. René Descartes, in Discourse on Method, was a proponent of the constructivist view. He argued that ‘there is

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau